How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benderly BL: Not your father’s postdoc. Science 2005;308:717–718.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dandekar P, Doherty MF: Materials science. Imaging crystallization. Science 2014;344:705–706.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shalm LK, Adamson RBA, Steinberg AM: Squeezing and over-squeezing of triphotons. Nature 2009;457:67–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Knapp AK, Fay PA, Blair JM, Collins SL, Smith MD, Carlisle JD, et al.: Rainfall variability, carbon cycling, and plant species diversity in a mesic grassland. Science 2002;298:2202–2205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Helsel DR: Statistics for Censored Environmental Data Using Minitab® and R, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Galarza AIR: Introduction to Classical Geometries, Basel, Birkhäuser, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Placier P, Pinnegar S, Hamilton ML, Guilfoyle K: Exploring the Concept of Dialogue in the Self-Study of Teaching Practices; in Kosnik C, Beck C, Freese AR, Samaras AP (eds): Making a Difference in Teacher Education Through Self-Study: Studies of Personal, Professional and Program Renewal. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2005, pp 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Forgotten Amber Collection Gives New Insight To Ancient Ecosystems [Internet]. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Labor Has Progressed But Selected Systems Remain at Risk, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy KT: A Heuristic Study of Religious Spirituality and Meaningful Work 2016;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L: Over Guantánamo, Justices Come Under Election-Year Spotlight. New York Times 2008;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1464-1801
ISSN (online)1660-2412
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles