How to format your references using the Mammalian Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammalian Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weijer CJ (2003) Visualizing signals moving in cells. Science 300:96–100
A journal article with 2 authors
Fine M, Tchernov D (2007) Scleractinian coral species survive and recover from decalcification. Science 315:1811
A journal article with 3 authors
Jockers ML, Sag M, Schultz J (2012) Digital archives: Don’t let copyright block data mining. Nature 490:29–30
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Brooker RA, Du Z, Blundy JD, et al (2003) The “zero charge” partitioning behaviour of noble gases during mantle melting. Nature 423:738–741

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seifert RJ (2015) Profiting from Weekly Options. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lokuciejewski P (2011) Worst-Case Execution Time Aware Compilation Techniques for Real-Time Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
de Albuquerque JP, Isenberg H, Krumm H, de Geus PL (2005) Improving the Configuration Management of Large Network Security Systems. In: Schönwälder J, Serrat J (eds) Ambient Networks: 16th IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations and Management, DSOM 2005, Barcelona, Spain, October 24-26, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 36–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammalian Genome.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) Amazing Footage Of Great White Sticking Its Nose In A Shark Cage. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) ADP Budget Analysis: SSA’s Information Systems Funding for Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Foley JD (2012) Comparing Kac-Moody groups over the complex numbers and fields of positive characteristic via homotopy theory. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2017) Missing Tournament, Indiana Fires Coach. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weijer 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Weijer 2003; Fine and Tchernov 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fine and Tchernov 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Brooker et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammalian Genome
AbbreviationMamm. Genome
ISSN (print)0938-8990
ISSN (online)1432-1777

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