How to format your references using the The Saudi Journal for Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Saudi Journal for Dental Research (SJDR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johns-Krull Christopher M. Astrophysics: Secret ingredient exposed. Nature 2014;514(7524):571–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Appavoo Kannatassen, Haglund Richard F. Jr. Polarization selective phase-change nanomodulator. Sci Rep 2014;4:6771.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whiting Michael F., Bradler Sven, Maxwell Taylor. Loss and recovery of wings in stick insects. Nature 2003;421(6920):264–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Porter John R., Challinor Andrew, Ewert Frank, Falloon Pete, Fischer Tony, Gregory Peter, et al. Food security: focus on agriculture. Science 2010;328(5975):172–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Demand Nancy H. The Mediterranean Context of Early Greek History. Oxford, UK; Wiley-Blackwell: 2011.
An edited book
Martínez-Álvarez Francisco, Troncoso Alicia, Quintián Héctor, Corchado Emilio, editors. Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems: 11th International Conference, HAIS 2016, Seville, Spain, April 18-20, 2016, Proceedings. vol. 9648. Cham; Springer International Publishing: 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Loy Jennifer, Canning Samuel, Haskell Natalie. 3D Printing Sociocultural Sustainability. In: Muthu Subramanian Senthilkannan, Savalani Monica Mahesh, editors. Handbook of Sustainability in Additive Manufacturing: Volume 1. Singapore; Springer: 2016. p. 51–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Saudi Journal for Dental Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan Jonathan. Asteroid Mining Company Planetary Resources Launches Its First Prototype Spacecraft. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of Key Issues Associated with the Transition to NextGen. Washington, DC; U.S. Government Printing Office: 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanchez Yesenia. Effectiveness of parent-child interaction therapy for Latino families: A secondary analysis of existing data. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly Christopher. Popular Tech Gathering Faces Growing Pains. New York Times 2014:A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Saudi Journal for Dental Research
AbbreviationSaudi J. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)2352-0035
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles