How to format your references using the Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sincell M. ROBOTICS: Rescue Droids Stumble in an Urban Jungle. Science 2000;289:846a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salehi-Ashtiani K, Szostak JW. In vitro evolution suggests multiple origins for the hammerhead ribozyme. Nature 2001;414:82–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clauset A, Moore C, Newman MEJ. Hierarchical structure and the prediction of missing links in networks. Nature 2008;453:98–101.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Polonsky M, Rimer J, Kern-Perets A, Zaretsky I, Miller S, Bornstein C, et al. Induction of CD4 T cell memory by local cellular collectivity. Science 2018;360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg S. Cost-Contained Regulatory Compliance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Mehandjiev N, Grefen P, editors. Dynamic Business Process Formation for Instant Virtual Enterprises. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas H, Brecht R, Markscheffel B, Bode S, Spekowius K. TMchartis – A Tool Set for Designing Multiple Problem-Oriented Visualizations for Topic Maps. In: Maicher L, Garshol LM, editors. Scaling Topic Maps: Third International Conference on Topic Maps Research and Applications, TMRA 2007 Leipzig, Germany, October 11-12, 2007 Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 36–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders.

Blog post
Fang J. Bear Moms Use Human Shields To Protect Cubs From Infanticidal Males. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: System Management Capabilities Improved, but More Can Be Done to Institutionalize Improvements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olson LL. Of Hell and High Water: Longitudinal Case Studies of the Internal and External Recovery Efforts of Non-Governmental Organizations after Hurricane Katrina. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. That Padres Pitcher, She’s Got a Mean Screwball. New York Times 2016:AR118.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTherapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
AbbreviationTher. Adv. Neurol. Disord.
ISSN (print)1756-2856
ISSN (online)1756-2864
ScopeClinical Neurology

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