How to format your references using the Human Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parak, F. (2011). Rudolf L. Mössbauer (1929-2011). Nature, 478(7369), 325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hannon, G. J., & Rossi, J. J. (2004). Unlocking the potential of the human genome with RNA interference. Nature, 431(7006), 371–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stracker, T. H., Carson, C. T., & Weitzman, M. D. (2002). Adenovirus oncoproteins inactivate the Mre11-Rad50-NBS1 DNA repair complex. Nature, 418(6895), 348–352.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cowley, M. A., Smart, J. L., Rubinstein, M., Cerdán, M. G., Diano, S., Horvath, T. L., et al. (2001). Leptin activates anorexigenic POMC neurons through a neural network in the arcuate nucleus. Nature, 411(6836), 480–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Milne, D. (2012). The Psychology of Retirement. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Scott, J. E. (2008). Pro Oracle Application Express. (S. Spendolini, Ed.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Bleyer, A., Budd, T., & Montello, M. (2007). Older Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer, and Clinical Trials: Lack of Participation and Progress in North America. In W. A. Bleyer & R. D. Barr (Eds.), Cancer in Adolescents and Young Adults (pp. 71–81). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 26). Enormous Asteroid Set To Fly Past Earth Tomorrow. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). OFPP Followup to Federal Supply Schedule Recommendations (No. GAO-03-399R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warrick, A. D. (2017). “Deep” South: Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, and Environmental Knowledge, 1800-1974 (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinhauer, J., Thrush, G., & Pear, R. (2017, July 19). How a Health Care Bill Failed: G.O.P. Divisions and a Fed-Up President. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parak 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hannon and Rossi 2004; Parak 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hannon and Rossi 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Cowley et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Studies
AbbreviationHum. Stud.
ISSN (print)0163-8548
ISSN (online)1572-851X
Sociology and Political Science

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