How to format your references using the Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Hecke, Martin. 2007. “Materials Science. Shape Matters.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5834): 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunter, C. A., and P. C. Mayers. 2001. “Knot Tied around an Octahedral Metal Centre.” Nature 411 (6839): 763.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shaviv, Nir J., Andreas Prokoph, and Ján Veizer. 2014. “Is the Solar System’s Galactic Motion Imprinted in the Phanerozoic Climate?” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6150.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Montzka, Stephen A., Geoff S. Dutton, Pengfei Yu, Eric Ray, Robert W. Portmann, John S. Daniel, Lambert Kuijpers, et al. 2018. “An Unexpected and Persistent Increase in Global Emissions of Ozone-Depleting CFC-11.” Nature 557 (7705): 413–417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker, Mark. 2013. Happy-People-Pills For All. Oxford, UK: Wiley Blackwell.
An edited book
Cao, Bing-Yuan, and Hadi Nasseri, eds. 2014. Fuzzy Information & Engineering and Operations Research & Management. Vol. 211. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rovaris, Daniele, Stefano Cugno, Valentina Forni, Paola Cuzziol, Enrico Molinari, and Gianluca Castelnuovo. 2010. “Aspetti Fisiologici Del Dolore.” In Psicologia Clinica Del Dolore, edited by Gianluca Castelnuovo, 25–33. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Melting Glaciers, Shifting Biomes And Dying Trees In Our National Parks – Yet We Can Take Action On Climate Change.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Subcontractor’s Problems With Prime Contractor at Kennedy Space Center. B-192017. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desgens-Martin, Violaine. 2014. “High Prevalence of Carcinoma in California Sea Lions Zalophus Californianus: Evidence of a Xenobiotic-Induced Carcinogenic Cascade?” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barneby, Mary Rudie, and Jennifer Kelly. 1997. “A Pension Gap for Women.” New York Times, August 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van Hecke 2007).
This sentence cites two references (van Hecke 2007; Hunter and Mayers 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunter and Mayers 2001)
  • Three authors: (Shaviv, Prokoph, and Veizer 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Montzka et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
AbbreviationTheor. Issues Ergon.
ISSN (print)1463-922X
ISSN (online)1464-536X
ScopeHuman Factors and Ergonomics

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