How to format your references using the Crop Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brandenberger, R., 2007. Astronomy. A texture in the sky? Science 318, 1560–1561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maroteaux, M., Mameli, M., 2011. Neuroscience. Synaptic switch and social status. Science 334, 608–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gratson, G.M., Xu, M., Lewis, J.A., 2004. Microperiodic structures: direct writing of three-dimensional webs. Nature 428, 386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Navarre, W.W., Porwollik, S., Wang, Y., McClelland, M., Rosen, H., Libby, S.J., Fang, F.C., 2006. Selective silencing of foreign DNA with low GC content by the H-NS protein in Salmonella. Science 313, 236–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hyatt, T.K., Hopkins, B.R., 2013. The Law of Tax-Exempt Healthcare Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Feldman, E.L., 2005. Atlas of Neuromuscular Diseases: A Practical Guideline. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Basseda, R., Kifer, M., 2015. Planning with Regression Analysis in Transaction Logic, in: ten Cate, B., Mileo, A. (Eds.), Web Reasoning and Rule Systems: 9th International Conference, RR 2015, Berlin, Germany, August 4-5, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Protection.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Climate Change Threatens Global Health [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Telecommunications: Impact of Sports Programming Costs on Cable Television Rates (No. RCED-99-136). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dawood, A.A., 2010. Relationship between mental health and treatment seeking in an urban Muslim community (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Rebooting Pensions. New York Times F14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brandenberger, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brandenberger, 2007; Maroteaux and Mameli, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maroteaux and Mameli, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Navarre et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Protection
AbbreviationCrop Prot.
ISSN (print)0261-2194
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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