How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernstein R: Science by any means necessary. Science 2015;347:686.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thyer R, Ellefson J: Synthetic biology: New letters for life’s alphabet. Nature 2014;509:291–292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tenenbaum JB, de Silva V, Langford JC: A global geometric framework for nonlinear dimensionality reduction. Science 2000;290:2319–2323.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sun Y, Tsuchiya Y, Taen T, Yamada T, Pyon S, Sugimoto A, et al.: Dynamics and mechanism of oxygen annealing in Fe1+yTe0.6Se0.4 single crystal. Sci Rep 2014;4:4585.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous A: Applied Metrology for Manufacturing Engineering, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2011.
An edited book
Shigemura J, Chhem RK, editors: Mental Health and Social Issues Following a Nuclear Accident: The Case of Fukushima, Tokyo, Springer Japan, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Abidi N, Klawonn F, Thumfart JO: Time Point Estimation of a Single Sample from High Throughput Experiments Based on Time-Resolved Data and Robust Correlation Measures; in Tucker A, Höppner F, Siebes A, Swift S (eds): Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XII: 12th International Symposium, IDA 2013, London, UK, October 17-19, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013, pp 32–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Researchers grow human kidney using stem cells. IFLScience 2013;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Medicare Computer Systems: Year 2000 Challenges Put Benefits and Services in Jeopardy, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton DL: Preparing instrumental teachers: A resource for volunteer, lay music teachers in Salvation Army churches 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruiz RR, Longman J: Brazil’s Economic Woes Force Paralympic Cuts. New York Times 2016;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1464-1801
ISSN (online)1660-2412
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles