How to format your references using the The Rangeland Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Rangeland Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frey PA (2001) Enzymology. Coenzymes and radicals. Science (New York, NY) 294, 2489–2490.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghose GM, Maunsell JHR (2002) Attentional modulation in visual cortex depends on task timing. Nature 419, 616–620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kühlbrandt W, Zeelen J, Dietrich J (2002) Structure, mechanism, and regulation of the Neurospora plasma membrane H+-ATPase. Science (New York, NY) 297, 1692–1696.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Statnikov A, Alekseyenko AV, Li Z, Henaff M, Perez-Perez GI, Blaser MJ, Aliferis CF (2013) Microbiomic signatures of psoriasis: feasibility and methodology comparison. Scientific reports 3, 2620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schulze V (2005) ‘Modern Mechanical Surface Treatment.’ (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG)
An edited book
Gavrilova ML, Tan CJK, Moreno ED (Eds) (2010) ‘Transactions on Computational Science XI: Special Issue on Security in Computing, Part II.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Hirabayashi J (2015) Historical and Practical Aspects of Development of Lectin Microarray Technique Lectin microarray. ‘Glycoscience: Biology and Medicine’. (Eds N Taniguchi, T Endo, GW Hart, PH Seeberger, C-H Wong) pp. 53–60. (Springer Japan: Tokyo)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Rangeland Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Successfully Chop Out Mitochondrial DNA Mutations In Mouse Embryos. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Traffic Safety: Improved Reporting and Performance Measures Would Enhance Evaluation of High-Visibility Campaigns. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-08-477. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillan-Sanderson NA (2012) A Study of the Effect of Additional Reading Assistance on Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Lee L (2011) 10 Young Upstarts Strut Their Stuff in Miami. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frey 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Frey 2001; Ghose and Maunsell 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghose and Maunsell 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Statnikov et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Rangeland Journal
AbbreviationRangel. J.
ISSN (print)1036-9872
ISSN (online)1834-7541
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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