How to format your references using the Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson CM. Chemical space and biology. Nature 2004;432:824–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whetten RL, Price RC. Chemistry. Nano-golden order. Science 2007;318:407–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller PM, Gavrilets S, Rice WR. Sexual conflict via maternal-effect genes in ZW species. Science 2006;312:73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu T, Guo P, Zhou Y, Wang J, Chen L, Yang H, et al. A crystal structure-guided rational design switching non-carbohydrate inhibitors’ specificity between two β-GlcNAcase homologs. Sci Rep 2014;4:6188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wittcoff HA, Reuben BG, Plotkin JS. Industrial Organic Chemicals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Darrouzet F, Keyser JD, Pierrard V, editors. The Earth’s Plasmasphere: A CLUSTER and IMAGE Perspective. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Norguet J-P, Zimányi E, Steinberger R. Semantic Analysis of Web Site Audience by Integrating Web Usage Mining and Web Content Mining. In: Ting I-H, Wu H-J, editors. Web Mining Applications in E-commerce and E-services, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders.

Blog post
Fang J. Young Blood Recharges Brains of Old Mice. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. College Debit Cards: Actions Needed to Address ATM Access, Student Choice, and Transparency. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salonga-Moreno DR. Pressure ulcer prevention and management curriculum for home health agencies. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. Hezbollah Wields Rising Power as Iran’s Enforcer. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTherapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
AbbreviationTher. Adv. Neurol. Disord.
ISSN (print)1756-2856
ISSN (online)1756-2864
ScopeClinical Neurology

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