How to format your references using the The Rangeland Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Rangeland Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis M (2013) Urban planning: Monumental knock-offs. Nature 494, 427–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greene CH, Pershing AJ (2007) Oceans. Climate drives sea change. Science (New York, NY) 315, 1084–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin AC, Kaschube M, Wieschaus EF (2009) Pulsed contractions of an actin-myosin network drive apical constriction. Nature 457, 495–499.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou Z-Q, Wang J, Li C-F, Guo G-C (2013) Efficient spectral hole-burning and atomic frequency comb storage in Nd(3+):YLiF4. Scientific reports 3, 2754.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hezaveh A (2007) ‘SAS® 9 Study Guide.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Steels L (Ed) (2012) ‘Computational Issues in Fluid Construction Grammar: A New Formalism for the Representation of Lexicons and Grammars.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Seifert T, Pauls F, Fettweis G (2016) Multi-TSV Crosstalk Channel Equalization with Non-uniform Quantization. ‘3D Stacked Chips: From Emerging Processes to Heterogeneous Systems’. (Eds I (abe) M Elfadel, G Fettweis) pp. 69–83. (Springer International Publishing: Cham)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Rangeland Journal.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) The Moon Might Still Have Partly Molten Insides. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Opportunities for Improving the Management of DOD Computer Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, 121729. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehlinger S (2012) Fault Lines. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2015) Puerto Rico Begins Choosing Which Payments to Make. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Knijff 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Rosenberg 2007; Dolgin 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greene and Pershing 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Isles et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Rangeland Journal
AbbreviationRangel. J.
ISSN (print)1036-9872
ISSN (online)1834-7541
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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