How to format your references using the Gastric Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gastric Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Strome S. Neuroscience. Toward reprogramming gonads to brains. Science. 2011;331:292–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Francesconi M, Lehner B. The effects of genetic variation on gene expression dynamics during development. Nature. 2014;505:208–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kim D, Son S-W, Jeong H. Large-scale quantitative analysis of painting arts. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7370.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Alley RB, Lawson DE, Larson GJ, Evenson EB, Baker GS. Stabilizing feedbacks in glacier-bed erosion. Nature. 2003;424:758–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Quadbeck-Seeger H-J. World of the Elements. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2007.
An edited book
1. Juth N. The Ethics of Screening in Health Care and Medicine: Serving Society or Serving the Patient? Munthe C, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yang J, Liu H. Nanocomposites Consisting of Silver Sulfide and Noble Metals. In: Liu H, editor. Metal-Based Composite Nanomaterials. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 93–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gastric Cancer.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Thousands Of Australian Dinosaur Footprints Revealed As Some Of The World’s Largest And Most Diverse [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/thousands-of-australian-dinosaur-footprints-revealed-as-some-of-the-worlds-largest-and-most-diverse/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Government-Wide Guidelines and Management Assistance Center Needed To Improve ADP Systems Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Feb. Report No.: AFMD-81-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pierre RR. A Phenomenological Study of the Boomerang-Employment Experience of Scientists and Engineers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times. 2015 Apr 10;C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGastric Cancer
AbbreviationGastric Cancer
ISSN (print)1436-3291
ISSN (online)1436-3305
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine
Gastroenterology
Oncology

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