How to format your references using the Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirkpatrick, S. (2003). Computer science. Rough times ahead. Science 299, 668–669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flannigan, D. J., and Suslick, K. S. (2005). Plasma formation and temperature measurement during single-bubble cavitation. Nature 434, 52–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailor, M. H., Sun, X., and Al-Hashimi, H. M. (2010). Topology links RNA secondary structure with global conformation, dynamics, and adaptation. Science 327, 202–206.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wagner, F. E., Haslbeck, S., Stievano, L., Calogero, S., Pankhurst, Q. A., and Martinek, K. P. (2000). Before striking gold in gold-ruby glass. Nature 407, 691–692.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pepper, G., and Oliver, M. J. (2006). The Liquidity Theory of Asset Prices. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Hlavínek, P., and Zeleňáková, M. eds. (2015). Storm Water Management: Examples from Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ben-Daya, M. (2009). “Failure Mode and Effect Analysis,” in Handbook of Maintenance Management and Engineering, eds. M. Ben-Daya, S. O. Duffuaa, A. Raouf, J. Knezevic, and D. Ait-Kadi (London: Springer), 75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Predictive Toxicity.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). GM Potatoes With Health Benefits Approved By USDA. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greene, B. (2017). Repercussions of the Dark Valley - Reenacting And Reinterpreting an Era via Fantasy Manga.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017). Child Custody Fight May Sideline Azarenka. New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirkpatrick, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kirkpatrick, 2003; Flannigan and Suslick, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flannigan and Suslick, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wagner et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Predictive Toxicity
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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