How to format your references using the Human Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V. (2014). Proteomics: An atlas of expression. Nature, 509(7502), 645–649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giovannoni, S. J., & Vergin, K. L. (2012). Seasonality in ocean microbial communities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6069), 671–676.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamamoto, Y., Stock, D. W., & Jeffery, W. R. (2004). Hedgehog signalling controls eye degeneration in blind cavefish. Nature, 431(7010), 844–847.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Honaramooz, A., Snedaker, A., Boiani, M., Schöler, H., Dobrinski, I., & Schlatt, S. (2002). Sperm from neonatal mammalian testes grafted in mice. Nature, 418(6899), 778–781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samuel, G. R. (2010). Formulas and Calculations for Drilling Operations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Assar, S., Boughzala, I., & Boydens, I. (Eds.). (2011). Practical Studies in E-Government: Best Practices from Around the World (1st ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bykov, V., Goldfarb, I., Gol’dshtein, V., Sazhin, S., & Sazhina, E. (2006). Dynamic Decomposition of ODE Systems: Application to Modelling of Diesel Fuel Sprays. In A. N. Gorban, I. G. Kevrekidis, C. Theodoropoulos, N. K. Kazantzis, & H. C. Öttinger (Eds.), Model Reduction and Coarse-Graining Approaches for Multiscale Phenomena (pp. 81–97). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, September 26). SpaceX Just Test-Fired A New Rocket Engine That Will Launch Missions To Mars. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Questions for the Record Related to Amtrak’s Food and Beverage Service (No. GAO-05-893R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Terry, E. J. (2008). In search of leadership: A look at women presidents in Georgia’s two-year colleges and technical colleges (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, September 2). One Store Scoops Up The Lot. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Giovannoni and Vergin 2012; Marx 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giovannoni and Vergin 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Honaramooz et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Studies
AbbreviationHum. Stud.
ISSN (print)0163-8548
ISSN (online)1572-851X
Sociology and Political Science

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