How to format your references using the Behavioral Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shen, H. (2014). Interactive notebooks: Sharing the code. Nature, 515(7525), 151–152.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schubert, E. F., & Kim, J. K. (2005). Solid-state light sources getting smart. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5726), 1274–1278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, J., Zhu, L., & Gummerum, M. (2014). The relationship between moral judgment and cooperation in children with high-functioning autism. Scientific Reports, 4, 4314.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Irvine, D. V., Zaratiegui, M., Tolia, N. H., Goto, D. B., Chitwood, D. H., Vaughn, M. W., … Martienssen, R. A. (2006). Argonaute slicing is required for heterochromatic silencing and spreading. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5790), 1134–1137.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tung, C.-H., Sheng, G. T. T., & Lu, C.-Y. (2005). ULSI Semiconductor Technology Atlas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wagner, H.-J. (2009). Introduction to Wind Energy Systems: Basics, Technology and Operation. (J. Mathur, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bertolo, S. (2008). Information Overload and FP7 Funding Opportunities in 2009-10. In F. Železný & N. Lavrač (Eds.), Inductive Logic Programming: 18th International Conference, ILP 2008 Prague, Czech Republic, September 10-12, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 5–5). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral Neuroscience.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, January 17). New Trilobite Species Explains Longstanding Footprint Mystery. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Balancing Flexibility and Accountability: Grant Program Design in Education and Other Areas (No. T-GGD/HEHS-98-94). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britt, A. L. (2014). The Long-Term Impact of Preschool Education on Student Achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, February 6). Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of the New York Times. New York Times, p. C36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shen, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Schubert & Kim, 2005; Shen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schubert & Kim, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Li, Zhu, & Gummerum, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Irvine et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral Neuroscience
AbbreviationBehav. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0735-7044
ISSN (online)1939-0084
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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