How to format your references using the Global Business Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Business Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, A. (2013). IBI* series winner. Radiation and atomic literacy for nonscientists. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6157), 436–437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayley, H., & Cremer, P. S. (2001). Stochastic sensors inspired by biology. Nature, 413(6852), 226–230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen, L. K., Bjørnholm, T., & Mouritsen, O. G. (2000). Fluctuations caught in the act. Nature, 404(6776), 352.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yan, S., Dong, J., Zheng, A., & Zhang, X. (2014). Chip-integrated optical power limiter based on an all-passive micro-ring resonator. Scientific reports, 4, 6676.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kromidas, S. (2014). Der HPLC-Experte. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Skalna, I. (2015). Advances in Fuzzy Decision Making: Theory and Practice. (B. Rębiasz, B. Gaweł, B. Basiura, J. Duda, J. Opiła, & T. Pełech-Pilichowski, Eds.) (Vol. 333). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hammerman, M. R. (2011). Frontiers in Organ Transplantation. In H. Liapis & H. L. Wang (Eds.), Pathology of Solid Organ Transplantation (pp. 57–74). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Business Perspectives.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 4). Universal Pattern Governs Ratio Of Predators To Prey. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Federal Funding Mechanisms in Support of University Research (No. 129326). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wenger, M. C. (2011). Free-choice family learning experiences at informal astronomy observing events (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K., Das, A., & Lyall, S. (2017, February 14). The Winner, in a Comeback. New York Times, p. B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bayley and Cremer 2001; Johnson 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bayley and Cremer 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Business Perspectives
AbbreviationGlob. Bus. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2194-0061
ISSN (online)2194-007X

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