How to format your references using the Environmental Biology of Fishes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Biology of Fishes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turner MS (2011) The dark clouds over US astronomy. Nature 476:127
A journal article with 2 authors
Enemark EJ, Joshua-Tor L (2006) Mechanism of DNA translocation in a replicative hexameric helicase. Nature 442:270–275
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen Y, Emerson JJ, Martin TM (2005) Evolutionary genomics: codon volatility does not detect selection. Nature 433:E6-7; discussion E7-8
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Paggi M, Berardone I, Infuso A, Corrado M (2014) Fatigue degradation and electric recovery in Silicon solar cells embedded in photovoltaic modules. Sci Rep 4:4506

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ippolito LJ Jr (2017) Satellite Communications Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Filipe J, Gusikhin O, Madani K, Sasiadek J (eds) (2016) Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics: 11th International Conference, ICINCO 2014 Vienna, Austria, September 2-4, 2014 Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ghazi AN, Petersen K, Börstler J (2015) Heterogeneous Systems Testing Techniques: An Exploratory Survey. In: Winkler D, Biffl S, Bergsmann J (eds) Software Quality. Software and Systems Quality in Distributed and Mobile Environments: 7th International Conference, SWQD 2015, Vienna, Austria, January 20-23, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 67–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Biology of Fishes.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Should A Self-Driving Car Kill Its Passengers In A “Greater Good” Scenario? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Federal Aviation Administration: Key Issues in Ensuring the Efficient Development and Safe Operation of the Next Generation Air Transportation System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De los Santos E (2014) Increasing the psychological well-being of undocumented Latino youth students in California: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2016) Razor Images. Bewildered Eyes. New York Times AR14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turner 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Enemark and Joshua-Tor 2006; Turner 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Enemark and Joshua-Tor 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Paggi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Biology of Fishes
AbbreviationEnviron. Biol. Fishes
ISSN (print)0378-1909
ISSN (online)1573-5133
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles