How to format your references using the Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nattel S. 2002. New ideas about atrial fibrillation 50 years on. Nature. 415(6868):219–26
A journal article with 2 authors
Gweon H, Schulz L. 2011. 16-month-olds rationally infer causes of failed actions. Science. 332(6037):1524
A journal article with 3 authors
Packer C, Pusey AE, Eberly LE. 2001. Egalitarianism in female African lions. Science. 293(5530):690–93
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang Q, Graham TE, Mody N, Preitner F, Peroni OD, et al. 2005. Serum retinol binding protein 4 contributes to insulin resistance in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Nature. 436(7049):356–62

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli D. 2005. Nanotechnology Applications to Telecommunications and Networking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fischer-Hübner S, Lambrinoudakis C, Pernul G, eds. 2009. Trust, Privacy and Security in Digital Business: 6th International Conference, TrustBus 2009, Linz, Austria, September 3-4, 2009. Proceedings, Vol. 5695. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XII, 169 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Seidel GD, Chatzigeorgiou G, Ren X, Lagoudas DC. 2014. Multiscale Modeling of Multifunctional Fuzzy Fibers Based on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. In Modeling of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and their Composites, ed KI Tserpes, N Silvestre, pp. 135–76. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Is Your Religion Ready To Meet ET? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Critical Infrastructure Protection: Progress Coordinating Government and Private Sector Efforts Varies by Sectors’ Characteristics. GAO-07-39, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehta K. 2015. An optimized modified booth recoder for efficient design of the add-multiply operator. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. 2000. Songs for Children That Won’t Make the Adults Fwow Up. New York Times, July 9, p. 143

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Analytical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anal. Chem. (Palo Alto Calif.)
ISSN (print)1936-1327
ISSN (online)1936-1335
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

Other styles