How to format your references using the IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Quinn, “No conflict between SLAC and Japan’s KEK. Stanford Linear Accelerator Center,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6779, p. 701, Apr. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. A. Johnson and N. W. Ashcroft, “Structure and bandgap closure in dense hydrogen,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6770, pp. 632–635, Feb. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. J. Rust, S. S. Golden, and E. K. O’Shea, “Light-driven changes in energy metabolism directly entrain the cyanobacterial circadian oscillator,” Science, vol. 331, no. 6014, pp. 220–223, Jan. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. E. Kato et al., “Structural mechanisms of selectivity and gating in anion channelrhodopsins,” Nature, vol. 561, no. 7723, pp. 349–354, Sep. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. P. Pohanish, HazMat Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
H. Selin, Ed., Parenting Across Cultures: Childrearing, Motherhood and Fatherhood in Non-Western Cultures, vol. 7. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Othieno and J. Awange, “Energy Resources in Western and Central Africa,” in Energy Resources in Africa: Distribution, Opportunities and Challenges, J. Awange, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 165–192.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems.

Blog post
K. Evans, “17 Science-Backed Ways Men Can Appear More Attractive To Women,” IFLScience, 22-Jul-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Summary of Improvement Actions Taken by the Government Printing Office in the Utilization and Management of Automatic Data Processing Resources,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, FGMSD-76-58, May 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. M. Blandin, “Re-conceptualizing leadership for an era of complexity and uncertainty: A case study of leadership in a complex adaptive system,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Marx, “A Horse of a Different Color,” New York Times, p. ST17, 10-Nov-2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems
AbbreviationIEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Top. Circuits Syst.
ISSN (print)2156-3357
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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