How to format your references using the Minerals Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Minerals Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tal, A., 2006. Seeking sustainability: Israel’s evolving water management strategy. Science 313, 1081–1084.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coura, J.R., Viñas, P.A., 2010. Chagas disease: a new worldwide challenge. Nature 465, S6-7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sang, L., Coller, H.A., Roberts, J.M., 2008. Control of the reversibility of cellular quiescence by the transcriptional repressor HES1. Science 321, 1095–1100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, J., Xiao, X., Xu, X., Lin, J., Huang, Y., Xue, Y., Jin, P., Zou, J., Tang, C., 2013. Activated boron nitride as an effective adsorbent for metal ions and organic pollutants. Sci. Rep. 3, 3208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knuth, E., 2011. Trading Between the Lines. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sachse, A., 2015. OpenGeoSys-Tutorial: Computational Hydrology I: Groundwater Flow Modeling, SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Sikorski, A., 2009. A Multi-tier Path Query Evaluation Engine for Internet Information Systems, in: Tkacz, E., Kapczynski, A. (Eds.), Internet – Technical Development and Applications, Advances in Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Minerals Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Tree Rings Reveal Mysterious Solar Activity 7,000 Years Ago [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Assessing the Output of Federal Commercially Directed R&D (No. PAD-79-69). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, C.D., 2013. Playing the Hungarian card: An assessment of radical right impact on Slovak and Hungarian party systems and post-Communist democratic stability (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Rodriguez Stands Alone, and That’s a Good Thing. New York Times B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tal, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Coura and Viñas, 2010; Tal, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coura and Viñas, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMinerals Engineering
AbbreviationMiner. Eng.
ISSN (print)0892-6875
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Control and Systems Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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