How to format your references using the Theoretical and Applied Climatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Applied Climatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D (2000) Structural genomics--from cottage industry to industrial revolution. Nature 408:273–274
A journal article with 2 authors
Verger PJP, Boobis AR (2013) Global food supply. Reevaluate pesticides for food security and safety. Science 341:717–718
A journal article with 3 authors
Venkatesan M, Fitzgerald CB, Coey JMD (2004) Thin films: unexpected magnetism in a dielectric oxide. Nature 430:630
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Workman CT, Mak HC, McCuine S, et al (2006) A systems approach to mapping DNA damage response pathways. Science 312:1054–1059

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laycock J, Meeran K (2012) Integrated Endocrinology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
d’Andréa-Novel B (2013) Control Theory for Engineers: A Primer. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chatterjee S (2016) India’s Evolving Food and Nutrition Scenario: An Overview. In: Venkateswar S, Bandyopadhyay S (eds) Globalisation and the Challenges of Development in Contemporary India. Springer, Singapore, pp 79–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Applied Climatology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Corn’s Surprisingly Complicated Voyage Into the American Southwest. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Plans’ Coverage of Key Cyber Security Elements Varies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham C (2017) How Are Nonresident African American Fathers Involved in Their Children’s Academic Success? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman S (2015) Love, Redeployed. New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2000; Verger and Boobis 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Verger and Boobis 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Workman et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Applied Climatology
AbbreviationTheor. Appl. Climatol.
ISSN (print)0177-798X
ISSN (online)1434-4483
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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