How to format your references using the The Rangeland Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Rangeland Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service RF (2000) ELECTRONIC OPTICS: Organic Lasers Promise New Lease on Light. Science (New York, NY) 289, 519–521.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gorkin DU, Ren B (2014) Genetics: Closing the distance on obesity culprits. Nature 507, 309–310.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coppedè N, Villani M, Gentile F (2014) Diffusion driven selectivity in organic electrochemical transistors. Scientific reports 4, 4297.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Duan X, Huang Y, Cui Y, Wang J, Lieber CM (2001) Indium phosphide nanowires as building blocks for nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices. Nature 409, 66–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonald T, Feuillet M (2011) ‘Network Performance Analysis.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Shumaker R, Lackey S (Eds) (2015) ‘Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality: 7th International Conference, VAMR 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings.’ (Springer International Publishing: Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Boulding JR (2016) Women’s Movements for Social Change: Social Feminism and Equity Feminism (1994). ‘Elise Boulding: Writings on Feminism, the Family and Quakerism’. (Ed JR Boulding) Pioneers in Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Practice. pp. 41–67. (Springer International Publishing: Cham)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Rangeland Journal.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Remains Of An Enormous Sea Creature Are Baffling Beach-Goers In Wales. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) Telecommunications: Additional Action Needed to Address Significant Risks in FCC’s Lifeline Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-17-538. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mishne J (2012) An investigation of the relationships between technology use and teachers’ self-efficacy, knowledge and experience. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2015) Making All the World Their Stage. New York Times WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Service 2000; Gorkin and Ren 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gorkin and Ren 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Duan et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Rangeland Journal
AbbreviationRangel. J.
ISSN (print)1036-9872
ISSN (online)1834-7541
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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