How to format your references using the Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trenberth KE. 2004. Climatology (communication arising): rural land-use change and climate. Nature. 427(6971):213; discussion 214
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien TG, Kinnaird MF. 2003. Conservation. Caffeine and conservation. Science. 300(5619):587
A journal article with 3 authors
Lanzillo NA, Kharche N, Nayak SK. 2014. Substrate-induced band gap renormalization in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Sci. Rep. 4:3609
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vora A, Gwamuri J, Pala N, Kulkarni A, Pearce JM, Güney DÖ. 2014. Exchanging Ohmic losses in metamaterial absorbers with useful optical absorption for photovoltaics. Sci. Rep. 4:4901

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton I. 2010. Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2010. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lavacchi A. 2013. Nanotechnology in Electrocatalysis for Energy, Vol. 170. New York, NY: Springer. XIII, 331 p. 131 illus., 48 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu B, Yang X, Kong L. 2015. Classification of the Infectious Diseases. In Radiology of Infectious Diseases: Volume 1, ed H Li, pp. 29–30. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Top Secret Cold War Nuclear Missile Base Unearthed By Climate Change. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Financial Crisis Threatens Continued Viability. T-RCED-97-147, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walsh MA. 2010. Passage. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Savage C, Sullivan E. 2017. Sessions Widens Official Inquiry On Media Leaks. New York Times, Aug. 4, p. A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Analytical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anal. Chem. (Palo Alto Calif.)
ISSN (print)1936-1327
ISSN (online)1936-1335
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

Other styles