How to format your references using the Mammalian Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammalian Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shi SH (2001) Amersham Biosciences & Science Prize. AMPA receptor dynamics and synaptic plasticity. Science 294:1851–1852
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonilla LL, Carpio A (2012) Materials science. Driving dislocations in graphene. Science 337:161–162
A journal article with 3 authors
Bolmatov D, Musaev ET, Trachenko K (2013) Symmetry breaking gives rise to energy spectra of three states of matter. Sci Rep 3:2794
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Papadopoulos P, Ivison R, Carilli C, Lewis G (2001) A massive reservoir of low-excitation molecular gas at high redshift. Nature 409:58–60

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banerjee S, Lawrence V (2010) Managing Dementia in a Multicultural Society. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Richards D, Kang BH (eds) (2012) Knowledge Management and Acquisition for Intelligent Systems: 12th Pacific Rim Knowledge Acquisition Workshop, PKAW 2012, Kuching, Malaysia, September 5-6, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Casanovas P, Zeleznikow J (2014) Online Dispute Resolution and Models of Relational Law and Justice: A Table of Ethical Principles. In: Casanovas P, Pagallo U, Palmirani M, Sartor G (eds) AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems: AICOL 2013 International Workshops, AICOL-IV@IVR, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, July 21-27, 2013 and AICOL-V@SINTELNET-JURIX, Bologna, Italy, December 11, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 54–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammalian Genome.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Dwarf Galaxies Made Half The Stars In The Early Universe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Student Loans: Direct Loans Could Save Money and Simplify Program Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holler JC (2015) A phenomenological case study of finding meaning through the developmental nature of a doctoral program in organization change. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Ariana Grande To Perform Benefit. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shi 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Shi 2001; Bonilla and Carpio 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bonilla and Carpio 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Papadopoulos et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammalian Genome
AbbreviationMamm. Genome
ISSN (print)0938-8990
ISSN (online)1432-1777

Other styles