How to format your references using the The Rangeland Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Rangeland Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharp T (2006) Neuroscience. A new molecule to brighten the mood. Science (New York, NY) 311, 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dong F, Miller RE (2002) Vibrational transition moment angles in isolated biomolecules: a structural tool. Science (New York, NY) 298, 1227–1230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Michel P, Benz W, Richardson DC (2003) Disruption of fragmented parent bodies as the origin of asteroid families. Nature 421, 608–611.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sandberg R, Neilson JR, Sarma A, Sharp PA, Burge CB (2008) Proliferating cells express mRNAs with shortened 3’ untranslated regions and fewer microRNA target sites. Science (New York, NY) 320, 1643–1647.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marlet R (2012) ‘Program Specialization.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ USA)
An edited book
Klekamp J (2007) ‘Surgery of Spinal Tumors.’ (M Samii, Ed.). (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Rebohle L, Skorupa W (2010) Electroluminescence Spectra. ‘Rare-Earth Implanted MOS Devices for Silicon Photonics: Microstructural, Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties’. (Ed W Skorupa) Springer Series in Materials Science. pp. 53–83. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Rangeland Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Sunscreen Or Camouflage? Why So Many Animals Have Dark Backs And Pale Bellies. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) K-12 Education: Many Challenges Arise in Educating Students Who Change Schools Frequently. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-11-40. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grether S (2012) All You Need is Love? An Examination of Interracial Divorce. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J (2017) Staring Down Homelessness With a Wayfaring Spirit. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharp 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Dong and Miller 2002; Sharp 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dong and Miller 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sandberg et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Rangeland Journal
AbbreviationRangel. J.
ISSN (print)1036-9872
ISSN (online)1834-7541
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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