How to format your references using the Human Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, V. (2007). Astronomy. From darkness to light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5844), 1511–1512.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leathers, M. L., & Olson, C. R. (2013). Response to comment on “In monkeys making value-based decisions, LIP neurons encode cue salience and not action value.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6131), 430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hemingway, J., Field, L., & Vontas, J. (2002). An overview of insecticide resistance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5591), 96–97.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Smith, A. D. M., Brown, C. J., Bulman, C. M., Fulton, E. A., Johnson, P., Kaplan, I. C., et al. (2011). Impacts of fishing low-trophic level species on marine ecosystems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6046), 1147–1150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Swatton, P. J. (2010). Principles of Flight for Pilots. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kundu, S. (2011). High-Level Verification: Methods and Tools for Verification of System-Level Designs. (S. Lerner & R. K. Gupta, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodríguez, A., Selga, J., Martín, F., & Boria, V. E. (2013). Practical Application of Space Mapping Techniques to the Synthesis of CSRR-Based Artificial Transmission Lines. In S. Koziel & L. Leifsson (Eds.), Surrogate-Based Modeling and Optimization: Applications in Engineering (pp. 81–97). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 23). World First: Scientists Modify The Genomes Of Human Embryos. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Farm Program Modernization: Farm Service Agency Needs to Demonstrate the Capacity to Manage IT Initiatives (No. GAO-15-506). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Widner, C. M. (2010). Top -dog to bottom -dog: A study of middle to high school transition and teachers’ philosophies and practices as applied to stage -environment fit theory (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Apuzzo, M., & Schmidt, M. S. (2017, June 1). Comey Expected to Testify About His Talks With Trump. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bromm 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bromm 2007; Leathers and Olson 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leathers and Olson 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Studies
AbbreviationHum. Stud.
ISSN (print)0163-8548
ISSN (online)1572-851X
Sociology and Political Science

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