How to format your references using the Current Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Barley S. Animal research: The radical. Nature. 2011;470:454–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hemmi JM, Zeil J. Robust judgement of inter-object distance by an arthropod. Nature. 2003;421:160–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wara MW, Ravelo AC, Delaney ML. Permanent El Niño-like conditions during the Pliocene warm period. Science. 2005;309:758–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Politi A, Cryan MJ, Rarity JG, Yu S, O’Brien JL. Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits. Science. 2008;320:646–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Giannini F, Leuzzi G. Nonlinear Microwave Circuit Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Kohlbacher F, Herstatt C, editors. The Silver Market Phenomenon: Business Opportunities in an Era of Demographic Change. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hulbert GM, Ma Z-D, Wang J. Gluing for Dynamic Simulation of Distributed Mechanical Systems. In: Ambrósio JAC, editor. Advances in Computational Multibody Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 69–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Oncology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Watch A Zebrafish Brain As It Thinks And Moves [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Technology’s Role in Addressing Vulnerabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Sep. Report No.: T-RCED/NSIAD-96-262.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Garibay O. Towards a hybrid approach to mariachi education - Bridging the gap between formal and informal transmission of musical culture [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Detainees at Guantánamo Fight Further Appeal Delay. New York Times. 2008 Feb 22;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Oncology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Oncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1523-3790
ISSN (online)1534-6269

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