How to format your references using the Behavioral Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T. (2003). NASA: trawling through the wreckage. Nature, 426(6968), 754–755.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feld, J. J., & Hoofnagle, J. H. (2005). Mechanism of action of interferon and ribavirin in treatment of hepatitis C. Nature, 436(7053), 967–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gagneux, P., Moore, J. J., & Varki, A. (2005). The ethics of research on great apes. Nature, 437(7055), 27–29.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhu, Y., Cao, C., Tao, S., Chu, W., Wu, Z., & Li, Y. (2014). Ultrathin nickel hydroxide and oxide nanosheets: synthesis, characterizations and excellent supercapacitor performances. Scientific Reports, 4, 5787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov, V. O. (2007). Using Aspect-Oriented Programming for Trustworthy Software Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Botana, F., & Quaresma, P. (Eds.). (2015). Automated Deduction in Geometry: 10th International Workshop, ADG 2014, Coimbra, Portugal, July 9-11, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiong, N., & Funk, P. (2016). Towards a Probabilistic Method for Longitudinal Monitoring in Health Care. In M. U. Ahmed, S. Begum, & W. Raad (Eds.), Internet of Things Technologies for HealthCare: Third International Conference, HealthyIoT 2016, Västerås, Sweden, October 18-19, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 30–35). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 3). Lone Porcupine Skillfully Defends Himself Against 17 Hungry Lions. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). DOD’s High-Risk Areas: Efforts to Improve Supply Chain Can Be Enhanced by Linkage to Outcomes, Progress in Transforming Business Operations, and Reexamination of Logistics Governance and Strategy (No. GAO-07-1064T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson, S. (2014). Individual sense of efficacy, collective teacher efficacy and student achievement in high achieving and low achieving urban public schools (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2016, September 8). An Exclusive Club, With Elusive Perks. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Feld & Hoofnagle, 2005; Reichhardt, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feld & Hoofnagle, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Gagneux, Moore, & Varki, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral Neuroscience
AbbreviationBehav. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0735-7044
ISSN (online)1939-0084
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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