How to format your references using the American Journal of Health Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Health Behavior (AJHB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pockley P. Tax blow leaves Australian science reeling. Nature 2000;405:387.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Di Domizio J, Gilliet M. SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY. Designer cells finely tuned for therapy. Science 2015;350:1478–1479.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hines PJ, Wible B, McCartney M. Science, language, and literacy. Learning to read, reading to learn. Introduction. Science 2010;328:447.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Horiuchi S, Okimoto Y, Kumai R, Tokura Y. Quantum phase transition in organic charge-transfer complexes. Science 2003;299:229–232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Barton LL, Northup DE. Microbial Ecology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2011.
An edited book
1.
McAleer J, Petley C, (Eds). The Royal Navy and the British Atlantic World, c. 1750–1820. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yeung MJ, Pasieka JL. Surgical Management of Primary Hyperparathyroidism. In A KMA, Clark OH, (Eds) Handbook of Parathyroid Diseases: A Case-Based Practical Guide. Boston, MA: Springer US 2012:75–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Health Behavior.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Transformations Of The Teenage Brain Reveal How Mental Disorders Arise. IFLScience 2016. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/transformations-teenage-brain-reveal-how-mental-disorders-arise/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: With Costs Increasing and Data Continuity at Risk, Improvements Needed in Tri-agency Decision Making. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lewis SS. Identification of Stress-Responsive Genes in the Early Larval Stage of the Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Baker KJ. White-Collar Supremacy. New York Times. November 25, 2016:A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
AbbreviationAm. J. Health Behav.
ISSN (print)1945-7359
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

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