How to format your references using the Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vedral, V.: Quantifying entanglement in macroscopic systems. Nature. 453, 1004–1007 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Choi, Y.J., Lee, S.Y.: Microbial production of short-chain alkanes. Nature. 502, 571–574 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubin, K.H., Fletcher, C.H., 3rd, Sherman, C.: Fossiliferous Lana’i deposits formed by multiple events rather than a single giant tsunami. Nature. 408, 675–681 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kalodimos, C.G., Biris, N., Bonvin, A.M.J.J., Levandoski, M.M., Guennuegues, M., Boelens, R., Kaptein, R.: Structure and flexibility adaptation in nonspecific and specific protein-DNA complexes. Science. 305, 386–389 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simko, S.P.: Strategic Fixed Income Investing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012)
An edited book
Acampora, G., Loia, V., Lee, C.-S., Wang, M.-H. eds: On the Power of Fuzzy Markup Language. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Handke, V., Jonuschat, H.: The CARRIVA Ridesharing Club. In: Jonuschat, H. (ed.) Flexible Ridesharing: New Opportunities and Service Concepts for Sustainable Mobility. pp. 41–57. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Rock Gobies Only Need a Minute to Change Color


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Supercomputers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deshotel, M.W.: Enhancing Undergraduate Water Resources Engineering Education Using Data and Modeling Resources Situated in Real-world Ecosystems: Design Principles and Challenges for Scaling and Sustainability, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J.: A Guide to Writing Guides, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics
AbbreviationTheor. Comput. Fluid Dyn.
ISSN (print)0935-4964
ISSN (online)1432-2250
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles