How to format your references using the The Rangeland Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Rangeland Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kuo AD (2005) Biophysics. Harvesting energy by improving the economy of human walking. Science (New York, NY) 309, 1686–1687.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scully MO, Svidzinsky AA (2009) Physics. The super of superradiance. Science (New York, NY) 325, 1510–1511.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell A, Shennan S, Thomas MG (2009) Late Pleistocene demography and the appearance of modern human behavior. Science (New York, NY) 324, 1298–1301.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shibata N, Chisholm MF, Nakamura A, Pennycook SJ, Yamamoto T, Ikuhara Y (2007) Nonstoichiometric dislocation cores in alpha-alumina. Science (New York, NY) 316, 82–85.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hossler FE (2014) ‘Ultrastructure Atlas of Human Tissues.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
O’Toole J (2009) ‘Drama and Curriculum: A Giant at the Door.’ (M Stinson and T Moore, Eds.). (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht)
A chapter in an edited book
Dominitz A, Angenent S, Tannenbaum A (2008) On the Computation of Optimal Transport Maps Using Gradient Flows and Multiresolution Analysis. ‘Recent Advances in Learning and Control’. (Eds VD Blondel, SP Boyd, H Kimura) Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. pp. 65–78. (Springer: London)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Rangeland Journal.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) A Decade Of Work Has Decoded This Ancient Greek Astronomy ‘Computer’. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Air Traffic Control: Weak Computer Security Practices Jeopardize Flight Safety. U.S. Government Printing Office, AIMD-98-155. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson JS (2008) Boys in crisis: A grounded theory study of male high school dropouts in a rural setting. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM (2017) A Network vs. the President. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kuo 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kuo 2005; Scully and Svidzinsky 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scully and Svidzinsky 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Shibata et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Rangeland Journal
AbbreviationRangel. J.
ISSN (print)1036-9872
ISSN (online)1834-7541
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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