# How to format your references using the Mammalian Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammalian Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lipton SA (2004) Turning down, but not off. Nature 428:473
A journal article with 2 authors
Grüter T, Carbon C-C (2010) Neuroscience. Escaping attention. Science 328:435–436
A journal article with 3 authors
Rikkinen J, Oksanen I, Lohtander K (2002) Lichen guilds share related cyanobacterial symbionts. Science 297:357
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lénárt P, Bacher CP, Daigle N, et al (2005) A contractile nuclear actin network drives chromosome congression in oocytes. Nature 436:812–818

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King AM (2011) Internal Control of Fixed Assets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pineda JA (ed) (2009) Mirror Neuron Systems: The Role of Mirroring Processes in Social Cognition. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Clerbout N, Rahman S (2015) Building a Winning $$\mathbf {P}$$ P -strategy Out of a CTT Demonstration. In: Rahman S (ed) Linking Game-Theoretical Approaches with Constructive Type Theory: Dialogical Strategies, CTT demonstrations and the Axiom of Choice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 87–96

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammalian Genome.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Russian Researchers Find A Secret Nazi-Era Arctic Weather Station. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/russian-researchers-find-a-secret-naziera-arctic-weather-station/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Education Research: Further Improvements Needed to Ensure Relevance and Assess Dissemination Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baxter JM (2010) Enantioselective Mannich-type Reactions Promoted by Strained Silane Lewis Acids: Selective Generation of Two Contiguous Stereocenters and Entry into a Novel Class of Pyrrolidines. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casey N, Abad S (2017) Pope Francis Visits Colombia, Where Even Peace Is Polarizing. New York Times A4

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lipton 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lipton 2004; Grüter and Carbon 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

• Two authors: (Grüter and Carbon 2010)
• Three or more authors: (Lénárt et al. 2005)