How to format your references using the The Review of International Organizations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of International Organizations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H. (2007). Cheap at any price? Nature, 447(7141), 131.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivera, L. B., & Bergers, G. (2015). CANCER. Tumor angiogenesis, from foe to friend. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6249), 694–695.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, S., Bluemle, M. J., & Bates, F. S. (2010). Discovery of a Frank-Kasper sigma phase in sphere-forming block copolymer melts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6002), 349–353.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ma, H. F., Wang, G. Z., Jiang, W. X., & Cui, T. J. (2014). Independent control of differently-polarized waves using anisotropic gradient-index metamaterials. Scientific reports, 4, 6337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gregory, J. (2014). Central Counterparties. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Friedman, H., Klein, T. W., & Bendinelli, M. (Eds.). (2005). Infectious Diseases and Substance Abuse. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bristow, T. (2016). Affective Edgelands: Wildness, History, and Technology in Britain’s Postindustrial and Postnatural Topographies. In R. T. Tally & C. M. Battista (Eds.), Ecocriticism and Geocriticism: Overlapping Territories in Environmental and Spatial Literary Studies (pp. 77–93). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of International Organizations.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 24). How Much Room Do We Need To Supply The Entire World With Solar Electricity? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Spectrum Management: Better Knowledge Needed to Take Advantage of Technologies That May Improve Spectrum Efficiency (No. GAO-04-666). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meza, J. (2013). A community outreach program for Latino immigrant families: Increasing service utilization (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, S. (2014, May 4). Efrem Zimbalist Jr., Actor of Authority, Dies at 95. New York Times, p. A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ledford 2007; Rivera and Bergers 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivera and Bergers 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ma et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of International Organizations
AbbreviationRev. Int. Organ.
ISSN (print)1559-7431
ISSN (online)1559-744X
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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