How to format your references using the Minerals Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Minerals Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R., 2007. France strives for sharper image. Nature 445, 699.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohde, P.P., Dowling, J.P., 2015. QUANTUM OPTICS. The on-ramp to the all-optical quantum information processing highway. Science 349, 696.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foran, E., Weiner, S., Fine, M., 2013. Biogenic fish-gut calcium carbonate is a stable amorphous phase in the gilt-head seabream, Sparus aurata. Sci. Rep. 3, 1700.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yan, S., Li, Z., Li, H., Arancio, O., Zhang, W., 2014. Notoginsenoside R1 increases neuronal excitability and ameliorates synaptic and memory dysfunction following amyloid elevation. Sci. Rep. 4, 6352.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blundell, A., Harrison, R., Turney, B., 2010. The Essential Guide to Becoming a Doctor. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Singh, L.R., Dar, T.A., Ahmad, P. (Eds.), 2015. Proteostasis and Chaperone Surveillance. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Moukalled, F., Mangani, L., Darwish, M., 2016. The Discretization Process, in: Mangani, L., Darwish, M. (Eds.), The Finite Volume Method in Computational Fluid Dynamics: An Advanced Introduction with OpenFOAM® and Matlab, Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 85–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Minerals Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. A New Way To Test Your ‘Biological’ Age [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. UMTA Project Oversight and Mass Transit Issues (No. T-RCED-90-102). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gatti, D.M., 2010. Genome-wide analysis of transcriptional regulation in the murine liver (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2016. Captain America’s Mom: Some Shocking News. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton, 2007; Rohde and Dowling, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rohde and Dowling, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMinerals Engineering
AbbreviationMiner. Eng.
ISSN (print)0892-6875
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Control and Systems Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles