How to format your references using the Theoretical Chemistry Accounts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical Chemistry Accounts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klug A (2001) Structural biology. A marvellous machine for making messages. Science 292:1844–1846
A journal article with 2 authors
Hector A, Bagchi R (2007) Biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality. Nature 448:188–190
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiske ST, Harris LT, Cuddy AJC (2004) Social psychology. Why ordinary people torture enemy prisoners. Science 306:1482–1483
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kowalewski M, Hoffmeister AP, Baumiller TK, Bambach RK (2005) Secondary evolutionary escalation between brachiopods and enemies of other prey. Science 308:1774–1777

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sapienza AM (2004) Managing Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Nishigaki M, Jøsang A, Murayama Y, Marsh S (2010) Trust Management IV: 4th IFIP WG 11.11 International Conference, IFIPTM 2010, Morioka, Japan, June 16-18, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Birch S, Alraek T, Kim KH, Lee MS (2016) Placebo-Controlled Trials in Acupuncture: Problems and Solutions. In: Leung S-W, Hu H (eds) Evidence-based Research Methods for Chinese Medicine. Springer, Singapore, pp 55–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical Chemistry Accounts.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) How Internet Porn Affects Romantic Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) The Congress Should Clearly Define the National Weather Service’s Role To Provide Specialized Weather Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vallaster JR (2019) Recognizing and Supporting the Forgotten Poverty Frontier: Exploring Suburban School Poverty in Elementary Schools. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Putting It Together, Piece by Piece. New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical Chemistry Accounts
AbbreviationTheor. Chem. Acc.
ISSN (print)1432-881X
ISSN (online)1432-2234
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry

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