How to format your references using the The Saudi Journal for Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Saudi Journal for Dental Research (SJDR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hall Alex. Climate. Projecting regional change. Science 2014;346(6216):1461–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rolett Barry, Diamond Jared. Environmental predictors of pre-European deforestation on Pacific islands. Nature 2004;431(7007):443–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hull Pincelli M., Darroch Simon A. F., Erwin Douglas H. Rarity in mass extinctions and the future of ecosystems. Nature 2015;528(7582):345–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang B., Zhou Y. T., Chen D., Ma X. L. Local decomposition induced by dislocation motions inside precipitates in an Al-alloy. Sci Rep 2013;3:1039.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fortey Richard A., Bruton David L. Lower Ordovician Trilobites of the Kirtonryggen Formation, Spitsbergen. Norway; The Lethaia Foundation: 2013.
An edited book
Ezura Hiroshi, Ariizumi Tohru, Garcia-Mas Jordi, Rose Jocelyn, editors. Functional Genomics and Biotechnology in Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae Crops. vol. 70. Berlin, Heidelberg; Springer: 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Hall Mary, Chame Jacqueline, Chen Chun, Shin Jaewook, Rudy Gabe, Khan Malik Murtaza. Loop Transformation Recipes for Code Generation and Auto-Tuning. In: Gao Guang R., Pollock Lori L., Cavazos John, Li Xiaoming, editors. Languages and Compilers for Parallel Computing: 22nd International Workshop, LCPC 2009, Newark, DE, USA, October 8-10, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg; Springer: 2010. p. 50–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Saudi Journal for Dental Research.

Blog post
Andrew Elise. New Mineral Discovered With A Unique Composition. IFLScience. 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Modernization Efforts--Past, Present, and Future. Washington, DC; U.S. Government Printing Office: 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bentley Kate J. Modern Public Market to Revitalize a Small Community. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams John. A Change Means a Challenge. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Saudi Journal for Dental Research
AbbreviationSaudi J. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)2352-0035
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles