How to format your references using the The Saudi Journal for Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Saudi Journal for Dental Research (SJDR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steeg Patricia S. Perspective: The right trials. Nature 2012;485(7400):S58-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shaked Yeala, Rose Andrew. Microbiology. Seas of superoxide. Science 2013;340(6137):1176–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Min Seung-Ki, Zhang Xuebin, Zwiers Francis. Human-induced Arctic moistening. Science 2008;320(5875):518–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kawakatsu Hitoshi, Kumar Prakash, Takei Yasuko, Shinohara Masanao, Kanazawa Toshihiko, Araki Eiichiro, et al. Seismic evidence for sharp lithosphere-asthenosphere boundaries of oceanic plates. Science 2009;324(5926):499–502.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Gyurky Szabolcs Michael. The Cognitive Dynamics of Computer Science. Hoboken, NJ; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: 2006.
An edited book
Yokota Akira, Fujii Tateo, Goto Keiichi, editors. Alicyclobacillus: Thermophilic Acidophilic Bacilli. Tokyo; Springer Japan: 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Mitchell Geoffrey R., Wangsoub Supatra, Nogales Aurora, Davis Fred J., Olley Robert H. Controlling Morphology Using Low Molar Mass Nucleators. In: Mitchell Geoffrey R., Tojeira Ana, editors. Controlling the Morphology of Polymers: Multiple Scales of Structure and Processing. Cham; Springer International Publishing: 2016. p. 145–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Saudi Journal for Dental Research.

Blog post
Fang Janet. Honeybee Brain Flies A Drone. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Process Used by Department of Education To Award Contracts for Operation of Indian Education Resource and Evaluation Centers. Washington, DC; U.S. Government Printing Office: 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borchardt Gregory M. Making D.C. Democracy’s Capital: Local Activism, the “Federal State”, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Washington, D.C. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey George. Even After Prison And an Ankle Injury, Burress Says He’s Ready. New York Times 2011:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Saudi Journal for Dental Research
AbbreviationSaudi J. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)2352-0035
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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