How to format your references using the Minerals Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Minerals Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pellegrino, J.W., 2013. Proficiency in science: assessment challenges and opportunities. Science 340, 320–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Connell, L.A., Hofmann, H.A., 2012. Evolution of a vertebrate social decision-making network. Science 336, 1154–1157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harrington, J., Palethorpe, S., Watson, C.I., 2000. Does the Queen speak the Queen’s English? Nature 408, 927–928.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reich, P.B., Hobbie, S.E., Lee, T., Ellsworth, D.S., West, J.B., Tilman, D., Knops, J.M.H., Naeem, S., Trost, J., 2006. Nitrogen limitation constrains sustainability of ecosystem response to CO2. Nature 440, 922–925.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zwecher, M.J., 2010. Retirement Portfolios Workbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hasenhuettl, G.L., Hartel, R.W. (Eds.), 2008. Food Emulsifiers and Their Applications: Second Edition. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Niewiesk, S., 2009. Current Animal Models: Cotton Rat Animal Model, in: Griffin, D.E., Oldstone, M.B.A. (Eds.), Measles: Pathogenesis and Control, Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 89–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Minerals Engineering.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Watch Live As Solar Impulse Ends Its Sun-Powered Flight Around The World [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Influence Of Public Affairs Organizations On Information And Advertising Programs (No. B-161939). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Picchini, A.M., 2010. Neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus: Modulation of stem cell fate by experience (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Suspicion Is One Nemesis Armstrong Can’t Outpedal. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pellegrino, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (O’Connell and Hofmann, 2012; Pellegrino, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Connell and Hofmann, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Reich et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMinerals Engineering
AbbreviationMiner. Eng.
ISSN (print)0892-6875
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Control and Systems Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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