How to format your references using the Combinatorial Chemistry - an Online journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Combinatorial Chemistry - an Online journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman T. Mining the proteome. Nature 2004;430:109.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin Y, Zhang Z. Mean first-passage time for maximal-entropy random walks in complex networks. Sci Rep 2014;4:5365.
A journal article with 3 authors
Padhi AK, Jayaram B, Gomes J. Prediction of functional loss of human angiogenin mutants associated with ALS by molecular dynamics simulations. Sci Rep 2013;3:1225.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hou JG, Jinlong Y, Haiqian W, Qunxiang L, Changgan Z, Lanfeng Y, et al. Topology of two-dimensional C60 domains. Nature 2001;409:304–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joglekar AM. Industrial Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Broad J, Green K, editors. Virtue, Liberty, and Toleration: Political Ideas of European Women, 1400–1800. vol. 63. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Spencer J. Logic and Random Structures. In: Kolaitis PG, Libkin L, Marx M, Spencer J, Vardi MY, Venema Y, et al., editors. Finite Model Theory and Its Applications, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 231–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Combinatorial Chemistry - an Online journal.

Blog post
Hale T. If You HATE It When People Chew Loudly, We Have Good News For You. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Analysis of Proposal to Create a Government Corporation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ploehs JR. The literacy benefits of middle school tutors who tutor emergent readers. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyall S. Three Beginnings, Reverse Chronology and A Novel That Starts Over in Every Chapter. New York Times 2013:MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCombinatorial Chemistry - an Online journal
ISSN (print)1464-3383

Other styles