How to format your references using the The Review of Financial Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of Financial Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoshino, M. 2003. Space Physics. Coupling across Many Scales. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299:834–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oki, T., and S. Kanae. 2006. Global Hydrological Cycles and World Water Resources. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313:1068–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fowler, J. H., T. Johnson, and O. Smirnov. 2005. Human Behaviour: Egalitarian Motive and Altruistic Punishment. Nature 433:1 p following 32; discussion following 32.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vocadlo, L., D. Alfè, M. J. Gillan, I. G. Wood, J. P. Brodholt, and G. D. Price. 2003. Possible Thermal and Chemical Stabilization of Body-Centred-Cubic Iron in the Earth’s Core. Nature 424:536–39.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Exposito, E. 2012. Advanced Transport Protocols. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Derrick, J., S. Gnesi, D. Latella, and H. Treharne, eds. 2012. Integrated Formal Methods: 9th International Conference, IFM 2012, Pisa, Italy, June 18-21, 2012. Proceedings. . Vol. 7321. Lecture Notes in Computer ScienceBerlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, T., Y. Zhang, H. Yu, and F. Wang. 2012. Key Technologies. In Wang, T., In Y. Zhang, In H. Yu, and In F. Wang (eds.), Advanced Manufacturing Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of Financial Studies.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2015. This Font Could Make It Easier To Learn Japanese. IFLScience IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Data Base Management Systems--Without Careful Planning There Can Be Problems.Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mihalas, S. T. 2008. Positive Protective Factors as Moderators in the Relationship between Relational Victimization and Depression in Minority Adolescents.Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. 2017. Singles in the House. New York Times .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoshino 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hoshino 2003; Oki and Kanae 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oki and Kanae 2006)
  • Three authors: (Fowler, Johnson, and Smirnov 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vocadlo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of Financial Studies
AbbreviationRev. Financ. Stud.
ISSN (print)0893-9454
ISSN (online)1465-7368
Economics and Econometrics

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