How to format your references using the The Ocular Surface citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Ocular Surface. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sarewitz D. Double trouble? To throw cash at science is a mistake. Nature 2010;468:135.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Flatt T, Promislow DEL. Physiology. Still pondering an age-old question. Science 2007;318:1255–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kalas P, Liu MC, Matthews BC. Discovery of a large dust disk around the nearby star AU Microscopii. Science 2004;303:1990–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Shu X, Royant A, Lin MZ, Aguilera TA, Lev-Ram V, Steinbach PA, et al. Mammalian expression of infrared fluorescent proteins engineered from a bacterial phytochrome. Science 2009;324:804–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Blevins RD. Formulas for Dynamics, Acoustics and Vibration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Hutter K, editor. Nonlinear Internal Waves in Lakes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Erbsen A. The Substance and Illusion of Lex Sportiva. In: Siekmann RCR, Soek J, editors. Lex Sportiva: What is Sports Law?, The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press; 2012, p. 91–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Ocular Surface.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. NASA’s Juno Spacecraft Will Arrive At Jupiter This Week. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasas-juno-spacecraft-will-arrive-at-jupiter-this-week/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Impacts of Utility Relocations on Highway and Bridge Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wheeler JA. The Scaling of High Harmonics with Mid-Infrared Driving Fields and a Method for the Spatial Isolation of Individual Subfemtosecond Pulses. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hodara S. Where Medieval Armor Meets the Aquatic. New York Times 2013:WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Ocular Surface
AbbreviationOcul. Surf.
ISSN (print)1542-0124
ScopeOphthalmology

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