How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy (J Contemp Psychother). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2003). Clouded vision. Nature, 422(6929), 356–357.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leathers, M. L., & Olson, C. R. (2013). Response to comment on “In monkeys making value-based decisions, LIP neurons encode cue salience and not action value.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6131), 430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Regenauer-Lieb, K., Yuen, D. A., & Branlund, J. (2001). The initiation of subduction: criticality by addition of water? Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5542), 578–580.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mayor, U., Guydosh, N. R., Johnson, C. M., Grossmann, J. G., Sato, S., Jas, G. S., et al. (2003). The complete folding pathway of a protein from nanoseconds to microseconds. Nature, 421(6925), 863–867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosplock, K. (2017). The Complete Direct Investing Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Watson, R. R., Zibadi, S., & Preedy, V. R. (Eds.). (2010). Dietary Components and Immune Function. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Apel, D., Liu, W., & Bindiganavile, V. (2014). Simulation of the Effects of Thermo Insulating Shotcrete on the Energy Consumption of Ventilation and Cooling Systems at Deep Underground Mines. In C. Drebenstedt & R. Singhal (Eds.), Mine Planning and Equipment Selection: Proceedings of the 22nd MPES Conference, Dresden, Germany, 14th – 19th October 2013 (pp. 37–42). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, March 30). Mars Might Have Had A Dense Carbon Dioxide Atmosphere. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Department of Energy: Advanced Technology Vehicle Loan Program Implementation Is Under Way, but Enhanced Technical Oversight and Performance Measures Are Needed (No. GAO-11-145). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, A. R. (2013). Computerized physician order entry: An outlook on successful implementation among ambulatory care settings (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, July 12). Giving Archie a Makeover at 74. New York Times, p. AR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rutter 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bettencourt 2013; Humayun 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leathers and Olson 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Neff et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Psychotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Psychother.
ISSN (print)0022-0116
ISSN (online)1573-3564
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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