How to format your references using the Theoretical and Applied Climatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Applied Climatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noller H (2013) Carl Woese (1928-2012). Nature 493:610
A journal article with 2 authors
Van Roy P, Briggs DEG (2011) A giant Ordovician anomalocaridid. Nature 473:510–513
A journal article with 3 authors
Weber JN, Peterson BK, Hoekstra HE (2013) Discrete genetic modules are responsible for complex burrow evolution in Peromyscus mice. Nature 493:402–405
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Martinez P, McGranahan N, Birkbak NJ, et al (2013) Computational optimisation of targeted DNA sequencing for cancer detection. Sci Rep 3:3309

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stone CA, Zissu A (2012) The Securitization Markets Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sako K (ed) (2016) Topics in Cryptology - CT-RSA 2016: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2016, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 29 - March 4, 2016, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Azevedo LG, Zimbrão G, Souza JM (2007) Approximate Query Processing in Spatial Databases Using Raster Signatures. In: Davis CA, Monteiro AMV (eds) Advances in Geoinformatics: VIII Brazilian Symposium on GeoInformatics, GEOINFO 2006, Campos do Jordão (SP), Brazil, November 19–22, 2006. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 69–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Applied Climatology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Why Do People Decide To Go Gluten- Or Wheat-Free? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Award of Indian Health Professions Scholarships. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benware A (2017) The Roles of Teaching Experience and Authoritative Classroom Management Style on Student Discipline. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM (2017) Confused by Scaramucci’s Plans for a Media Venture? So Is He. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Noller 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Van Roy and Briggs 2011; Noller 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Van Roy and Briggs 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Martinez et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Applied Climatology
AbbreviationTheor. Appl. Climatol.
ISSN (print)0177-798X
ISSN (online)1434-4483
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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