How to format your references using the Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liechti, K. M. (2015). Materials science. Understanding friction in layered materials. Science 348, 632–633.
A journal article with 2 authors
Floyd, S. K., and Bowman, J. L. (2004). Gene regulation: ancient microRNA target sequences in plants. Nature 428, 485–486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Catrysse, P. B., Liu, V., and Fan, S. (2014). Complete power concentration into a single waveguide in large-scale waveguide array lenses. Sci. Rep. 4, 6635.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, X., Arai, S., Song, X., Reichart, D., Du, K., Pascual, G., et al. (2008). Induced ncRNAs allosterically modify RNA-binding proteins in cis to inhibit transcription. Nature 454, 126–130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirwan, M. J. (2013). Handbook of Paper and Paperboard Packaging Technology. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kreveld, M. van, and Speckmann, B. eds. (2012). Graph Drawing: 19th International Symposium, GD 2011, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, September 21-23, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kingsley, G. T., and Pettit, K. L. S. (2011). “Quality of Life at a Finer Grain: The National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership,” in Community Quality-of-Life Indicators: Best Cases V, eds. M. J. Sirgy, R. Phillips, and D. Rahtz (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 67–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Limb Regeneration Might Have Been The Original State For All Four-Legged Animals. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s Fiscal Years 1998 and 1997 Financial Statements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher, J. D. (2015). A profile of the chief student affairs officers of the California State University system.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O., and Patel, S. (2016). Because I Was a Girl. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liechti, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Floyd and Bowman, 2004; Liechti, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Floyd and Bowman, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Predictive Toxicity
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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