How to format your references using the Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fabian, A. C. (2008). Astronomy. A blast from the past. Science 320, 1167–1168.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexander, T., and Natarajan, P. (2014). Rapid growth of seed black holes in the early universe by supra-exponential accretion. Science 345, 1330–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Birbeck, G. L., Meyer, A.-C., and Ogunniyi, A. (2015). Nervous system disorders across the life course in resource-limited settings. Nature 527, S167-71.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ruiz-Pesini, E., Mishmar, D., Brandon, M., Procaccio, V., and Wallace, D. C. (2004). Effects of purifying and adaptive selection on regional variation in human mtDNA. Science 303, 223–226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pettit, J. (2017). The Final Frontier. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rosenblatt, J., Podack, E. R., Barber, G. N., and Ochoa, A. eds. (2014). Advances in Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bickhoff, N., Hollensen, S., and Opresnik, M. (2014). “Step 3: Marketing Implementation—Executing the Marketing Plan,” in The Quintessence of Marketing: What You Really Need to Know to Manage Your Marketing Activities Quintessence Series., eds. S. Hollensen and M. Opresnik (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 111–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). China To Build New National Park 60% Bigger Than Yellowstone To Save The Siberian Tiger. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of State Automated Systems to Support Federal Welfare Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kane, B. H. (2017). A Qualitative Exploratory Inquiry of Communicating in a Multigenerational Traditional-Rational Organization.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Two Familiar Faces Rejoin Mets’ Bullpen. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fabian, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fabian, 2008; Alexander and Natarajan, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alexander and Natarajan, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ruiz-Pesini et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Predictive Toxicity
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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