How to format your references using the The Saudi Journal for Dental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Saudi Journal for Dental Research (SJDR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeng Ning. Atmospheric science. Drought in the Sahel. Science 2003;302(5647):999–1000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jia Tao, Barabási Albert-László. Control capacity and a random sampling method in exploring controllability of complex networks. Sci Rep 2013;3:2354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bo Tian-Li, Zhang Huan, Zheng Xiao-Jing. Charge-to-mass ratio of saltating particles in wind-blown sand. Sci Rep 2014;4:5590.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cohen Haim Y., Miller Christine, Bitterman Kevin J., Wall Nathan R., Hekking Brian, Kessler Benedikt, et al. Calorie restriction promotes mammalian cell survival by inducing the SIRT1 deacetylase. Science 2004;305(5682):390–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh S. A., Rahman M. Azizur. An Introduction to Wavelet Modulated Inverters. Hoboken, NJ; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: 2010.
An edited book
Lewis Tyson, Laverty Megan, editors. Art’s Teachings, Teaching’s Art: Philosophical, Critical and Educational Musings. vol. 8. 1st ed. 2015. Dordrecht; Springer Netherlands: 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Piccardi Carlo, Casagrandi Renato. Remarks on Epidemic Spreading in Scale-Free Networks. In: Chiuso Alessandro, Fortuna Luigi, Frasca Mattia, Rizzo Alessandro, Schenato Luca, Zampieri Sandro, editors. Modelling, Estimation and Control of Networked Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg; Springer: 2009. p. 77–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Saudi Journal for Dental Research.

Blog post
Andrew Elise. Japan Accepts Giant Robot Fight Challenge From America. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army’s Contracting Out of Laundry and Educational Testing Services at Fort Carson, Colorado. Washington, DC; U.S. Government Printing Office: 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magner Timothy Joseph. Performance and leadership in multiplayer online gaming. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse Linda. Case of Texas Murderer Engrosses Supreme Court. New York Times 2007:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Saudi Journal for Dental Research
AbbreviationSaudi J. Dent. Res.
ISSN (print)2352-0035
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles