How to format your references using the The Rangeland Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Rangeland Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fiset S (2010) Comment on ‘Differential sensitivity to human communication in dogs, wolves, and human infants’. Science (New York, NY) 329, 142; author reply 142.
A journal article with 2 authors
Verhulst S, Tinbergen JM (2001) Variation in food supply, time of breeding, and energy expenditure in birds. Science (New York, NY) 294, 471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarborough CL, Ferrari J, Godfray HCJ (2005) Aphid protected from pathogen by endosymbiont. Science (New York, NY) 310, 1781.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bierhorst P, Knill E, Glancy S, Zhang Y, Mink A, Jordan S, Rommal A, Liu Y-K, Christensen B, Nam SW, Stevens MJ, Shalm LK (2018) Experimentally generated randomness certified by the impossibility of superluminal signals. Nature 556, 223–226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Federer WT, King F (2007) ‘Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs: Federer/Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Kappauf J (2011) ‘Logistic Core Operations with SAP: Procurement, Production and Distribution Logistics.’ (B Lauterbach and M Koch, Eds.). (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Blank W, Annema JT, Veseliç M, Rabe KF (2011) Mediastinum. ‘Chest Sonography’. (Ed G Mathis) pp. 115–139. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Rangeland Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) How Healthy Is Your Country? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) HEAF 1992 Financial Condition. U.S. Government Printing Office, HRD-93-21R. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lapizco-Encinas GC (2009) Cooperative particle swarm optimization for combinatorial problems. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B (2017) Photographer of the Skateboarding Set. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fiset 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Verhulst and Tinbergen 2001; Fiset 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Verhulst and Tinbergen 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bierhorst et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Rangeland Journal
AbbreviationRangel. J.
ISSN (print)1036-9872
ISSN (online)1834-7541
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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