How to format your references using the The Review of Financial Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of Financial Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T. 2000. NASA Ponders Termination of Gamma-Ray Observatory. Nature 403:232.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, L. V., and S. Hu. 2012. Photoacoustic Tomography: In Vivo Imaging from Organelles to Organs. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335:1458–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fernandes, C. C., J. Podos, and J. G. Lundberg. 2004. Amazonian Ecology: Tributaries Enhance the Diversity of Electric Fishes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305:1960–62.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hoogendoorn, E., K. C. Crosby, D. Leyton-Puig, R. M. P. Breedijk, K. Jalink, T. W. J. Gadella, and M. Postma. 2014. The Fidelity of Stochastic Single-Molecule Super-Resolution Reconstructions Critically Depends upon Robust Background Estimation. Scientific reports 4:3854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spiegel, R. 2005. Psychopharmacology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dawande, M. W. 2007. Throughput Optimization in Robotic Cells. . Ed. H. Neil Geismar, Suresh P. Sethi, and Chelliah Sriskandarajah. Vol. 101. International Series in Operations Research & Management ScienceBoston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Yu, Y., R. Zimmermann, and S. Tang. 2015. Social Interactions over Location-Aware Multimedia Systems. In Baughman, A. K., In J. Gao, In J.-Y. Pan, and In V. A. Petrushin (eds.), Multimedia Data Mining and Analytics: Disruptive Innovation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of Financial Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Despite Shell’s About-Face, Interest In Arctic Oil Grows. IFLScience IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: FAA Continues to Make Important Strides, But Vulnerabilities Remain.Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, L. 2012. A Comparison of Unsupervised Learning Techniques for Detection of Medical Abuse in Automobile Claims.Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. 2010. Makeover for Wonder Woman at 69. New York Times .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Reichhardt 2000; Wang and Hu 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Hu 2012)
  • Three authors: (Fernandes, Podos, and Lundberg 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hoogendoorn et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of Financial Studies
AbbreviationRev. Financ. Stud.
ISSN (print)0893-9454
ISSN (online)1465-7368
Economics and Econometrics

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