How to format your references using the Journal of Macroeconomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Macroeconomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fairley, P., 2015. Energy storage: Power revolution. Nature 526, S102-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleizen, B., Braakman, I., 2013. Cell biology. A sweet send-off. Science 340, 930–931.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abdenur, R., Palmer, L., Milhollin, G., 2005. Brazil’s Nuclear Activities. Science 307, 847–851.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choi, S.H., Bylykbashi, E., Chatila, Z.K., Lee, S.W., Pulli, B., Clemenson, G.D., Kim, E., Rompala, A., Oram, M.K., Asselin, C., Aronson, J., Zhang, C., Miller, S.J., Lesinski, A., Chen, J.W., Kim, D.Y., van Praag, H., Spiegelman, B.M., Gage, F.H., Tanzi, R.E., 2018. Combined adult neurogenesis and BDNF mimic exercise effects on cognition in an Alzheimer’s mouse model. Science 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moir, I., Seabridge, A.G., 2006. Military Avionics Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fuhr, N., Quaresma, P., Gonçalves, T., Larsen, B., Balog, K., Macdonald, C., Cappellato, L., Ferro, N. (Eds.), 2016. Experimental IR Meets Multilinguality, Multimodality, and Interaction: 7th International Conference of the CLEF Association, CLEF 2016, Évora, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
de Blasio, G., Moreno-Díaz, R., Moreno-Díaz, R., 2009. Analytical Representation of Intrinsic Directionality in Retinal Cells, in: Moreno-Díaz, R., Pichler, F., Quesada-Arencibia, A. (Eds.), Computer Aided Systems Theory - EUROCAST 2009: 12th International Conference, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, February 15-20, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Macroeconomics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Astronomers Have Identified Stars That Eat Earth-Like Planets [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Farm Program Modernization: Farm Service Agency Needs to Demonstrate the Capacity to Manage IT Initiatives (No. GAO-15-506). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rees, C.L., 2009. A systems-level investigation into the genetic determinants of childhood-onset schizophrenia (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. Arconic Gives 3 Board Seats To Hedge Fund, Ending a Fight. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fairley, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fairley, 2015; Kleizen and Braakman, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kleizen and Braakman, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Macroeconomics
AbbreviationJ. Macroecon.
ISSN (print)0164-0704
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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