How to format your references using the The Rangeland Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Rangeland Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benniston A (2013) Chemistry. Corralling positively charged molecular radicals. Science (New York, NY) 339, 404–405.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kornack DR, Rakic P (2001) Cell proliferation without neurogenesis in adult primate neocortex. Science (New York, NY) 294, 2127–2130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ikegami H, Tsutsumi Y, Kono K (2013) Chiral symmetry breaking in superfluid 3He-A. Science (New York, NY) 341, 59–62.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li Q, Zhang D, Wang Y, Sun P, Hou X, Larner J, Xiong W, Mi J (2013) MiR-21/Smad 7 signaling determines TGF-β1-induced CAF formation. Scientific Reports 3, 2038.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinn JF (2013) ‘Dementia.’ (John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford)
An edited book
Cheema SK (Ed) (2006) ‘Biochemistry of Atherosclerosis.’ (Springer US: Boston, MA)
A chapter in an edited book
Larson C, Harel G, Oehrtman M, Zandieh M, Rasmussen C, Speiser R, Walter C (2013) Modeling Perspectives in Math Education Research. ‘Modeling Students’ Mathematical Modeling Competencies: ICTMA 13’. (Eds R Lesh, PL Galbraith, CR Haines, A Hurford) International Perspectives on the Teaching and Learning of Mathematical Modelling. pp. 61–71. (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Rangeland Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Scientists Change Butterfly Wings From Brown To Violet In Just 6 Generations. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Spectrum Management: Federal Government’s Use of Spectrum and Preliminary Information on Spectrum Sharing. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-12-1018T. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clemons BL (2010) A correlational study of the ventures for excellence interview-rating system and first year teacher evaluations. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2014) In the Running, Behind the Scenes. New York Times E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benniston 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kornack and Rakic 2001; Benniston 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kornack and Rakic 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Rangeland Journal
AbbreviationRangel. J.
ISSN (print)1036-9872
ISSN (online)1834-7541
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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