How to format your references using the Environmental Biology of Fishes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Biology of Fishes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wehrwein P (2012) Stem cells: Repeat to fade. Nature 492:S12-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Headlam D, Brown M (2007) Comment on “The geometry of musical chords.” Science 315:330; author reply 330
A journal article with 3 authors
Heuer AH, Jia CL, Lagerlöf KPD (2010) The core structure of basal dislocations in deformed sapphire (alpha-Al₂O₃). Science 330:1227–1231
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Arendt D, Tessmar-Raible K, Snyman H, et al (2004) Ciliary photoreceptors with a vertebrate-type opsin in an invertebrate brain. Science 306:869–871

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Rewini H, Abd-El-Barr M (2004) Advanced Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Yadav BS, Mohan M (eds) (2011) Ancient Indian Leaps into Mathematics. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Arndt N, Ganino C (2012) Deposits Formed by Sedimentary and Surficial Processes. In: Ganino C (ed) Metals and Society: An Introduction to Economic Geology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 113–140

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Biology of Fishes.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) American English Is Becoming Less Positive. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Distance Education: Challenges for Minority Serving Institutions and Implications for Federal Education Policy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores MY (2010) Delinquency prevention program for Latino youth: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2016) Scent Notes: The Citrus Aroma of the Season. New York Times ST3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wehrwein 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Headlam and Brown 2007; Wehrwein 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Headlam and Brown 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Arendt et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Biology of Fishes
AbbreviationEnviron. Biol. Fishes
ISSN (print)0378-1909
ISSN (online)1573-5133
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles