How to format your references using the Acta Biotheoretica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Biotheoretica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeLong EF (2007) Microbiology. Life on the thermodynamic edge. Science 317:327–328
A journal article with 2 authors
Dye C, Gay N (2003) Epidemiology. Modeling the SARS epidemic. Science 300:1884–1885
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun L, Xie Z, Zhao J (2000) A 3,000-year record of penguin populations. Nature 407:858
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Milo R, Shen-Orr S, Itzkovitz S, et al (2002) Network motifs: simple building blocks of complex networks. Science 298:824–827

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghavami M, Michael LB, Kohno R (2006) Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Erverdi N (2015) Alveolar Distraction Osteogenesis: ArchWise Appliance and Technique. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ambroziak AA (2014) The Legal Framework for Regional State Aid in the European Union in 2014–2020 and Its Impact on the Attractiveness of Poland’s Regions to Investors. In: Ambroziak AA (ed) New Cohesion Policy of the European Union in Poland: How It Will Influence the Investment Attractiveness of Regions in 2014-2020. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Biotheoretica.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Russia Shows Off Its So-Called “Super Nukes.” In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/russia-super-nukes/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Spectrum Management: Preliminary Findings on Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thixton HL (2017) Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Illinois. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Matsui Stars in Another Classic Bronx Tale. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeLong 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Dye and Gay 2003; DeLong 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dye and Gay 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Milo et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Biotheoretica
AbbreviationActa Biotheor.
ISSN (print)0001-5342
ISSN (online)1572-8358
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Philosophy
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Environmental Science
Applied Mathematics
General Medicine

Other styles