How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richard TL (2010) Challenges in scaling up biofuels infrastructure. Science 329:793–796
A journal article with 2 authors
Paterson WS, Reeh N (2001) Thinning of the ice sheet in northwest Greenland over the past forty years. Nature 414:60–62
A journal article with 3 authors
Pham TCT, Kim HS, Yoon KB (2011) Growth of uniformly oriented silica MFI and BEA zeolite films on substrates. Science 334:1533–1538
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mandel Y, Manivanh R, Dalal R, et al (2013) Vasoconstriction by electrical stimulation: new approach to control of non-compressible hemorrhage. Sci Rep 3:2111

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cragg PJ (2006) A Practical Guide to Supramolecular Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Timmer S, Urquiza A (eds) (2014) Evidence-Based Approaches for the Treatment of Maltreated Children: Considering core components and treatment effectiveness. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Steiger H-J, Etminan N, Hänggi D (2015) Surgical Approaches. In: Etminan N, Hänggi D (eds) Microsurgical Brain Aneurysms: Illustrated Concepts and Cases. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Ecology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Could Dark Energy Contribute To The Arrow Of Time? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) SBA Loan Monitoring System: Substantial Progress Yet Key Risks and Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavarella CA (2008) Computer -based instruction and remedial mathematics: A study of student retention at a Florida community college. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2007) After Celebrating Winning Bid, Russia Has Work Ahead. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Richard 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Paterson and Reeh 2001; Richard 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paterson and Reeh 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mandel et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0098-0331
ISSN (online)1573-1561
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Medicine

Other styles