How to format your references using the Global Business Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Business Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garwood, R. (2014). Uprooting researchers can drive them out of science. Nature, 510(7505), 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheung, G. Y. C., & Otto, M. (2015). Microbiology: Diverted on the way to memory. Nature, 517(7532), 28–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thompson, J. K., Rainville, S., & Pritchard, D. E. (2004). Cyclotron frequency shifts arising from polarization forces. Nature, 430(6995), 58–61.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kicheva, A., Pantazis, P., Bollenbach, T., Kalaidzidis, Y., Bittig, T., Jülicher, F., & González-Gaitán, M. (2007). Kinetics of morphogen gradient formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5811), 521–525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barquinha, P., Martins, R., Pereira, L., & Fortunato, E. (2012). Transparent Oxide Electronics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Held, L. (2014). Applied Statistical Inference: Likelihood and Bayes. (D. Sabanés Bové, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hennigs, N., Karampournioti, E., & Wiedmann, K.-P. (2016). Do as You Would Be Done by: The Importance of Animal Welfare in the Global Beauty Care Industry. In S. S. Muthu & M. A. Gardetti (Eds.), Green Fashion: Volume 1 (pp. 109–125). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Business Perspectives.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 1). Why Running Could Keep You Awake At Night. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). [Comments on Use of Frequent Flyer Credits] (No. B-256481). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maldonado, A. (2012). Incorporating abilities awareness into a bullying prevention program (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2011, July 10). Packard, 81, Is a Youngster to Its Driver. New York Times, p. AU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garwood 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cheung and Otto 2015; Garwood 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheung and Otto 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kicheva et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Business Perspectives
AbbreviationGlob. Bus. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2194-0061
ISSN (online)2194-007X

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