How to format your references using the The European Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Leonhardt U. Applied physics: cloaking of heat. Nature. 2013;498:440–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gold JI, Shadlen MN. Representation of a perceptual decision in developing oculomotor commands. Nature. 2000;404:390–94.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Tripati AK, Roberts CD, Eagle RA. Coupling of CO2 and ice sheet stability over major climate transitions of the last 20 million years. Science. 2009;326:1394–97.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Furnes H, Banerjee NR, Muehlenbachs K, Staudigel H, de Wit M. Early life recorded in archean pillow lavas. Science. 2004;304:578–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cox I, Gaudard MA, Stephens ML. Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Knowledge Discovery in Life Science Literature: PAKDD 2006 International Workshop, KDLL 2006, Singapore, April 9, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Amati L, Pugliese V, Jirillo E. Other Microbial Components Associated with Hepatitis C Virus Infection: Their Effects on Interferon-α/Ribavirin Treatment. In: Jirillo E ed. Hepatitis C Virus Disease: Immunobiology and Clinical Applications. New York, NY: Springer. 2008:87–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Research Journal.

Blog post
[1]
European Weather-Monitoring Satellite Takes Its First Image Of Earth. .

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Examination Into Certain Contract Costs for the E-2C Aircraft Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Nguyen C. A psychoeducational support group for Vietnamese American family caregivers of stroke survivors: Grant writing thesis proposal. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Oestreich JR. Grand and Beloved (Sometimes Hated). New York Times. 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Research Journal
ISSN (online)2149-3189
Scope

Other styles