How to format your references using the IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Goodman, “Battle to save beleaguered beluga,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6843, p. 108, Jul. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Epshtein and E. Nudler, “Cooperation between RNA polymerase molecules in transcription elongation,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5620, pp. 801–805, May 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. H. Ahn, J.-M. Triscone, and J. Mannhart, “Electric field effect in correlated oxide systems,” Nature, vol. 424, no. 6952, pp. 1015–1018, Aug. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Ge, E. L. K. Goh, K. A. Sailor, Y. Kitabatake, G.-L. Ming, and H. Song, “GABA regulates synaptic integration of newly generated neurons in the adult brain,” Nature, vol. 439, no. 7076, pp. 589–593, Feb. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Shinohara and N. Tagmatarchis, Endohedral Metallofullerenes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
Y. I. Manin, Introduction to Modern Number Theory: Fundamental Problems, Ideas and Theories, 2nd ed., vol. 49. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Overgaard and K. Sandberg, “Kinds of Access: Different Methods for Report Reveal Different Kinds of Metacognitive Access,” in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Metacognition, S. M. Fleming and C. D. Frith, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, pp. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Top Rooster Always Crows First,” IFLScience, Jul. 27, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Making Progress, but Planned Savings Goals Need to Be Established [Reissued on March 4, 2016],” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-16-323, Mar. 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. K. Kasun, “Economic effectiveness of physician organizational models in a California integrated healthcare system,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kolomatsky, “One Subway Stop Changes the Rent,” New York Times, p. RE2, May 19, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems
AbbreviationIEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Top. Circuits Syst.
ISSN (print)2156-3357
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles