How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reynolds, A. M. (2014). Mussels realize Weierstrassian Lévy walks as composite correlated random walks. Scientific reports, 4, 4409.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis, C. C., & Wurdack, K. J. (2004). Host-to-parasite gene transfer in flowering plants: phylogenetic evidence from Malpighiales. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5684), 676–678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gehring, M., Bubb, K. L., & Henikoff, S. (2009). Extensive demethylation of repetitive elements during seed development underlies gene imprinting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5933), 1447–1451.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, K.-M., Harjes, E., Gross, P. J., Fahmy, A., Lu, Y., Shindo, K., et al. (2008). Structure of the DNA deaminase domain of the HIV-1 restriction factor APOBEC3G. Nature, 452(7183), 116–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertin, E., Crespi, N., & Pujolle, G. (2013). Architecture and Governance for Communication Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Swamy, P. P., & Guru, D. S. (Eds.). (2013). Multimedia Processing, Communication and Computing Applications: Proceedings of the First International Conference, ICMCCA, 13-15 December 2012 (Vol. 213). New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Day, J. W., & Hall, C. (2016). The Wealth of Nature Is the Wealth of Nations: Ecosystem Services and Their Value to Society. In C. Hall (Ed.), America’s Most Sustainable Cities and Regions: Surviving the 21st Century Megatrends (pp. 115–135). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 25). Quadriplegic Man Uses Thoughts To Move His Limb. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). DOD Business Systems Modernization: Long-Standing Weaknesses in Enterprise Architecture Development Need to Be Addressed (No. GAO-05-702). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yudell, M. (2008). Making race: Biology and the evolution of the race concept in 20th century American thought (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008, September 1). Kept From TV, Report on Moscow Finds an Audience. New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reynolds 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Davis and Wurdack 2004; Reynolds 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davis and Wurdack 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Psychotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Psychother.
ISSN (print)0022-0116
ISSN (online)1573-3564
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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