How to format your references using the The European Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Butler D. Institutes prepare for pioneering bioinformatics work. Nature. 2001;412:106.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Braun-Munzinger P, Stachel J. The quest for the quark-gluon plasma. Nature. 2007;448:302–09.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Fändrich M, Fletcher MA, Dobson CM. Amyloid fibrils from muscle myoglobin. Nature. 2001;410:165–66.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ghobadloo SM, Balcerzak AK, Gargaun A, Muharemagic D, Mironov GG, Capicciotti CJ, et al. Carbohydrate-based ice recrystallization inhibitors increase infectivity and thermostability of viral vectors. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bagrintseva KI. Carbonate Reservoir Rocks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Beyzadeoglu M. Basic Radiation Oncology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bădică A, Bădică C. Modeling Interactions in Agent-Based English Auctions with Matchmaking Capabilities. In: Badica C, Mangioni G, Carchiolo V, Burdescu DD eds. Intelligent Distributed Computing, Systems and Applications: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2008, Catania, Italy, 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2008:45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Research Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Tesla Batteries: Just The Beginning Of How Technology Will Transform The Electric Grid. (https://www.iflscience.com/technology/tesla-batteries-just-beginning-how-technology-will-transform-electric-grid/). Accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. NSF Experiment in Research Grant Administration Promising. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Morrow ST. Coboundary theorems for collections of random variables with moment conditions. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Stewart JB. Profit or Loss. New York Times. 2017:BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Research Journal
ISSN (online)2149-3189
Scope

Other styles