How to format your references using the Theoretical and Applied Climatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theoretical and Applied Climatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scarpa R (2001) Volcanology. Predicting volcanic eruptions. Science 293:615–616
A journal article with 2 authors
Florence TJ, Reiser MB (2015) Neuroscience: hot on the trail of temperature processing. Nature 519:296–297
A journal article with 3 authors
Carpenter SJ, Erickson JM, Holland FD Jr (2003) Migration of a Late Cretaceous fish. Nature 423:70–74
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Garner MH, Li H, Chen Y, et al (2018) Comprehensive suppression of single-molecule conductance using destructive σ-interference. Nature 558:415–419

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rochange C, Uhrig S, Sainrat P (2013) Time-Predictable Architectures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Toniolo L, Boriani M, Guidi G (eds) (2015) Built Heritage: Monitoring Conservation Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Chua BB, Bernardo DV, Verner J (2008) Criteria for Estimating Effort for Requirements Changes. In: O’Connor RV, Baddoo N, Smolander K, Messnarz R (eds) Software Process Improvement: 15th European Conference, EuroSPI 2008, Dublin, Ireland, September 3-5, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 36–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theoretical and Applied Climatology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) SpaceX Want To Put Humans on Mars Within 12 Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Explosives Detection Canines: TSA Has Taken Steps to Analyze Canine Team Data and Assess the Effectiveness of Passenger Screening Canines. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson TF (2017) The Aircraft Electric Taxi System: A Qualitative Multi Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George RP (2012) Interpretive Freedom. New York Times BR22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scarpa 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Scarpa 2001; Florence and Reiser 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Florence and Reiser 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Garner et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleTheoretical and Applied Climatology
AbbreviationTheor. Appl. Climatol.
ISSN (print)0177-798X
ISSN (online)1434-4483
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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