How to format your references using the Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Riley P. 2009. Journal club. A molecular cardiologist looks into getting to the heart of his inner fish. Nature. 460(7259):1061
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo ME, Mitrovica JX. 2012. Collapse of polar ice sheets during the stage 11 interglacial. Nature. 483(7390):453–56
A journal article with 3 authors
Tagliabue G, Eghlidi H, Poulikakos D. 2014. Rapid-response low infrared emission broadband ultrathin plasmonic light absorber. Sci. Rep. 4:7181
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gao X, Zhang H, Zhuang W, Yuan G, Sun T, et al. 2014. PEDF and PEDF-derived peptide 44mer protect cardiomyocytes against hypoxia-induced apoptosis and necroptosis via anti-oxidative effect. Sci. Rep. 4:5637

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cortada JW. 2014. The Essential Manager. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
An edited book
Summergrad P, Kathol RG, eds. 2014. Integrated Care in Psychiatry: Redefining the Role of Mental Health Professionals in the Medical Setting. New York, NY: Springer. XV, 235 p. 9 illus., 4 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kempe CH, Silverman FN, Steele BF, Droegemueller W, Silver HK. 2013. The Battered-Child Syndrome. In C. Henry Kempe: A 50 Year Legacy to the Field of Child Abuse and Neglect, ed RD Krugman, JE Korbin, pp. 23–38. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry.

Blog post
Davis J. 2015. Is Commercial Fishing Driving The Evolution Of Fish? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Aviation Safety: FAA Can Be More Proactive in Promoting Aviation Safety. T-RCED-95-81, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez F. 2009. A historical analysis of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the United States. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. 2017. Film Series. New York Times, Feb. 9, p. C28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Analytical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anal. Chem. (Palo Alto Calif.)
ISSN (print)1936-1327
ISSN (online)1936-1335
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

Other styles