How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson D (2000) Unesco backs “science for debt” plan. Nature 404:911
A journal article with 2 authors
Krabbenhoft DP, Sunderland EM (2013) Environmental science. Global change and mercury. Science 341:1457–1458
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang J, Mei Y, Hicks D (2014) Science communication. Comment on “Quantifying long-term scientific impact.” Science 345:149
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mold M, Eriksson H, Siesjö P, et al (2014) Unequivocal identification of intracellular aluminium adjuvant in a monocytic THP-1 cell line. Sci Rep 4:6287

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reinhard P-G, Suraud E (2008) Introduction to Cluster Dynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Braude SY, Salomonovich AE, Samanian VA, et al (eds) (2012) A Brief History of Radio Astronomy in the USSR: A Collection of Scientific Essays. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Gitlin LN (2009) Environmental Adaptations for Older Adults and Their Families in the Home and Community. In: Söderback I (ed) International Handbook of Occupational Therapy Interventions. Springer, New York, NY, pp 53–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Ecology.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Why You Should Never Wear Cheap, Unfitted Contact Lenses. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Implementing a Data Handling Policy for Space Science Flight Investigations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
To KS (2017) Loss of Promoter Methylation is Correlated with mRNA Induction of Senescence Upregulated Gene UGT78D1. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble J (2017) Bankruptcy Of Takata May Ripple For Years. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickson 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dickson 2000; Krabbenhoft and Sunderland 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krabbenhoft and Sunderland 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Mold et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0098-0331
ISSN (online)1573-1561
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Medicine

Other styles