How to format your references using the The Review of Financial Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of Financial Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Redfield, R. J. 2011. Comment on “A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332:1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fu, Y.-X., and U. Storb. 2002. Immunology. Autoreactive B Cells Migrate into T Cell Territory. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297:2006–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bintanja, R., R. S. W. van de Wal, and J. Oerlemans. 2005. Modelled Atmospheric Temperatures and Global Sea Levels over the Past Million Years. Nature 437:125–28.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nellist, P. D., M. F. Chisholm, N. Dellby, O. L. Krivanek, M. F. Murfitt, Z. S. Szilagyi, A. R. Lupini, A. Borisevich, W. H. Sides Jr, and S. J. Pennycook. 2004. Direct Sub-Angstrom Imaging of a Crystal Lattice. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305:1741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasternak, J. J. 2005. An Introduction to Human Molecular Genetics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dwyer, M. B., and A. Lopes, eds. 2007. Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 10th International Conference, FASE 2007, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences, on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2007, Braga, Portugal, March 24 - April 1, 2007. Proceedings. . Vol. 4422. Lecture Notes in Computer ScienceBerlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fells, R., and P. Prowse. 2016. Negotiations in the Workplace: Overcoming the Problem of Asymmetry. In Elgoibar, P., In M. Euwema, and In L. Munduate (eds.), Building Trust and Constructive Conflict Management in Organizations. . Industrial Relations & Conflict ManagementCham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of Financial Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Astronomers Reveal Most Detailed Catalog of Milky Way Stars. IFLScience IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Checked Baggage Screening: TSA Has Deployed Optimal Systems at the Majority of TSA-Regulated Airports, but Could Strengthen Cost Estimates.Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lavoie, D. 2010. Ecotone.Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S. 2017. Top Banker Denies Role In Trump Moscow Plan. New York Times .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Redfield 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Redfield 2011; Fu and Storb 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fu and Storb 2002)
  • Three authors: (Bintanja, van de Wal, and Oerlemans 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nellist et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of Financial Studies
AbbreviationRev. Financ. Stud.
ISSN (print)0893-9454
ISSN (online)1465-7368
Economics and Econometrics

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