How to format your references using the Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jensen, M. C. (2015). IMMUNOLOGY. Synthetic immunobiology boosts the IQ of T cells. Science 350, 514–515.
A journal article with 2 authors
Warner, D. A., and Shine, R. (2008). The adaptive significance of temperature-dependent sex determination in a reptile. Nature 451, 566–568.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barkeshli, M., Berg, E., and Kivelson, S. (2014). Coherent transmutation of electrons into fractionalized anyons. Science 346, 722–725.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Flanagan, J. F., Mi, L.-Z., Chruszcz, M., Cymborowski, M., Clines, K. L., Kim, Y., et al. (2005). Double chromodomains cooperate to recognize the methylated histone H3 tail. Nature 438, 1181–1185.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanby, M. (2013). No God, No Science?. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Stephanidis, C. ed. (2005). Universal Access in Health Telematics: A Design Code of Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Do, H., and McDonagh, D. L. (2016). “Pediatric Neuroanesthesia,” in Pediatric Vascular Neurosurgery: Principles and Practice of Neurovascular Disorders (Part 1), eds. A. Agrawal and G. Britz (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Sex Lives Of Australian “Demon Ducks” Determined From Treasure Trove Of Fossils. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Air Traffic Control: System Management Capabilities Improved, but More Can Be Done to Institutionalize Improvements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beard, A. R. (2017). Absence Causation in Mechanistic Explanation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Currie, A., and Hay, G. (2010). Protracted Wait for G.M. Payback. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jensen, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Warner and Shine, 2008; Jensen, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Warner and Shine, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Flanagan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Predictive Toxicity
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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