How to format your references using the Acta Biotheoretica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Biotheoretica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Priem J (2013) Scholarship: Beyond the paper. Nature 495:437–440
A journal article with 2 authors
Reyes N, Gadsby DC (2006) Ion permeation through the Na+,K+-ATPase. Nature 443:470–474
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang C, Iwahara J, Clore GM (2006) Visualization of transient encounter complexes in protein-protein association. Nature 444:383–386
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Eldar A, Dorfman R, Weiss D, et al (2002) Robustness of the BMP morphogen gradient in Drosophila embryonic patterning. Nature 419:304–308

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroupa VF (2005) Phase Lock Loops and Frequency Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Duplantier B, Rivasseau V (eds) (2015) Henri Poincaré, 1912–2012: Poincaré Seminar 2012. Springer, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Beck MB, Lin Z, Stigter JD (2012) Model Structure Identification and the Growth of Knowledge. In: Wang L, Garnier H (eds) System Identification, Environmental Modelling, and Control System Design. Springer, London, pp 69–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Biotheoretica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Envision 2050: The Future Of The Oceans. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/envision-2050-future-oceans/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Technology Innovation: Improving the Climate for Government-Industry Cooperation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts DM (2017) Resilience in Physically Maltreated Adolescents: Interpersonally Related Protective Factors and Gender Differences. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by RACHEL LEE HARRIS (2010) Pilgrim, The Final Volume. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Priem 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Reyes and Gadsby 2006; Priem 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reyes and Gadsby 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Eldar et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Biotheoretica
AbbreviationActa Biotheor.
ISSN (print)0001-5342
ISSN (online)1572-8358
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Philosophy
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Environmental Science
Applied Mathematics
General Medicine

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