How to format your references using the Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, J. M. (2006). Paleontology. A different kind of croc. Science 311, 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blackburn, E. H., and Epel, E. S. (2012). Telomeres and adversity: Too toxic to ignore. Nature 490, 169–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
Manoukis, N. C., Hall, B., and Geib, S. M. (2014). A computer model of insect traps in a landscape. Sci. Rep. 4, 7015.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Scharmer, G. B., Gudiksen, B. V., Kiselman, D., Löfdahl, M. G., and van der Voort, L. H. M. R. (2002). Dark cores in sunspot penumbral filaments. Nature 420, 151–153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherian, A. (2015). Energy and Global Climate Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Águeda Marujo, H., and Neto, L. M. eds. (2014). Positive Nations and Communities: Collective, Qualitative and Cultural-Sensitive Processes in Positive Psychology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wolford, W., Lu, F., and Valdivia, G. (2013). “Environmental Crisis and the Production of Alternatives: Conservation Practice(s) in the Galapagos Islands,” in Science and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands: Frameworks & Perspectives Social and Ecological Interactions in the Galapagos Islands., eds. S. J. Walsh and C. F. Mena (New York, NY: Springer), 87–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity.

Blog post
Felton, J. (2017). Florida Man’s Attempt To Kiss Rattlesnake Goes Horribly Wrong. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Airline Competition: Higher Fares and Reduced Competition at Concentrated Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plosky, W. D. (2017). An Investment Case for Addressing Social Drivers of Structural Stigma and Discrimination Against Refugees in Resource-Poor Urban Areas.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte, L. (2011). Scouting Report. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clark, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Blackburn and Epel, 2012; Clark, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blackburn and Epel, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Scharmer et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Predictive Toxicity
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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