How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis BG (2004) Biochemistry. Mimicking posttranslational modifications of proteins. Science 303:480–482
A journal article with 2 authors
Bradshaw WE, Holzapfel CM (2006) Climate change. Evolutionary response to rapid climate change. Science 312:1477–1478
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishida K, Montagner J-P, Kawakatsu H (2009) Global surface wave tomography using seismic hum. Science 326:112
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ruiz-Pesini E, Mishmar D, Brandon M, et al (2004) Effects of purifying and adaptive selection on regional variation in human mtDNA. Science 303:223–226

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar V (2006) Mobile Database Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Maydell B v. (2006) Enabling Social Policy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Harwood TM, L’Abate L (2010) Bibliotherapy. In: L’Abate L (ed) Self-Help in Mental Health: A Critical Review. Springer, New York, NY, pp 59–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Ecology.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Potential New Non-Addictive Opioid Drug Discovered. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Army Networks: Select Programs Are Utilizing Competition to Varying Degrees. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waugh DL (2012) From forgotten to remembered: The long process of school desegregation in Chapel Hill, North Carolina and Prince Edward County, Virginia. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K (2017) A Top Goldman Veteran Gets Trump’s Attention on Jobs, Taxes and More. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Davis 2004; Bradshaw and Holzapfel 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bradshaw and Holzapfel 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ruiz-Pesini et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0098-0331
ISSN (online)1573-1561
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Medicine

Other styles