How to format your references using the Human Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. (2004). Back to basics: from industry to academia. Nature, 430(7000), 706–707.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arenkiel, B. R., & Ehlers, M. D. (2009). Molecular genetics and imaging technologies for circuit-based neuroanatomy. Nature, 461(7266), 900–907.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prytkova, T. R., Kurnikov, I. V., & Beratan, D. N. (2007). Coupling coherence distinguishes structure sensitivity in protein electron transfer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5812), 622–625.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Meyer, D. A., Kwiat, P. G., Hughes, R. J., Bucksbaum, P. H., Ahn, J., & Weinacht, T. C. (2000). Does Rydberg state manipulation equal quantum computation? Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5484), 1431a.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khouw, M. C., & Guthner, M. W. (2016). The Options Edge + Free Trial. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tapper, T. (2011). Oxford, the Collegiate University: Conflict, Consensus and Continuity. (D. Palfreyman, Ed.) (Vol. 34). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, L. P. (2015). Developing Critical Reflection Through Audio and Video Technology for Some Singapore Primary School Mathematics Teachers. In S. F. Ng (Ed.), Cases of Mathematics Professional Development in East Asian Countries: Using Video to Support Grounded Analysis (pp. 39–60). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 31). Earth’s Magnetic Field May Be Half A Billion Years Older Than Previously Thought. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Information Technology: Management Improvements Are Essential to VA’s Second Effort to Replace Its Outpatient Scheduling System (No. GAO-10-579). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hawkins, S. H. (2017). Lung CT Radiomics: An Overview of Using Images as Data (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2016, December 29). The Listings; Film Series. New York Times, p. C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Arenkiel and Ehlers 2009; Powell 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arenkiel and Ehlers 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Meyer et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Studies
AbbreviationHum. Stud.
ISSN (print)0163-8548
ISSN (online)1572-851X
Sociology and Political Science

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