How to format your references using the The Rangeland Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Rangeland Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fryzuk MD (2013) Chemistry. More can be better in N2 activation. Science (New York, NY) 340, 1530–1531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee J-H, Paull TT (2004) Direct activation of the ATM protein kinase by the Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 complex. Science (New York, NY) 304, 93–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansen B, Turrell WR, Østerhus S (2001) Decreasing overflow from the Nordic seas into the Atlantic Ocean through the Faroe Bank channel since 1950. Nature 411, 927–930.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park MS, Ma SB, Lee DJ, Im D, Doo S-G, Yamamoto O (2014) A highly reversible lithium metal anode. Scientific reports 4, 3815.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen S (2005) ‘A Biologist’s Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Higgs J, Sheehan D, Currens JB, Letts W, Jensen GM (Eds) (2013) ‘Realising Exemplary Practice-Based Education.’ (SensePublishers: Rotterdam)
A chapter in an edited book
Souto EB, Fangueiro JF, Müller RH (2013) Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLNTM). ‘Fundamentals of Pharmaceutical Nanoscience’. (Eds IF Uchegbu, AG Schätzlein, WP Cheng, A Lalatsa) pp. 91–116. (Springer: New York, NY)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Rangeland Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2014) The Spookiest Places in the Universe. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) United States Interests and Activities in Nepal. U.S. Government Printing Office, B-177681. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Messian NM (2012) The Spiral of Time: A Path to the Soul—Jewish Mystical and Depth Psychological Perspectives. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2007) After a Fire, A Fishery Is Restocked. New York Times NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fryzuk 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Paull 2004; Fryzuk 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Paull 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Rangeland Journal
AbbreviationRangel. J.
ISSN (print)1036-9872
ISSN (online)1834-7541
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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