How to format your references using the Mammalian Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammalian Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fenton N (2011) Science and law: Improve statistics in court. Nature 479:36–37
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwarzman MR, Wilson MP (2009) Science and regulation. New science for chemicals policy. Science 326:1065–1066
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoon S-J, Yi SK, Lee Y-W (2006) Explaining the color distributions of globular cluster systems in elliptical galaxies. Science 311:1129–1132
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tzoneva G, Dieck CL, Oshima K, et al (2018) Clonal evolution mechanisms in NT5C2 mutant-relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Nature 553:511–514

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mamishev A, Williams S (2010) Technical Writing for Teams. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Decker BD, Dittmann J, Kraetzer C, Vielhauer C (eds) (2013) Communications and Multimedia Security: 14th IFIP TC 6/TC 11 International Conference, CMS 2013, Magdeburg, Germany, September 25-26, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bose C, Murray R (2014) Numerical Approximation of Conditionally Invariant Measures via Maximum Entropy. In: Bahsoun W, Bose C, Froyland G (eds) Ergodic Theory, Open Dynamics, and Coherent Structures. Springer, New York, NY, pp 81–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammalian Genome.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) No, There Are No Walled Cities On Mars. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) FTS2001: Improving the Revenue Estimation Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Betts K (2017) Ready, Steady, Putt! An Exhibition About the History of Miniature Golf in America. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson K, Shpigel B (2017) Supersized Payback Is in Sight. New York Times SP1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fenton 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Schwarzman and Wilson 2009; Fenton 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwarzman and Wilson 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Tzoneva et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammalian Genome
AbbreviationMamm. Genome
ISSN (print)0938-8990
ISSN (online)1432-1777

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