How to format your references using the Crop Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R.A., 2000. EARTH SCIENCE: Did Volcanoes Drive Ancient Extinctions? Science 289, 1130–1131.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang, A.S., Tan, C.Y.H., 2010. Science and society. Achieving scientific eminence within Asia. Science 329, 1471–1472.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bandyopadhyay, P.R., Leinhos, H.A., Hellum, A.M., 2013. Handedness helps homing in swimming and flying animals. Sci. Rep. 3, 1128.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, K., Cole, J., Conger, C., Draskovic, J., Lohr, M., Klein, K., Scheidemantel, T., Schiffer, P., 2006. Granular materials: packing grains by thermal cycling. Nature 442, 257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisk, P., 2013. Chemical Risk Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Zhang, K., 2015. Security and Privacy for Mobile Healthcare Networks, Wireless Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chakrabarty, S., 2007. Do Social Labeling NGOs Have Any Influence on Child Labor?, in: Grote, U., Basu, A.K., Chau, N.H. (Eds.), New Frontiers in Environmental and Social Labeling, Sustainability and Innovation. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp. 59–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Protection.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Cracks in Pluto’s Moon Reveal Underground Ocean [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Surface Transportation: Strategies Are Available for Making Existing Road Infrastructure Perform Better (No. GAO-07-920). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chalmers, T.D., 2009. The social context of advertising: Authenticity, social identity, and reflected appraisals (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Company Town. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Huang and Tan, 2010; Kerr, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huang and Tan, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Protection
AbbreviationCrop Prot.
ISSN (print)0261-2194
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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