How to format your references using the Behavioral Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craelius, W. (2002). The bionic man: restoring mobility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 1018–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chemla, Y. R., & Ha, T. (2014). Biophysics. Ultraslow relaxation of confined DNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6195), 380–381.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krug, A. Z., Jablonski, D., & Valentine, J. W. (2009). Signature of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction in the modern biota. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5915), 767–771.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Decaestecker, E., Gaba, S., Raeymaekers, J. A. M., Stoks, R., Van Kerckhoven, L., Ebert, D., & De Meester, L. (2007). Host-parasite “Red Queen” dynamics archived in pond sediment. Nature, 450(7171), 870–873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hofmeyr, G. J., Neilson, J. P., Alfirevic, Z., Crowther, C. A., Gülmezoglu, A. M., Hodnett, E. D., Gyte, G. M. L., & Duley, L. (2008). A Cochrane Pocketbook: Pregnancy and Childbirth. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shipton, H., Budhwar, P., Sparrow, P., & Brown, A. (Eds.). (2016). Human Resource Management, Innovation and Performance. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Arias, A., Petersen, J., van Engelen, A., Tang, H., Selwaness, M., Witteman, J. C. M., van der Lugt, A., Niessen, W., & de Bruijne, M. (2013). Carotid Artery Wall Segmentation by Coupled Surface Graph Cuts. In B. H. Menze, G. Langs, L. Lu, A. Montillo, Z. Tu, & A. Criminisi (Eds.), Medical Computer Vision. Recognition Techniques and Applications in Medical Imaging: Second International MICCAI Workshop, MCV 2012, Nice, France, October 5, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 38–47). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 23). Long Term Memories May Not Be Stored In Synapses Afterall. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Emergency Relief: Status of the Replacement of the Cypress Viaduct (RCED-96-136). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alai, N. L. (2017). Development of a Sport-Specific Curriculum Addressing Selfefficacy to Optimize Carbohydrate and Calorie Intake Among Male and Female High School Cross-Country Runners [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shear, M. D. (2017, May 22). An Unusual Place for a President’s Family on a Foreign Trip: Center Stage. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Craelius, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Chemla & Ha, 2014; Craelius, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chemla & Ha, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Krug et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Decaestecker et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral Neuroscience
AbbreviationBehav. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0735-7044
ISSN (online)1939-0084
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience

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