How to format your references using the Gastric Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gastric Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Weinberg S. Scientist: four golden lessons. Nature. 2003;426:389.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sloan PA, Palmer RE. Two-electron dissociation of single molecules by atomic manipulation at room temperature. Nature. 2005;434:367–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Taylor PD, Day T, Wild G. Evolution of cooperation in a finite homogeneous graph. Nature. 2007;447:469–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wagner U, Gais S, Haider H, Verleger R, Born J. Sleep inspires insight. Nature. 2004;427:352–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gaisford S, Saunders M. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Preformulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Hazelwood RR, editor. Wives of Child Molesters Within the Family. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Parker G. Punctuated Anytime Learning for Autonomous Agent Control. In: El-Osery A, Prevost J, editors. Control and Systems Engineering: A Report on Four Decades of Contributions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 89–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gastric Cancer.

Blog post
1. Fang J. 3D Cancer Vaccine Recruits Infection-Fighting Cells [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/3d-cancer-vaccine-recruits-infection-fighting-cells/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Patent and Trademark Office: Key Processes for Managing Automated Patent System Development Are Weak. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Sep. Report No.: AIMD-93-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Castro Deller E. Recognizing signs of dementia: A curriculum for child welfare workers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Baked Treats of Portugal. New York Times. 2010 Feb 21;NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGastric Cancer
AbbreviationGastric Cancer
ISSN (print)1436-3291
ISSN (online)1436-3305
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine
Gastroenterology
Oncology

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