How to format your references using the Journal of Macroeconomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Macroeconomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cassou, C., 2008. Intraseasonal interaction between the Madden-Julian Oscillation and the North Atlantic Oscillation. Nature 455, 523–527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rehwinkel, J., Reis e Sousa, C., 2010. RIGorous detection: exposing virus through RNA sensing. Science 327, 284–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCarty, K.F., Nobel, J.A., Bartelt, N.C., 2001. Vacancies in solids and the stability of surface morphology. Nature 412, 622–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, Q., Wang, X., Xin, Y., Zhang, Z., Zhang, Y., Hao, C., Meng, M., Zheng, Lirong, Zheng, Lei, 2014. A unified intermediate and mechanism for soot combustion on potassium-supported oxides. Sci. Rep. 4, 4725.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Onstott, S., 2017. AutoCAD® and AutoCAD LT® Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Nepomnyashchy, A., 2012. Interfacial Convection in Multilayer Systems, 2nd ed. 2012. ed, Applied Mathematical Sciences. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Steger, W., Rom, N., 2014. Eyewitness to Global Warming, in: Pinkerton, K.E., Rom, W.N. (Eds.), Global Climate Change and Public Health. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 51–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Macroeconomics.

Blog post
Carpineti, C., 2017. Melting Ice Could Unleash Ancient Viruses [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Federal Research: Implementation of the Super Collider’s Cost and Schedule Control System (No. RCED-92-242). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarkar, D., 2008. Nanopass compiler infrastructure (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., 2017. Cosby Case Raises Issue Of Legal Bias. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cassou, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cassou, 2008; Rehwinkel and Reis e Sousa, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rehwinkel and Reis e Sousa, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Macroeconomics
AbbreviationJ. Macroecon.
ISSN (print)0164-0704
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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