How to format your references using the Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edery I. Circadian rhythms. Temperatures to communicate by. Science. 2010 Oct;330(6002):329–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moyle LC, Nakazato T. Hybrid incompatibility “snowballs” between Solanum species. Science. 2010 Sep;329(5998):1521–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irvine WTM, Vitelli V, Chaikin PM. Pleats in crystals on curved surfaces. Nature. 2010 Dec;468(7326):947–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hemphill DD, McIlwraith CW, Samulski RJ, Goodrich LR. Adeno-associated viral vectors show serotype specific transduction of equine joint tissue explants and cultured monolayers. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul;4:5861.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson RC. The Hedge Fund Book. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Hackl K, editor. IUTAM Symposium on Variational Concepts with Applications to the Mechanics of Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Variational Concepts with Applications to the Mechanics of Materials, Bochum, Germany, September 22-26, 2008. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Billinton R, Gao Y, Huang D, Karki R. Adequacy Assessment of Wind-Integrated Composite Generation and Transmission Systems. In: Anders G, Vaccaro A, editors. Innovations in Power Systems Reliability. London: Springer; 2011; pp 141–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Brain Samples Of Nazi Victims Found In Major German Research Institute [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Sep [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Aero-Space Plane: Key Issues Facing the Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schick VR. Examining the vulva: The relationship between female genital aesthetic perceptions and gynecological care. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hay G. Measuring Risks at Europe’s Banks. New York Times. 2011 Nov;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDermatology
ISSN (print)1018-8665
ISSN (online)1421-9832

Other styles