How to format your references using the Mammalian Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammalian Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker DN (2000) Keeping editors in line. Science 289:550b
A journal article with 2 authors
Miltat J, Thiaville A (2000) MAGNETISM: Magnets Fast and Small. Science 290:466–467
A journal article with 3 authors
Marshall CH, Pielke RA Sr, Steyaert LT (2003) Wetlands: crop freezes and land-use change in Florida. Nature 426:29–30
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Turtle EP, Perry JE, Hayes AG, et al (2011) Rapid and extensive surface changes near Titan’s equator: evidence of April showers. Science 331:1414–1417

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michael E, Gillian H, Stefan K, Alex L (2012) Gramsci. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Daley DJ (2008) An Introduction to the Theory of Point Processes: Volume II: General Theory and Structure, 2nd edn. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
de Haas C, Ryan R (2016) Family Centered Care in a Health Care Setting. In: Rubin IL, Merrick J, Greydanus DE, Patel DR (eds) Health Care for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities across the Lifespan. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammalian Genome.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Microsoft Is Trying To “Solve” Cancer. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Aviation Safety: FAA Has Improved Its Removal Procedures for Pilot Examiners. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crossman DC (2008) The impact of safety culture on worker motivation and the economic bottom line. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2012) Moody’s Downgrade Deepens Puerto Rico’s Economic Problems. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2000; Miltat and Thiaville 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miltat and Thiaville 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Turtle et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammalian Genome
AbbreviationMamm. Genome
ISSN (print)0938-8990
ISSN (online)1432-1777

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