How to format your references using the The Review of International Organizations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of International Organizations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer, R. (2011). Drugs: Lines of defence. Nature, 480(7376), S9-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chakraborty, A., & Bandyopadhyay, S. (2013). FOGSAA: Fast Optimal Global Sequence Alignment Algorithm. Scientific reports, 3, 1746.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alle, H., Roth, A., & Geiger, J. R. P. (2009). Energy-efficient action potentials in hippocampal mossy fibers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5946), 1405–1408.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Miwa, K., Takano, J., Omori, H., Seki, M., Shinozaki, K., & Fujiwara, T. (2007). Plants tolerant of high boron levels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5855), 1417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chow, S.-C., & Liu, J.-P. (2005). Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials: Concepts and Methodologies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ho, R., & Drost, R. (Eds.). (2010). Coupled Data Communication Techniques for High-Performance and Low-Power Computing (Vol. 0). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi, T.-M., & Chiu, C.-H. (2012). Mean-Risk Analysis: Conclusion, Future Research and Extensions. In C.-H. Chiu (Ed.), Risk Analysis in Stochastic Supply Chains: A Mean-Risk Approach (pp. 87–95). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of International Organizations.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, August 17). Russia May Reduce The Number Of Cosmonauts It Sends To The ISS. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Aviation Safety: FAA Should Improve Usability of its Online Application System and Clarity of the Pilot’s Medical Form (No. GAO-14-330). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bratton, E. W. (2012). Clinical management and outcomes of patients in the Duke Cryptococcosis Clinical Cohort, 1996 - 2009 (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Miranda, L.-M. (2017, October 16). Stephen Sondheim. New York Times, p. M2143.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palmer 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Chakraborty and Bandyopadhyay 2013; Palmer 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chakraborty and Bandyopadhyay 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Miwa et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of International Organizations
AbbreviationRev. Int. Organ.
ISSN (print)1559-7431
ISSN (online)1559-744X
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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