How to format your references using the Crop Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gleick, P.H., 2003. Global freshwater resources: soft-path solutions for the 21st century. Science 302, 1524–1528.
A journal article with 2 authors
Genet, C., Ebbesen, T.W., 2007. Light in tiny holes. Nature 445, 39–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tremblay, S., Shiller, D.M., Ostry, D.J., 2003. Somatosensory basis of speech production. Nature 423, 866–869.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schueler, M.G., Higgins, A.W., Rudd, M.K., Gustashaw, K., Willard, H.F., 2001. Genomic and genetic definition of a functional human centromere. Science 294, 109–115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Esmailzadeh, R., 2016. Broadband Telecommunications Technologies and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Streitz, N., Stephanidis, C. (Eds.), 2013. Distributed, Ambient, and Pervasive Interactions: First International Conference, DAPI 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Patel, M., Nagl, S., 2010. Complexity and Model Integration: Formalisations, in: Nagl, S. (Ed.), The Role of Model Integration in Complex Systems Modelling: An Example from Cancer Biology, Understanding Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Protection.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Watch Flesh-Eating Beetles Strip A Body To The Bone [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates (No. GAO-14-152). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sydow, K., 2010. A life review and Memory Album program to enhance family communication in assisted living (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017. Dozens Said To Be Killed In Bombing Of ISIS Prison. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gleick, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Genet and Ebbesen, 2007; Gleick, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Genet and Ebbesen, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Schueler et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Protection
AbbreviationCrop Prot.
ISSN (print)0261-2194
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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