How to format your references using the Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fessenden M. 2015. The cell menagerie: human immune profiling. Nature. 525(7569):409–11
A journal article with 2 authors
Simons K, Featherstone C. 2000. EUROPEAN POLICY: Science in Europe. Science. 290(5494):1099–1101
A journal article with 3 authors
Talkington MWT, Siuzdak G, Williamson JR. 2005. An assembly landscape for the 30S ribosomal subunit. Nature. 438(7068):628–32
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kumar KA, Sano G-I, Boscardin S, Nussenzweig RS, Nussenzweig MC, et al. 2006. The circumsporozoite protein is an immunodominant protective antigen in irradiated sporozoites. Nature. 444(7121):937–40

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kossiakoff A, Sweet WN. 2005. Systems Engineering Principles and Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nakanishi TM, Tanoi K, eds. 2013. Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident. Tokyo: Springer Japan. X, 204 p. 96 illus., 69 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Fogel E, Halperin D, Wein R. 2012. Arrangements of Unbounded Curves. In CGAL Arrangements and Their Applications: A Step-by-Step Guide, ed D Halperin, R Wein, pp. 67–81. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Hungry Young Stars Change Color When They Eat Their Own Planets. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Selection of Data Centers. IMTEC-91-67, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collinsworth BM. 2014. Hospital to housing: A grant proposal for specialized discharge planning services for people who are homeless. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. 2016. Now Arriving on the New York Subway: Free E-Books, Timed for Your Commute. New York Times, Aug. 29, p. A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Analytical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anal. Chem. (Palo Alto Calif.)
ISSN (print)1936-1327
ISSN (online)1936-1335
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

Other styles