How to format your references using the IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Stickgold, “Sleep-dependent memory consolidation,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7063, pp. 1272–1278, Oct. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Dubrulle and O. Pourquié, “fgf8 mRNA decay establishes a gradient that couples axial elongation to patterning in the vertebrate embryo,” Nature, vol. 427, no. 6973, pp. 419–422, Jan. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Acquisti, J. Kleffe, and S. Collins, “Oxygen content of transmembrane proteins over macroevolutionary time scales,” Nature, vol. 445, no. 7123, pp. 47–52, Jan. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. M. Egan et al., “COX-2-derived prostacyclin confers atheroprotection on female mice,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5703, pp. 1954–1957, Dec. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Renaud, K.-H. Kim, and M. Cho, Dynamics of Housing in East Asia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
S. C. Anderson, Mutual Funds: Fifty Years of Research Findings, vol. 16. in Innovations in Financial Markets and Institutions, vol. 16. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Åström, A. C. Freschi, and S. Montin, “E-forums: Refreshing the Representative Relationship?,” in Renewal in European Local Democracies: Puzzles, Dilemmas and Options, L. Schaap and H. Daemen, Eds., Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2012, pp. 79–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Sea Snakes Have A Unique Sense For Detecting Underwater Movement,” IFLScience, Jun. 08, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-752R, Jun. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. De Anda, “Factors that contribute to the stigma of mental illness,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, “From Hockey 101 to a Ph.D,” New York Times, p. D1, May 22, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems
AbbreviationIEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Top. Circuits Syst.
ISSN (print)2156-3357
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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