How to format your references using the The Review of Financial Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of Financial Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. 2012. Proteomics: The Interaction Map. Nature 484:271–75.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pokrovski, G. S., and L. S. Dubrovinsky. 2011. The S3- Ion Is Stable in Geological Fluids at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331:1052–54.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huo, C., J. Ouyang, and H. Yang. 2014. CuO Nanoparticles Encapsulated inside Al-MCM-41 Mesoporous Materials via Direct Synthetic Route. Scientific reports 4:3682.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Indovina, I., V. Maffei, G. Bosco, M. Zago, E. Macaluso, and F. Lacquaniti. 2005. Representation of Visual Gravitational Motion in the Human Vestibular Cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308:416–19.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donald, I. W. 2010. Waste Immobilization in Glass and Ceramic Based Hosts. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Barton, L. L., M. Mandl, and A. Loy, eds. 2010. Geomicrobiology: Molecular and Environmental Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Sato, S. 2008. Development of Coastal Urban Regions with Sustainable Topographical Environments. In Hanaki, K. (ed.), Urban Environmental Management and Technology. . cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban RegenerationTokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of Financial Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Opportunity Rover Has Amnesia. IFLScience IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Federal Disability Assistance: Stronger Federal Oversight Could Help Assure Multiple Programs’ Accountability.Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarantopoulos, N. D. 2008. The Relationship between Values and Leadership Styles of Nonprofit Leaders.Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. 2016. In Every Breath, a Cancer Risk? New York Times .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2012; Pokrovski and Dubrovinsky 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pokrovski and Dubrovinsky 2011)
  • Three authors: (Huo, Ouyang, and Yang 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Indovina et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of Financial Studies
AbbreviationRev. Financ. Stud.
ISSN (print)0893-9454
ISSN (online)1465-7368
Economics and Econometrics

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