How to format your references using the The Rangeland Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Rangeland Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Platt FM (2014) Sphingolipid lysosomal storage disorders. Nature 510, 68–75.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knohl A, Veldkamp E (2011) Global change: indirect feedbacks to rising CO2. Nature 475, 177–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
Franco A, Malhotra N, Simonovits G (2014) Social science. Publication bias in the social sciences: unlocking the file drawer. Science (New York, NY) 345, 1502–1505.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kovtun IV, Liu Y, Bjoras M, Klungland A, Wilson SH, McMurray CT (2007) OGG1 initiates age-dependent CAG trinucleotide expansion in somatic cells. Nature 447, 447–452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Griskey RG (2005) ‘Transport Phenomena and Unit Operations.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Arezes P (Ed) (2016) ‘Advances in Safety Management and Human Factors: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors , July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA.’ (Springer International Publishing: Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Garrity DM (2015) Mobile Financial Services in Disaster Relief: Modeling Sustainability. ‘Technologies for Development: What is Essential?’ (Eds S Hostettler, E Hazboun, J-C Bolay) pp. 45–54. (Springer International Publishing: Cham)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Rangeland Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Find Evidence For 430,000-year-old Murder. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Federal Short Takeoff and Landing Transport Programs: Status and Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office, PSAD-76-172. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddirala RR (2010) Secure file transfers using mobile device. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B (2017) A Beachside Rave, by Way of Brooklyn. New York Times D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Platt 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Knohl and Veldkamp 2011; Platt 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knohl and Veldkamp 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Kovtun et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Rangeland Journal
AbbreviationRangel. J.
ISSN (print)1036-9872
ISSN (online)1834-7541
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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