How to format your references using the Journal of Macroeconomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Macroeconomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexander, R.M., 2003. Evolution. Enhanced: A rodent as big as a buffalo. Science 301, 1678–1679.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gowers, T., Nielsen, M., 2009. Massively collaborative mathematics. Nature 461, 879–881.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jarillo-Herrero, P., van Dam, J.A., Kouwenhoven, L.P., 2006. Quantum supercurrent transistors in carbon nanotubes. Nature 439, 953–956.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kay, S., Hahn, S., Marois, E., Hause, G., Bonas, U., 2007. A bacterial effector acts as a plant transcription factor and induces a cell size regulator. Science 318, 648–651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smilansky, S., 2007. 10 Moral Paradoxes. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Nakada, S.Y., Pearle, M.S. (Eds.), 2013. Surgical Management of Urolithiasis: Percutaneous, Shockwave and Ureteroscopy. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kavita Ramakrishnan, 2016. “Propertied Ambiguity”: Negotiating the State in a Delhi Resettlement Colony, in: Chakravarty, S., Negi, R. (Eds.), Space, Planning and Everyday Contestations in Delhi, Exploring Urban Change in South Asia. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Macroeconomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Discover Teeny Tiny Rare Species Of Shark [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Status of the Research Fleet of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce (No. T-RCED-89-29). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quinn, L., 2013. The poetics of soul: Mythic narrative as creative elegy (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. An Obvious Case For Instant Replay. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alexander, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Alexander, 2003; Gowers and Nielsen, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gowers and Nielsen, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kay et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Macroeconomics
AbbreviationJ. Macroecon.
ISSN (print)0164-0704
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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