How to format your references using the Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Milonni PW. Quantum decay. A watched pot boils quicker. Nature. 2000;405(6786):525, 527.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Reichenbach A, Pannicke T. Neuroscience. A new glance at glia. Science. 2008;322(5902):693-694.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Branco T, Clark BA, Häusser M. Dendritic discrimination of temporal input sequences in cortical neurons. Science. 2010;329(5999):1671-1675.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ding L, Wang KJ, Wang W, Zhu DF, Yin CY, Liu JS. Experimental verification and investigation of disks scattering slab modes in metal-dielectric heterostructures. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2493.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bartoszyǹski R, Niewiadomska-Bugaj M. Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1.
Wang ZM, ed. MoS2: Materials, Physics, and Devices. Vol 21. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Babé A, Labbé D, Monot F, Greer CW, Fayolle-Guichard F. Biodegradability of Oxygenates by Microflora from MTBE-Contaminated Sites: New Molecular Tools. In: Barceló D, ed. Fuel Oxygenates. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:75-98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Probe Spots 101 Geysers On Icy Saturn Moon. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/probe-spots-101-geysers-icy-saturn-moon/. Published July 29, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Award of Grant by the San Francisco Operations Office of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration for the Energy Awareness Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Walsh CT. Molecular Pharmacodynamics of Chemotherapy: Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) Inhibitors as Chemosensitizers. 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Neuman W. Colombian Rebels Call Unilateral Truce. New York Times. December 18, 2014:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Epidemiology and Global Health
AbbreviationClin. Epidemiol. Glob. Health
ISSN (print)2213-3984
Scope

Other styles