How to format your references using the Human Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Velev, O. D. (2006). Materials science. Self-assembly of unusual nanoparticle crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5772), 376–377.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murakami, M., & Kouyama, T. (2008). Crystal structure of squid rhodopsin. Nature, 453(7193), 363–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ramer, M. S., Priestley, J. V., & McMahon, S. B. (2000). Functional regeneration of sensory axons into the adult spinal cord. Nature, 403(6767), 312–316.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zioutas, K., Hoffmann, D. H. H., Dennerl, K., & Papaevangelou, T. (2004). Physics. What is dark matter made of? Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5701), 1485–1488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, J. B., & Johannesson, R. (2005). Understanding Information Transmission. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wulfhorst, G., & Klug, S. (Eds.). (2016). Sustainable Mobility in Metropolitan Regions: Insights from Interdisciplinary Research for Practice Application. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Page, D., & Smart, N. (2014). How Long Is a Piece of String? In N. Smart (Ed.), What Is Computer Science?: An Information Security Perspective (pp. 77–97). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 22). Betelgeuse May Be Spinning Faster Than Expected Because It Ate A Sun-Like Star. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Developing State Automated Information Systems To Support Federal Assistance Programs: Problems and Opportunities (No. FGMSD-78-31). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blumenthal, P. M. (2014). Local Land Use Regulatory Regimes and Residential Development Outcomes: An Analysis of Subdivision Review in Four Counties in the DC Region (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2006, August 18). Shore Enclave Feels The Breezes of Change. New York Times, p. F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Velev 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Murakami and Kouyama 2008; Velev 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murakami and Kouyama 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Zioutas et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Studies
AbbreviationHum. Stud.
ISSN (print)0163-8548
ISSN (online)1572-851X
Sociology and Political Science

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