How to format your references using the IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Pronin, “How we see ourselves and how we see others,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5880, pp. 1177–1180, May 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Menand and S. R. Tait, “A phenomenological model for precursor volcanic eruptions,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6838, pp. 678–680, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Gebauer, A. Völkel, and H. Cölfen, “Stable prenucleation calcium carbonate clusters,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5909, pp. 1819–1822, Dec. 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, “A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer,” Nature, vol. 422, no. 6932, pp. 596–599, Apr. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Balan and M. Neagu, Jet Single-Time Lagrange Geometry and Its Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
D. Basin and J. C. Mitchell, Eds., Principles of Security and Trust: Second International Conference, POST 2013, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2013, Rome, Italy, March 16-24, 2013. Proceedings, vol. 7796. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Bart, M. A. Kaashoek, and A. C. M. Ran, “Explicit solutions using realizations,” in A State Space Approach to Canonical Factorization with Applications, M. A. Kaashoek and A. C. M. Ran, Eds. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2010, pp. 37–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Scientists Take Step Forward In Quest To Convert Carbon Dioxide To Biofuel,” IFLScience, Sep. 30, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Acquisition: A Comprehensive Strategy Is Needed for Cultural Change at FAA,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-96-159, Aug. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Aldaco, “Latinas attainment of higher education: What factors contribute to their success?,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Kelly and A. Rappeport, “Trump’s Tax Cut Could Lead to Broad Avoidance,” New York Times, p. A17, May 09, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems
AbbreviationIEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Top. Circuits Syst.
ISSN (print)2156-3357
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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