How to format your references using the Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, M.-C. (2011). Genome-sequencing anniversary. A healthy son. Science 331, 1026.
A journal article with 2 authors
Field, J., and Brace, S. (2004). Pre-social benefits of extended parental care. Nature 428, 650–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamada, Y., Kawabe, T., and Miyazaki, M. (2013). Pattern randomness aftereffect. Sci. Rep. 3, 2906.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lahiri, S. D., Zhang, G., Dunaway-Mariano, D., and Allen, K. N. (2003). The pentacovalent phosphorus intermediate of a phosphoryl transfer reaction. Science 299, 2067–2071.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jaitly, R. (2016). Practical Operational Due Diligence on Hedge Funds. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Blokhuis, H., Miele, M., Veissier, I., and Jones, B. eds. (2013). Improving farm animal welfare: Science and society working together: the Welfare Quality approach. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Dunn, D. H., Johnson, E. M., Kemp, K., Ganz, R., Leon, S., and Banerji, N. (2014). “Robotic Assisted Operations for Gastroesophageal Reflux,” in Robotics in General Surgery, ed. K. C. Kim (New York, NY: Springer), 33–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017). San Francisco Biohackers Are Wearing Implants Made For Diabetes In The Pursuit Of “Human Enhancement.” IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Post-9/11 GI Bill: Additional Actions Needed to Help Reduce Overpayments and Increase Collections. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, K. (2014). Riot Bias: A Textual Analysis of Pussy Riot’s Coverage in Russian and American Media.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). Baseball Since 1869; Last Pennant Only Seems That Long Ago. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Field and Brace, 2004; King, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Field and Brace, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lahiri et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Predictive Toxicity
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

Other styles