How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaanen, J. (2014). High-temperature superconductivity: electron mirages in an iron salt. Nature, 515(7526), 205–206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arlot-Bonnemains, Y., & Prigent, C. (2002). Cell cycle. A trigger for centrosome duplication. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5554), 455–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mehta, M. R., Lee, A. K., & Wilson, M. A. (2002). Role of experience and oscillations in transforming a rate code into a temporal code. Nature, 417(6890), 741–746.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ding, L., Liu, J.-L., Hassan, W., Wang, L.-L., Yan, F.-R., & Shang, J. (2014). Lipid modulatory activities of Cichorium glandulosum Boiss et Huet are mediated by multiple components within hepatocytes. Scientific reports, 4, 4715.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, B., & Wang, X. (2014). Chaos Analysis and Chaotic EMI Suppression of DC-DC Converters. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Yore, L. D., Flier-Keller, E. V. der, Blades, D. W., Pelton, T. W., & Zandvliet, D. B. (Eds.). (2011). Pacific CRYSTAL Centre for Science, Mathematics, and Technology Literacy: Lessons Learned. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Foxe, D. M. (2010). The Relevance of Beautiful Infrastructure. In P. T. Coohill (Ed.), Art Inspiring Transmutations of Life (pp. 71–82). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 23). Mating Market Theory: The Math Of One-Night Stands And Long-Term Relationships. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Voluntary Consensus Standards: Agencies’ Compliance With the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (No. T-RCED-00-122). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ma, B. (2012). Improving the performance of hyperspectral target detection (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Seltzer, M. (2017, September 10). Doctor in the House. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zaanen 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Arlot-Bonnemains and Prigent 2002; Zaanen 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arlot-Bonnemains and Prigent 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ding et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Psychotherapy
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Psychother.
ISSN (print)0022-0116
ISSN (online)1573-3564
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles