How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duffy, M. A. (2014). Epidemiology. It helps to be well connected. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6189), 1229–1230.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miroshnichenko, A. E., & Kivshar, Y. S. (2013). Applied physics. Polarization traffic control for surface plasmons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 283–284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nagao, K., Adachi, Y., & Yanagida, M. (2004). Separase-mediated cleavage of cohesin at interphase is required for DNA repair. Nature, 430(7003), 1044–1048.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Holbrook, W. S., Páramo, P., Pearse, S., & Schmitt, R. W. (2003). Thermohaline fine structure in an oceanographic front from seismic reflection profiling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5634), 821–824.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitra, A. (2008). Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schmickler, W. (2010). Interfacial Electrochemistry. (E. Santos, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Verdonschot, P. F. M. (2006). Data composition and taxonomic resolution in macroinvertebrate stream typology. In M. T. Furse, D. Hering, K. Brabec, A. Buffagni, L. Sandin, & P. F. M. Verdonschot (Eds.), The Ecological Status of European Rivers: Evaluation and Intercalibration of Assessment Methods (pp. 59–74). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, October 1). Tiny Sea Monkeys Drive Ocean Currents. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Customs Service Modernization: ACE Poses Risks and Challenges (No. T-AIMD-97-96). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Libman, M. (2012). A policy analysis of the Penal Code Section 186.20-186.33: California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002, November 2). Friends and Family Run for 9/11 Victims. New York Times, p. D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duffy 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Duffy 2014; Miroshnichenko and Kivshar 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miroshnichenko and Kivshar 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Holbrook et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Psychotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Psychother.
ISSN (print)0022-0116
ISSN (online)1573-3564
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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