How to format your references using the IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Koenig, “HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS: Bulgarians Sue CERN for Leniency,” Science, vol. 290, no. 5490, p. 252, Oct. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Ford and E. H. Spafford, “Computer science. Happy birthday, dear viruses,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5835, pp. 210–211, Jul. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Tran, T. J. Brenner, and S. DiNardo, “Somatic control over the germline stem cell lineage during Drosophila spermatogenesis,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6805, pp. 754–757, Oct. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Ogura et al., “Loss of the six3/6 controlling pathways might have resulted in pinhole-eye evolution in Nautilus,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1432, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. N. Barron, Game Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
D. Mueller-Hoeppe, S. Loehnert, and S. Reese, Eds., Recent Developments and Innovative Applications in Computational Mechanics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
A. M. S. B. S. Gorgulho, R. F. M. F. Neves, and N. C. G. Horta, “System Validation,” in Intelligent Financial Portfolio Composition based on Evolutionary Computation Strategies, R. F. M. F. Neves and N. C. G. Horta, Eds., in SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. , Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 57–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Why Public Health Scholars Should Study Pornography,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Security: Registered Traveler Program Policy and Implementation Issues,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-03-253, Nov. 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.-W. D. Liu, “Isolation and Characterization of pco-1, which Encodes a Regulatory Protein that Controls Purine Degradation in Neurospora crassa,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Coaches Come and Go, Except JoePa,” New York Times, p. B11, Jan. 13, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems
AbbreviationIEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Top. Circuits Syst.
ISSN (print)2156-3357
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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