How to format your references using the American Journal of Health Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Health Behavior (AJHB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Engelman DM. Membranes are more mosaic than fluid. Nature 2005;438:578–580.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Daily GC, Walker BH. Seeking the great transition. Nature 2000;403:243–245.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Healy LL, Cronin JG, Sheldon IM. Endometrial cells sense and react to tissue damage during infection of the bovine endometrium via interleukin 1. Sci Rep 2014;4:7060.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Nunoura T, Chikaraishi Y, Izaki R, et al. A primordial and reversible TCA cycle in a facultatively chemolithoautotrophic thermophile. Science 2018;359:559–563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lee JC, McCormick NJ. Risk and Safety Analysis of Nuclear Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2011.
An edited book
1.
Tryfonas T, (Ed). Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy, and Trust: 4th International Conference, HAS 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17-22, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Babé A, Labbé D, Monot F, et al. Biodegradability of Oxygenates by Microflora from MTBE-Contaminated Sites: New Molecular Tools. In Barceló D, (Ed) Fuel Oxygenates. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2007:75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Health Behavior.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Revealed: Asteroid That Killed The Dinosaurs Boiled The Earth’s Atmosphere. IFLScience 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/revealed-asteroid-killed-dinosaurs-boiled-earth-s-atmosphere/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Monitoring Practices To Show Compliance With Speed Limits Should Be Reexamined. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Prochorchik VL. Increasing infant mental health awareness. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M. Amid Storm Recovery, Marathon Expo Opens Doors to Runners. New York Times. November 2, 2012:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
AbbreviationAm. J. Health Behav.
ISSN (print)1945-7359
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

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