How to format your references using the Minerals Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Minerals Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McMurray, B., 2007. Defusing the childhood vocabulary explosion. Science 317, 631.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frégnac, Y., Laurent, G., 2014. Neuroscience: Where is the brain in the Human Brain Project? Nature 513, 27–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
Preis, T., Moat, H.S., Stanley, H.E., 2013. Quantifying trading behavior in financial markets using Google Trends. Sci. Rep. 3, 1684.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Su, H.T., Hsu, R.R., Chen, A.B., Wang, Y.C., Hsiao, W.S., Lai, W.C., Lee, L.C., Sato, M., Fukunishi, H., 2003. Gigantic jets between a thundercloud and the ionosphere. Nature 423, 974–976.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chitty, J., Raftery, A., 2013. Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Dershowitz, N., Nissan, E. (Eds.), 2014. Language, Culture, Computation. Computational Linguistics and Linguistics: Essays Dedicated to Yaacov Choueka on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday, Part III, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanser, C., Slamanig, D., 2013. Warrant-Hiding Delegation-by-Certificate Proxy Signature Schemes, in: Paul, G., Vaudenay, S. (Eds.), Progress in Cryptology – INDOCRYPT 2013: 14th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Mumbai, India, December 7-10, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 60–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Minerals Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. 3D Cancer Vaccine Recruits Infection-Fighting Cells [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Family Planning: Federal Funds Provided to Planned Parenthood Organizations (No. HEHS-98-171R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monosky, K.A., 2010. Perceived effectiveness and utility of various EMS credentials (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. A DELICATE BALANCE: Issues -- AIDS; AIDS Speech Brings Hush to Crowd. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McMurray, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Frégnac and Laurent, 2014; McMurray, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frégnac and Laurent, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Su et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMinerals Engineering
AbbreviationMiner. Eng.
ISSN (print)0892-6875
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Control and Systems Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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