How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis G: Scientists and societies. Planning for a positive postdoc. Nature 2005;434:1162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrel L, Willard HF: X-inactivation profile reveals extensive variability in X-linked gene expression in females. Nature 2005;434:400–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeon S-M, Chandel NS, Hay N: AMPK regulates NADPH homeostasis to promote tumour cell survival during energy stress. Nature 2012;485:661–665.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu Z, Pagani M, Zinniker D, Deconto R, Huber M, Brinkhuis H, et al.: Global cooling during the eocene-oligocene climate transition. Science 2009;323:1187–1190.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith IM, Griffiths DV, Margetts L: Programming the Finite Element Method, Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
Manente M: Responsible Tourism and CSR: Assessment Systems for Sustainable Development of SMEs in Tourism, Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Ellis P: The Ethics of Taking Sides; in Roche C, Horton K (eds): Ethical Questions and International NGOs: An exchange between Philosophers and NGOs. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2010, pp 65–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Universal Snake Venom Antidote On The Horizon [Internet]. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Issues Related to FAA’s Effectiveness, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pak CH: A study of high-performing at-risk high school students and their perceptions on academic success and achievement 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L: Our Creation, Our Concern. New York Times 2006;WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1464-1801
ISSN (online)1660-2412
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles