How to format your references using the Global Business Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Business Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G. (2002). Cosmology: it all adds up. Nature, 420(6917), 731–732.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vinnakota, R. K., & Genov, D. A. (2014). Terahertz optoelectronics with surface plasmon polariton diode. Scientific reports, 4, 4899.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuba, H., Ishii, T. M., & Ohmori, H. (2006). Axonal site of spike initiation enhances auditory coincidence detection. Nature, 444(7122), 1069–1072.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Drin, G., Morello, V., Casella, J.-F., Gounon, P., & Antonny, B. (2008). Asymmetric tethering of flat and curved lipid membranes by a golgin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5876), 670–673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, D. W. (2014). Risk Management in Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chiuso, A., Fortuna, L., Frasca, M., Rizzo, A., Schenato, L., & Zampieri, S. (Eds.). (2009). Modelling, Estimation and Control of Networked Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Woodrow-Lafield, K. A. (2012). A Sociology of Official Unauthorized Statistics: Estimation or Guesstimation? In N. Hoque & D. A. Swanson (Eds.), Opportunities and Challenges for Applied Demography in the 21st Century (pp. 49–80). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Business Perspectives.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 15). Badly-Designed Animal Experiments Might Over Exaggerate Benefits Of New Drugs Trialed. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Title I: Although Definitions of Administrative Expenditures Vary, Almost All Districts Studied Spent Less Than 10 Percent on Administration (No. GAO-03-386). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ploehs, J. R. (2009). The literacy benefits of middle school tutors who tutor emergent readers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, December 28). Clinton Set for a Vacation Of Sports and Lots of Talk. New York Times, p. D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel 2002; Vinnakota and Genov 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vinnakota and Genov 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Drin et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Business Perspectives
AbbreviationGlob. Bus. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2194-0061
ISSN (online)2194-007X

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