How to format your references using the Hong Kong Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hong Kong Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Galizia CG. Neuroscience. Brainwashing, honeybee style. Science. 2007 Jul 20;317(5836):326–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lu Y, Conrad R. In situ stable isotope probing of methanogenic archaea in the rice rhizosphere. Science. 2005 Aug 12;309(5737):1088–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Planutis K, Planutiene M, Holcombe RF. A novel signaling pathway regulates colon cancer angiogenesis through Norrin. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 9;4:5630.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Oury F, Murakami Y, Renaud J-S, Pasqualetti M, Charnay P, Ren S-Y, et al. Hoxa2- and rhombomere-dependent development of the mouse facial somatosensory map. Science. 2006 Sep 8;313(5792):1408–13.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pearson D, Grace C. Weight Management. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Cao L, Motoda H, Srivastava J, Lim E-P, King I, Yu PS, et al., editors. Behavior and Social Computing: International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics, BSI 2013, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia, April 14-17, 2013 and International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics and Computing, BSIC 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-9, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013. XIV, 265 p. 118 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8178).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Naterer GF, Dincer I, Zamfirescu C. Water Electrolysis. In: Dincer I, Zamfirescu C, editors. Hydrogen Production from Nuclear Energy. London: Springer; 2013. p. 99–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hong Kong Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Hawaiian Islands Were Losing Species Millions Of Years Before Humans Arrived [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/hawaiian-islands-were-losing-species-millions-of-years-before-humans-arrived/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: FAA Is Making Progress But Important Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Mar. Report No.: T-AIMD/RCED-99-118.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lin L-M. Transformation in Chinese Theatre Works’ the Legend of White Snake [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. This ‘Green’ Is Not a Color. New York Times. 2009 Nov 8;NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHong Kong Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationHong Kong J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)1027-8230
Scope

Other styles