How to format your references using the Behavioral Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chen, I. A. (2006). GE Prize-winning essay. The emergence of cells during the origin of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5805), 1558–1559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karsenty, G., & Ferron, M. (2012). The contribution of bone to whole-organism physiology. Nature, 481(7381), 314–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baird, P., Downie, J., & Thompson, J. (2002). Medicine. Clinical trials and industry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5590), 2211.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Akechi, H., Kikuchi, Y., Tojo, Y., Osanai, H., & Hasegawa, T. (2014). Neural and behavioural responses to face-likeness of objects in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Scientific Reports, 4, 3874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raju, K. S. N. (2011). Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Khalilpour, K. R. (2016). Community Energy Networks With Storage: Modeling Frameworks for Distributed Generation (A. Vassallo, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jensvold, M. L. (2014). Experimental Conversations: Sign Language Studies with Chimpanzees. In M. Pina & N. Gontier (Eds.), The Evolution of Social Communication in Primates: A Multidisciplinary Approach (pp. 63–82). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral Neuroscience.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, August 4). Three Massive Eruptions on Jupiter’s Io Within Two Weeks. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Training and Education Programs for Civilian Employees in the Federal Government (B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bakirci, A. (2010). Proteomic analysis of hepatocyte proteins in response to in vivo iron overload [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, August 28). Mets Split a Doubleheader With the Nationals as Their Bullpen Gets a Workout. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chen, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chen, 2006; Karsenty & Ferron, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karsenty & Ferron, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Baird et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Akechi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral Neuroscience
AbbreviationBehav. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0735-7044
ISSN (online)1939-0084
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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