How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marty T: Research efficiency: Clean up the waste. Nature 2012;484:27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tripati A, Elderfield H: Deep-sea temperature and circulation changes at the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Science 2005;308:1894–1898.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hagan CL, Kim S, Kahne D: Reconstitution of outer membrane protein assembly from purified components. Science 2010;328:890–892.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Flo TH, Smith KD, Sato S, Rodriguez DJ, Holmes MA, Strong RK, et al.: Lipocalin 2 mediates an innate immune response to bacterial infection by sequestrating iron. Nature 2004;432:917–921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl B, Herrenknecht M, Maidl U, Wehrmeyer G: Mechanised Shield Tunnelling, Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2012.
An edited book
Technau GM, editor: Brain Development in Drosophila melanogaster, New York, NY, Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Kyriazopoulou C: Architectures and Requirements for the Development of Smart Cities: A Literature Study; in Helfert M, Krempels K-H, Klein C, Donellan B, Guiskhin O (eds): Smart Cities, Green Technologies, and Intelligent Transport Systems: 4th International Conference, SMARTGREENS 2015, and 1st International Conference VEHITS 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, May 20-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp 75–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J: Stephen Hawking Warns Us About Artificial Intelligence [Internet]. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/stephen-hawking-responds-questions-reddit-discusses-ai-and-women/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: Agencies Need to Strengthen Oversight of Multibillion Dollar Investments in Operations and Maintenance, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cornejo VM: Teachers’ perceptions about promoting mental health in the classroom 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L: Whirl of Contradictions On Election Interference. New York Times 2017;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1464-1801
ISSN (online)1660-2412
ScopeBiotechnology
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Microbiology

Other styles