How to format your references using the Journal of Macroeconomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Macroeconomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, K., 2014. Biology: Three known unknowns. Nature 509, S69-71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ouyang, M., Awschalom, D.D., 2003. Coherent spin transfer between molecularly bridged quantum dots. Science 301, 1074–1078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sachs, R., Lin, Z., Shi, J., 2014. Ferroelectric-like SrTiO3 surface dipoles probed by graphene. Sci. Rep. 4, 3657.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kranendijk, M., Struys, E.A., van Schaftingen, E., Gibson, K.M., Kanhai, W.A., van der Knaap, M.S., Amiel, J., Buist, N.R., Das, A.M., de Klerk, J.B., Feigenbaum, A.S., Grange, D.K., Hofstede, F.C., Holme, E., Kirk, E.P., Korman, S.H., Morava, E., Morris, A., Smeitink, J., Sukhai, R.N., Vallance, H., Jakobs, C., Salomons, G.S., 2010. IDH2 mutations in patients with D-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria. Science 330, 336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malpass, D.B., 2010. Introduction to Industrial Polyethylene. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ohtsu, M. (Ed.), 2016. Innovative AE and NDT Techniques for On-Site Measurement of Concrete and Masonry Structures: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 239-MCM, RILEM State-of-the-Art Reports. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Neese, F., 2009. Spin-Hamiltonian Parameters from First Principle Calculations: Theory and Application, in: Berliner, L., Hanson, G. (Eds.), High Resolution EPR: Applications to Metalloenzymes and Metals in Medicine, Biological Magnetic Resonance. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 175–229.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Macroeconomics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. This “Horrifying” Video Of Coca Cola Vs Coke Zero Is Actually Not Horrifying At All [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Information Technology: A Statistical Study of Acquisition Time (No. AIMD-95-65). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purnell, C.P., 2012. Exploring teachers’ perceptions of professional development in virtual learning teams (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2011. New Pose On the Mat: The Sleuth. New York Times MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourzac, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bourzac, 2014; Ouyang and Awschalom, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ouyang and Awschalom, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kranendijk et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Macroeconomics
AbbreviationJ. Macroecon.
ISSN (print)0164-0704
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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