How to format your references using the The Review of Financial Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of Financial Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, V. 2014. Astronomy. Imprint of an Ancient Conflagration. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345:868–69.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sigman, D. M., and E. A. Boyle. 2000. Glacial/Interglacial Variations in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. Nature 407:859–69.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harvey, J. A., L. S. Corley, and M. R. Strand. 2000. Competition Induces Adaptive Shifts in Caste Ratios of a Polyembryonic Wasp. Nature 406:183–86.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chung, D. Y., H.-I. Kim, Y.-H. Chung, M. J. Lee, S. J. Yoo, A. D. Bokare, W. Choi, and Y.-E. Sung. 2014. Inhibition of CO Poisoning on Pt Catalyst Coupled with the Reduction of Toxic Hexavalent Chromium in a Dual-Functional Fuel Cell. Scientific reports 4:7450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gleeson, K. 2008. The Personal Efficiency Program. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Navab, N., J. Hornegger, W. M. Wells, and A. Frangi, eds. 2015. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention -- MICCAI 2015: 18th International Conference, Munich, Germany, October 5-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. . Vol. 9350. Lecture Notes in Computer ScienceCham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yongsunthon, R., C. Tao, P. Rous, and E. D. Williams. 2011. Surface Electromigration and Current Crowding. In Michailov, M. (ed.), Nanophenomena at Surfaces: Fundamentals of Exotic Condensed Matter Properties. . Springer Series in Surface SciencesBerlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of Financial Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. A New Quantum Teleportation Record Has Been Broken. IFLScience IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Mass Transit: Bus Rapid Transit Shows Promise.Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Branch, J. 2017. A Case Study of Perceptions and Experiences among African-American Males Regarding College Dropout Rates in a Community College.Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. 2011. One High School Band and the Changes It Wrought. New York Times .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bromm 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bromm 2014; Sigman and Boyle 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sigman and Boyle 2000)
  • Three authors: (Harvey, Corley, and Strand 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chung et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of Financial Studies
AbbreviationRev. Financ. Stud.
ISSN (print)0893-9454
ISSN (online)1465-7368
Economics and Econometrics

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