How to format your references using the Mammalian Genome citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammalian Genome. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D (2001) Public library set to turn publisher as boycott looms. Nature 412:469
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujii N, Graybiel AM (2003) Representation of action sequence boundaries by macaque prefrontal cortical neurons. Science 301:1246–1249
A journal article with 3 authors
Baum P, Yang D-S, Zewail AH (2007) 4D visualization of transitional structures in phase transformations by electron diffraction. Science 318:788–792
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Leibfried A, To JPC, Busch W, et al (2005) WUSCHEL controls meristem function by direct regulation of cytokinin-inducible response regulators. Nature 438:1172–1175

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cruz MG, Peters GW, Shevchenko PV (2015) Fundamental Aspects of Operational Risk and Insurance Analytics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Tidona C, Darai G (eds) (2011) The Springer Index of Viruses, 2nd edn. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Ranji M, Hadaegh AR (2009) Comprehensive Genetic Database of Expressed Sequence Tags for Coccolithophorids. In: Ao S-I, Rieger B, Chen S-S (eds) Advances in Computational Algorithms and Data Analysis. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammalian Genome.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) David Attenborough Signs Open Letter To End Experiments On Non-Human Primates. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Medical Education: Curriculum and Financing Strategies Need to Encourage Primary Care Training. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De la Pena Wing T (2010) Remembering Malintzin’s dream: A bridge between two cultures through language and love. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo K (2014) Skin in the Game. New York Times TR12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2001; Fujii and Graybiel 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujii and Graybiel 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Leibfried et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammalian Genome
AbbreviationMamm. Genome
ISSN (print)0938-8990
ISSN (online)1432-1777

Other styles