How to format your references using the Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Career prospects in Europe. Nature. 2002;419(6906):3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fromherz P, Voelker M. Comment on “Detection, stimulation, and inhibition of neuronal signals with high-density nanowire transistor arrays.” Science. 2009;323(5920):1429; author reply 1429.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mazmanian SK, Round JL, Kasper DL. A microbial symbiosis factor prevents intestinal inflammatory disease. Nature. 2008;453(7195):620-625.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bangura AF, Xu X, Wakeham N, Peng N, Horii S, Hussey NE. The Wiedemann-Franz law in the putative one-dimensional metallic phase of PrBa₂Cu₄O₈. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3261.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Beecken WH, Beecken CA. Fraud Examination Casebook with Documents. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Chang HS. Simulation-Based Algorithms for Markov Decision Processes. (Hu J, Fu MC, Marcus SI, eds.). Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dong L, Jiang F. A Novel Multi-Strategy Routing for UWB Ad Hoc Networks. In: Wang Y, Li T, eds. Practical Applications of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shanghai, China, Dec 2011 (ISKE2011). Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Springer; 2012:25-30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. An Enormous Blue Whale Has Washed Up On The Coast Of Oregon. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. JFMIP News: A Newsletter for Government Financial Managers, Fall 1997, Vol. 9, No. 3. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Montano M. Supporting Juvenile Offenders Reentering the Community: A Grant Proposal Project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kleiman K. Change Sweeps Through Black Theater in Chicago. New York Times. July 8, 2011:A19B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Epidemiology and Global Health
AbbreviationClin. Epidemiol. Glob. Health
ISSN (print)2213-3984
Scope

Other styles