How to format your references using the Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Andolfatto, P.: Adaptive evolution of non-coding DNA in Drosophila. Nature. 437, 1149–1152 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, J.R.A., Kier, W.M.: Biomechanics: a pneumo-hydrostatic skeleton in land crabs. Nature. 440, 1005 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bliss, T.V.P., Collingridge, G.L., Laroche, S.: Neuroscience. ZAP and ZIP, a story to forget. Science. 313, 1058–1059 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Randau, L., Münch, R., Hohn, M.J., Jahn, D., Söll, D.: Nanoarchaeum equitans creates functional tRNAs from separate genes for their 5’- and 3’-halves. Nature. 433, 537–541 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port, M.: Beyond Booked Solid. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008)
An edited book
Yang, L.: Spatio-Temporal Data Analytics for Wind Energy Integration. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Bertola, P., Harfoush, N., Vacca, F.: Charting Interdisciplinary Innovation Programs: Map of Experiences. In: Banerjee, B. and Ceri, S. (eds.) Creating Innovation Leaders: A Global Perspective. pp. 105–123. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Lava Flow In Hawaii Incinerates Its First House,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Activities at the Regional Finance and Data Processing Center in Paris, France. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1971)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Becker, M.: Women’s Descriptions Six Months Post Notification of Positive BRCA 1/2 Genetic Mutations, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Bruce Arrived in Camp Expecting to Stay With Team, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics
AbbreviationTheor. Comput. Fluid Dyn.
ISSN (print)0935-4964
ISSN (online)1432-2250
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
General Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Condensed Matter Physics

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