How to format your references using the Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bahcall O., 2015 Precision medicine. Nature 526: 335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu Y., and P. H. Daum, 2002 Anthropogenic aerosols. Indirect warming effect from dispersion forcing. Nature 419: 580–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taggart A. K. P., S.-C. Teng, and V. A. Zakian, 2002 Est1p as a cell cycle-regulated activator of telomere-bound telomerase. Science 297: 1023–1026.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Itatani J., J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, et al., 2004 Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals. Nature 432: 867–871.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zheng F., and T. Kaiser, 2016 Digital Signal Processing for RFID. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Turner B. (Ed.), 2007 The Statesman’s Yearbook 2008: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Johnson R. D., Y. Akagi, D. J. Fleetwood, D. M. Gardiner, M. Kodama, et al., 2013 4 Fungal Toxins of Agricultural Importance, pp. 75–113 in Agricultural Applications, edited by Kempken F. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetics.

Blog post
Hamilton K., 2017 Climate Change And Poverty Are As Much Of A Threat As Terrorism For Many Young People. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014 Small Business Research Programs: More Guidance and Oversight Needed to Comply with Spending and Reporting Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turkel C. C., 2008 Female leaders’ 360-degree self -perception accuracy for leadership competencies and skills

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S., 2006 Shostakovich Is Scaled Down After Protests From Church. New York Times E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bahcall 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Liu and Daum 2002; Bahcall 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Daum 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Itatani et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetics
ISSN (print)0016-6731
ISSN (online)1943-2631

Other styles