How to format your references using the Journal of Macroeconomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Macroeconomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foster, I., 2005. Service-oriented science. Science 308, 814–817.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephens, D.J., Allan, V.J., 2003. Light microscopy techniques for live cell imaging. Science 300, 82–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kingon, A.I., Maria, J.P., Streiffer, S.K., 2000. Alternative dielectrics to silicon dioxide for memory and logic devices. Nature 406, 1032–1038.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Janssen, B.J.C., Christodoulidou, A., McCarthy, A., Lambris, J.D., Gros, P., 2006. Structure of C3b reveals conformational changes that underlie complement activity. Nature 444, 213–216.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Monino, J.-L., Sedkaoui, S., 2016. Big Data, Open Data and Data Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Oyasu, R., 2008. Questions in Daily Urologic Practice: Updates for Urologists and Diagnostic Pathologists. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Weinmann, S.M., van den Bosch, F.C., Pasquali, A., 2011. The Dependence of Low Redshift Galaxy Properties on Environment, in: Ferreras, I., Pasquali, Anna (Eds.), Environment and the Formation of Galaxies: 30 Years Later: Proceedings of Symposium 2 of JENAM 2010, Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 29–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Macroeconomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Dinosaurs May Have Had Babysitters [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. 2020 Census: Key Information Technology Decisions Must Be Made Soon (No. GAO-16-205T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzaga Reed, R.R., 2017. The Impact of a Community-Based College Access Program at a Midwestern Institution (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L., 2017. Fact-Checking Assertions About the President’s Travel Ban. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Foster, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Foster, 2005; Stephens and Allan, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stephens and Allan, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Janssen et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Macroeconomics
AbbreviationJ. Macroecon.
ISSN (print)0164-0704
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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