How to format your references using the Minerals Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Minerals Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackenzie, D., 2000. MATHEMATICS: Taking the Measure of the Wildest Dance on Earth. Science 290, 1883–1884.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt, T.L., Lipo, C.P., 2006. Late colonization of Easter Island. Science 311, 1603–1606.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ryu, H.-W., Park, C.-W., Ryu, K.-Y., 2014. Disruption of polyubiquitin gene Ubb causes dysregulation of neural stem cell differentiation with premature gliogenesis. Sci. Rep. 4, 7026.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pearce, E.L., Walsh, M.C., Cejas, P.J., Harms, G.M., Shen, H., Wang, L.-S., Jones, R.G., Choi, Y., 2009. Enhancing CD8 T-cell memory by modulating fatty acid metabolism. Nature 460, 103–107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoican, F., Olaru, S., 2013. Set-theoretic Fault-tolerant Control in Multisensor Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Zhang, D.-P. (Ed.), 2014. Abscisic Acid: Metabolism, Transport and Signaling. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Panhuyzen-Goedkoop, N.M., Smeets, J.L.R.M., 2009. A 23-Year-Old Top-Level Soccer Player Suffering Syncope on Effort, in: Pelliccia, A. (Ed.), Sports Cardiology Casebook. Springer, London, pp. 35–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Minerals Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Owl-Inspired Tech Could Make Wind Turbines Quieter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Small Business Innovation Research: Information on Awards Made by NIH and DoD in Fiscal Years 2001 through 2004 (No. GAO-06-565). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arendse, E.M., 2014. A textual Caribbean: Voices of the multitude in Junot Díaz’s The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liptak, A., 2017. Justices Reject 2 Districts In North Carolina, Citing Packing of Black Voters. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackenzie, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hunt and Lipo, 2006; Mackenzie, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunt and Lipo, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Pearce et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMinerals Engineering
AbbreviationMiner. Eng.
ISSN (print)0892-6875
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Control and Systems Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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