How to format your references using the Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maquet P., 2001 The role of sleep in learning and memory. Science 294: 1048–1052.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert K. A., and M. B. Thompson, 2001 Sex determination. Viviparous lizard selects sex of embryos. Nature 412: 698–699.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakatsuji S., N. Kiyohara, and T. Higo, 2015 Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature. Nature 527: 212–215.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Scott I. C., I. L. Blitz, W. N. Pappano, S. A. Maas, K. W. Cho, et al., 2001 Homologues of Twisted gastrulation are extracellular cofactors in antagonism of BMP signalling. Nature 410: 475–478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neuber A., and T. Nuttall, 2017 Diagnostic Techniques in Veterinary Dermatology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Catalano C., 2012 L’angio-TC dell’aorta(A. Napoli, and B. C. Marincola, Eds.). Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Vermeulen F., 2013 Roman Urban Survey: The Mapping and Monitoring of Complex Settlement Sites with Active Aerial Photography, pp. 69–85 in Good Practice in Archaeological Diagnostics: Non-invasive Survey of Complex Archaeological Sites, Natural Science in Archaeology. edited by Corsi C., Slapšak B., Vermeulen F. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetics.

Blog post
Hale T., 2016 Why You Should Always Order The Bigger Pizza, According To Mathematics. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010 Students With Disabilities: More Information and Guidance Could Improve Opportunities in Physical Education and Athletics. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barajas D., 2010 The marginalization of Zitkala-Ša and Wendy Rose

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roach M., 2011 In Space, Nice Guys Finish First. New York Times WK12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maquet 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Robert and Thompson 2001; Maquet 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robert and Thompson 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Scott et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetics
ISSN (print)0016-6731
ISSN (online)1943-2631

Other styles