How to format your references using the Global Business Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Business Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lake, J. A. (2007). Disappearing act. Nature, 446(7139), 983.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olson, E. L., & Allen, R. M. (2005). The deterministic nature of earthquake rupture. Nature, 438(7065), 212–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sampat, B. N., Shadlen, K. C., & Amin, T. M. (2012). Intellectual property. Challenges to India’s pharmaceutical patent laws. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6093), 414–415.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pastalkova, E., Itskov, V., Amarasingham, A., & Buzsáki, G. (2008). Internally generated cell assembly sequences in the rat hippocampus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5894), 1322–1327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akiba, K.-Y. (2011). Organo Main Group Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rehm, G., & Uszkoreit, H. (Eds.). (2012). The Basque Language in the Digital Age. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Frederich, O., Bunge, U., Mockett, C., & Thiele, F. (2009). Flow Prediction Around an Oscillating NACA0012 Airfoil at Re = 1,000,000. In M. Braza & K. Hourigan (Eds.), IUTAM Symposium on Unsteady Separated Flows and their Control: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium “Unsteady Separated Flows and their Control“, Corfu, Greece, 18–22 June 2007 (pp. 49–62). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Business Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 19). The Australian’s Campaign Against Wind Farms Continues But The Research Doesn’t Stack Up. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures (No. RCED-86-162BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, D. C. (2008). A measurement of the neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic cross section at MiniBooNE (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, October 28). A Collection’s First E-Sale. New York Times, p. E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lake 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lake 2007; Olson and Allen 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olson and Allen 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Pastalkova et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Business Perspectives
AbbreviationGlob. Bus. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2194-0061
ISSN (online)2194-007X

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