How to format your references using the The Review of Financial Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of Financial Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McFall-Ngai, M. 2007. Adaptive Immunity: Care for the Community. Nature 445:153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martinez, L. M., and C. A. Angell. 2001. A Thermodynamic Connection to the Fragility of Glass-Forming Liquids. Nature 410:663–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cravatt, B. F., G. M. Simon, and J. R. Yates 3rd. 2007. The Biological Impact of Mass-Spectrometry-Based Proteomics. Nature 450:991–1000.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ohmoto, H., Y. Watanabe, H. Ikemi, S. R. Poulson, and B. E. Taylor. 2006. Sulphur Isotope Evidence for an Oxic Archaean Atmosphere. Nature 442:908–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makower, T. 2014. Touching the City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gavrilova, M. L., C. J. K. Tan, and M. A. Mostafavi, eds. 2011. Transactions on Computational Science XIV: Special Issue on Voronoi Diagrams and Delaunay Triangulation. . Vol. 6970. Lecture Notes in Computer ScienceBerlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilson, T. L., K. Rohlfs, and S. Hüttemeister. 2013. Signal Processing and Receivers: Theory. In Rohlfs, K. and In S. Hüttemeister (eds.), Tools of Radio Astronomy. . Astronomy and Astrophysics LibraryBerlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of Financial Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Organic ‘Computers’ Made Of DNA Could Process Data Inside Our Bodies. IFLScience IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Social Security Administration’s Systems Modernization Plan.Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wicks, C. F. 2017. The Self-Concept of Students in Remediation in a Rural Community College in Mississippi.Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. 2017. Triumph and Tragedy by the Numbers. New York Times .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McFall-Ngai 2007).
This sentence cites two references (McFall-Ngai 2007; Martinez and Angell 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martinez and Angell 2001)
  • Three authors: (Cravatt, Simon, and Yates 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ohmoto et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of Financial Studies
AbbreviationRev. Financ. Stud.
ISSN (print)0893-9454
ISSN (online)1465-7368
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles