How to format your references using the The Saudi Journal for Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Saudi Journal for Dental Research (SJDR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Auerbach D. J. Surface science. Hitting the surface--softly. Science 2001;294(5551):2488–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blatt Rainer, Wineland David. Entangled states of trapped atomic ions. Nature 2008;453(7198):1008–15.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fraser C. M., Eisen J. A., Salzberg S. L. Microbial genome sequencing. Nature 2000;406(6797):799–803.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Miyai Eiji, Sakai Kyosuke, Okano Takayuki, Kunishi Wataru, Ohnishi Dai, Noda Susumu. Photonics: lasers producing tailored beams. Nature 2006;441(7096):946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Etheridge Denise. Excel® Data Analysis. Hoboken, NJ; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: 2010.
An edited book
Rahman Hakikur, Mesquita Anabela, Ramos Isabel, Pernici Barbara, editors. Knowledge and Technologies in Innovative Information Systems: 7th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems, MCIS 2012, Guimaraes, Portugal, September 8-10, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 129. Berlin, Heidelberg; Springer: 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Nath Vishnu, Levinson Stephen E. Robot Kinematics. In: Levinson Stephen E., editor. Autonomous Robotics and Deep Learning. Cham; Springer International Publishing: 2014. p. 25–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Saudi Journal for Dental Research.

Blog post
Carpineti Alfredo. X-Ray Laser Shows Biological Reaction In A Real-Time Snapshot. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Observations on Ohio’s Implementation of the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1986. Washington, DC; U.S. Government Printing Office: 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vickovic Samuel G. Medical marijuana and the media. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard Mary. Shop Till You’re Thirsty. New York Times 2010:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Saudi Journal for Dental Research
AbbreviationSaudi J. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)2352-0035
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles