How to format your references using the Crop Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Detrick, R.S., 2000. Seafloor spreading. Portrait of a magma chamber. Nature 406, 578–579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubin, E.M., Tall, A., 2000. Perspectives for vascular genomics. Nature 407, 265–269.
A journal article with 3 authors
Simon, P., Gogotsi, Y., Dunn, B., 2014. Materials science. Where do batteries end and supercapacitors begin? Science 343, 1210–1211.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kong, M., Fox, C.J., Mu, J., Solt, L., Xu, A., Cinalli, R.M., Birnbaum, M.J., Lindsten, T., Thompson, C.B., 2004. The PP2A-associated protein alpha4 is an essential inhibitor of apoptosis. Science 306, 695–698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Narang, R.K., 2013. Inside the Black Box. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zhang, L., Allanore, A., Wang, C., Yurko, J.A., Crapps, J. (Eds.), 2016. Materials Processing Fundamentals. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Georgiev, T., 2006. Covariant Derivatives and Vision, in: Leonardis, A., Bischof, H., Pinz, A. (Eds.), Computer Vision – ECCV 2006: 9th European Conference on Computer Vision, Graz, Austria, May 7-13, 2006, Proceedings, Part IV, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 56–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Protection.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Wasps and honeybees can remember individual faces [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1968. Opportunity For Savings In Space Programs By Reevaluating Needs Before Buying Facilities (No. B-164027). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramotar-John, B.P., 2014. Supplementing soybean meal with Camelina (Camelina sativa) in tilapia diets and optimizing commercial tilapia diets for use in intensive systems in the Western region of the United States (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. It’s Time to Retrieve Time’s Time Capsule. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Detrick, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Detrick, 2000; Rubin and Tall, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubin and Tall, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kong et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Protection
AbbreviationCrop Prot.
ISSN (print)0261-2194
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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