How to format your references using the Minerals Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Minerals Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angel, R., 2001. Future optical and infrared telescopes. Nature 409, 427–430.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cranch, G.A., Foster, S., 2012. Comment on “Probing the ultimate limit of fiber-optic strain sensing.” Science 335, 286; author reply 286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culler, S.J., Hoff, K.G., Smolke, C.D., 2010. Reprogramming cellular behavior with RNA controllers responsive to endogenous proteins. Science 330, 1251–1255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Araújo, A.D., Parteli, E.J.R., Pöschel, T., Andrade, J.S., Herrmann, H.J., 2013. Numerical modeling of the wind flow over a transverse dune. Sci. Rep. 3, 2858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Featherstone, H., Holt, E., 2011. Small Animal Ophthalmology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Mourrain, B., Schaefer, S., Xu, G. (Eds.), 2010. Advances in Geometric Modeling and Processing: 6th International Conference, GMP 2010, Castro Urdiales, Spain, June 16-18, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheung, J., 2008. The Arts-in-Education Programme, in: Joubert, L. (Ed.), Educating in the Arts: The Asian Experience: Twenty-Four Essays. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Minerals Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Alaskan Town Set To Become First Community In The US To Relocate Due To Climate Change [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. S. 1490, a Bill To Authorize the Administrator of General Services To Enter Into Multiyear Leases Through Use of the Automatic Data Processing Fund Without Obligating the Total Anticipated Payments To Be Made Under Such Leases (No. FGMSD-77-48). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahmani, M., 2017. On the calculation of time-domain impulse-response of systems from band-limited scattering-parameters using wavelet transform (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. Keeper of the Family Stories. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angel, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Angel, 2001; Cranch and Foster, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cranch and Foster, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Araújo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMinerals Engineering
AbbreviationMiner. Eng.
ISSN (print)0892-6875
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Control and Systems Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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