How to format your references using the Crop Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swaminathan, M.S., 2009. Obituary: Norman E. Borlaug (1914-2009). Nature 461, 894.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zampieri, N., Chao, M.V., 2004. Structural biology. The p75 NGF receptor exposed. Science 304, 833–834.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halpern, B.S., Cottenie, K., Broitman, B.R., 2006. Strong top-down control in southern California kelp forest ecosystems. Science 312, 1230–1232.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
de Pater, I., Hammel, H.B., Gibbard, S.G., Showalter, M.R., 2006. New dust belts of Uranus: one ring, two ring, red ring, blue ring. Science 312, 92–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ekenna, O., 2016. Cases in Clinical Infectious Disease Practice: Obtaining a good history from the patient remains the cornerstone of an accurate clinical diagnosis: Lessons learned in many years of clinical practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rosa, M.J., Sarrico, C.S., Tavares, O., Amaral, A. (Eds.), 2016. Cross-Border Higher Education and Quality Assurance: Commerce, the Services Directive and Governing Higher Education, Issues in Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Jögi, A., 2015. Tumour Hypoxia and the Hypoxia-Inducible Transcription Factors: Key Players in Cancer Progression and Metastasis, in: Mazurek, S., Shoshan, M. (Eds.), Tumor Cell Metabolism: Pathways, Regulation and Biology. Springer, Vienna, pp. 65–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Protection.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Here Are Gifs Of Crash Test Dummies In An Airplane To Remind You That Things Are Terrible [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Designing Evaluations: A Workbook (No. 129366). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mersch, C., 2012. Campus-based drunk-driving intervention program: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wallace, N., 2016. The G.O.P. Waits for Trump to Grow Up. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swaminathan, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Swaminathan, 2009; Zampieri and Chao, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zampieri and Chao, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (de Pater et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Protection
AbbreviationCrop Prot.
ISSN (print)0261-2194
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

Other styles