How to format your references using the Theoretical and Applied Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Applied Genetics (Theor Appl Genet). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sachs J (2009) Recession Watch: Boost the developing world. Nature 457:958
A journal article with 2 authors
Sepúlveda J, Murray C (2014) The state of global health in 2014. Science 345:1275–1278
A journal article with 3 authors
Waterhouse PM, Wang MB, Lough T (2001) Gene silencing as an adaptive defence against viruses. Nature 411:834–842
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wei J-T, Huang W-H, Du C-W, et al (2014) Clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of young breast cancers in Eastern Guangdong of China. Sci Rep 4:5360

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bucci D (2017) Analog Electronics for Measuring Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zhan J, Han R, Zicari RV (eds) (2016) Big Data Benchmarks, Performance Optimization, and Emerging Hardware: 6th Workshop, BPOE 2015, Kohala, HI, USA, August 31 - September 4, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Markle RS, Splett JW, Maras MA, Weston KJ (2014) Effective School Teams: Benefits, Barriers, and Best Practices. In: Weist MD, Lever NA, Bradshaw CP, Owens JS (eds) Handbook of School Mental Health: Research, Training, Practice, and Policy. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 59–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Applied Genetics.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Pythons know their way home. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Controls Over Nonimmigrant Aliens Remain Ineffective. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Teeter CM (2010) Characterizing the Spatial Density Functions of Neural Arbors. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2011) The Burden Of Pensions On States. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sachs 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Sachs 2009, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sepúlveda and Murray 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Applied Genetics
AbbreviationZüchter Genet. Breed. Res.
ISSN (print)0040-5752
ISSN (online)1432-2242
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Biotechnology
Genetics
General Medicine

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