How to format your references using the American Journal of Health Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Health Behavior (AJHB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reid IN. Brown dwarfs. Failed stars or overachieving planets? Science 2002;296:2154–2155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Das RM, Storey KG. Apical abscission alters cell polarity and dismantles the primary cilium during neurogenesis. Science 2014;343:200–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melis AP, Hare B, Tomasello M. Chimpanzees recruit the best collaborators. Science 2006;311:1297–1300.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xie D-Y, Sharma SB, Paiva NL, et al. Role of anthocyanidin reductase, encoded by BANYULS in plant flavonoid biosynthesis. Science 2003;299:396–399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin DA. Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2006.
An edited book
Cho WCS, (Ed). Evidence-based Anticancer Materia Medica. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
van der Sloot B, Zuiderveen Borgesius F. Google and Personal Data Protection. In Lopez-Tarruella A, (Ed) Google and the Law: Empirical Approaches to Legal Aspects of Knowledge-Economy Business Models. Information Technology and Law Series. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press 2012:75–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Health Behavior.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. A March For Science Will Take Place Around The World On April 22. Here’s How To Get Involved. IFLScience 2017. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DFAS Telecommunications: DFAS Has the Opportunity To Reduce Its Telecommunication Line Capacity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Usborne EL. Sediment and phosphorus dynamics behind weirs in agricultural drainage ditches. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved J. Custom Suits At Accessible Prices. New York Times. July 12, 2017:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
AbbreviationAm. J. Health Behav.
ISSN (print)1945-7359
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles