How to format your references using the The Rangeland Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Rangeland Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler A (2000) SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION: Push to Revive Pluto Mission May Mean Competition for JPL. Science (New York, NY) 290, 1270–1271.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zuniga A, Zeller R (2014) Development. In Turing’s hands--the making of digits. Science (New York, NY) 345, 516–517.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melchor RN, De Valais S, Genise JF (2002) Bird-like fossil footprints from the Late Triassic. Nature 417, 936–938.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fiebig M, Lottermoser T, Fröhlich D, Goltsev AV, Pisarev RV (2002) Observation of coupled magnetic and electric domains. Nature 419, 818–820.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kääriäinen T, Cameron D, Kääriäinen M-L, Sherman A (2013) ‘Atomic Layer Deposition.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Hu H, Shi X, Stahlbock R, Voß S (Eds) (2012) ‘Computational Logistics: Third International Conference, ICCL 2012, Shanghai, China, September 24-26, 2012. Proceedings.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Henzell RG, Jordan DR (2009) Grain Sorghum. ‘Cereals’. (Ed MJ Carena) pp. 183–197. (Springer US: New York, NY)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Rangeland Journal.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) More Than 200 Skeletons Discovered Underneath Parisian Market. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Transportation Security: Status of GAO Recommendations on TSA’s Security-Related Technology Acquisitions. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-16-176. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia M (2015) College preparedness program for high school students in South Los Angeles, California: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) The Know-Nothing Mets? There’s a Pattern Here. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lawler 2000; Zuniga and Zeller 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zuniga and Zeller 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Fiebig et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Rangeland Journal
AbbreviationRangel. J.
ISSN (print)1036-9872
ISSN (online)1834-7541
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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