How to format your references using the Environmental Biology of Fishes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Biology of Fishes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T (2000) NASA review leaves projects on launch pad. National Aeronautics & Space Administration. Nature 403:583
A journal article with 2 authors
Vollmer D, Butt H-J (2015) Materials science: Droplets leap into action. Nature 527:41–42
A journal article with 3 authors
McQuibban GA, Saurya S, Freeman M (2003) Mitochondrial membrane remodelling regulated by a conserved rhomboid protease. Nature 423:537–541
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Aso R, Kan D, Shimakawa Y, Kurata H (2013) Atomic level observation of octahedral distortions at the perovskite oxide heterointerface. Sci Rep 3:2214

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bullard B (2016) Style and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Talent JA (ed) (2012) Earth and Life: Global Biodiversity, Extinction Intervals and Biogeographic Perturbations Through Time. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Cory CA (2015) New Visualization Techniques in AEC-BIM More than Modeling. In: Cocchiarella L (ed) The Visual Language of Technique: Volume 2 - Heritage and Expectations in Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Biology of Fishes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Create Artificial Neuron that Functions Like the Real Thing. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Air Force Technology Development Underway Throughout the Aerospace Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solano Cahuana IL (2015) The Production of Apologies by Colombian Learners of English A Study of Pragmatic Acquisition in an EFL Context. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2014) Putting the A in STEAM. New York Times WE9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Reichhardt 2000; Vollmer and Butt 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vollmer and Butt 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Aso et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Biology of Fishes
AbbreviationEnviron. Biol. Fishes
ISSN (print)0378-1909
ISSN (online)1573-5133
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles