How to format your references using the Global Business Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Business Perspectives (J of International Network of Bus and Manag). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lander, G. H. (2003). Physics. Sensing electrons on the edge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5636), 1057–1059.
A journal article with 2 authors
Malakoff, D., & Cho, A. (2000). MILITARY RESEARCH: Researchers Target Flaws in Ballistic Missile Defense Plan. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5473), 1940–1941.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jackson, B. A., Bikson, T. K., & Gunn, P. P. (2013). Science and law. Human subjects protection and research on terrorism and conflict. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6131), 434–435.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jean-Baptiste, P., Petit, J. R., Lipenkov, V. Y., Raynaud, D., & Barkov, N. I. (2001). Constraints on hydrothermal processes and water exchange in Lake Vostok from helium isotopes. Nature, 411(6836), 460–462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Danby, F. W. (2014). Acne. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Medhi, D., Nogueira, J. M., Pfeifer, T., & Wu, S. F. (Eds.). (2007). IP Operations and Management: 7th IEEE International Workshop, IPOM 2007 San José, USA, October 31 - November 2, 2007 Proceedings (Vol. 4786). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Riehle, K. J., & Fausto, N. (2014). Mechanisms of Liver Injury. In K. F. Murray & S. Horslen (Eds.), Diseases of the Liver in Children: Evaluation and Management (pp. 67–83). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Business Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 9). Ivory And Saving Elephants: How Corruption Is Undermining Every Aspect Of Conservation. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Use of Office and Administration Space at DOD Installations (No. 092739). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nasiriamini, S. (2010). The need for adaptive network application architectures (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M., & Saulny, S. (2010, May 22). A Tragedy in Detroit, With a Reality TV Crew in Tow. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lander 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Lander 2003, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Malakoff and Cho 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Jean-Baptiste et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Business Perspectives
AbbreviationGlob. Bus. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2194-0061
ISSN (online)2194-007X

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