How to format your references using the Current Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kostelecký VA. Precision measurement: The magnetic proton. Nature. 2014;509:571–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Garcia CM, Ramirez E. Evidence that sensory traps can evolve into honest signals. Nature. 2005;434:501–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rowe TB, Macrini TE, Luo Z-X. Fossil evidence on origin of the mammalian brain. Science. 2011;332:955–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Turner G, Harrison TM, Holland G, Mojzsis SJ, Gilmour J. Extinct 244Pu in ancient zircons. Science. 2004;306:89–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Safonov VO. Trustworthy Cloud Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Kurtz J. ASP.NET Web API 2: Building a REST Service from Start to Finish. Wortman B, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sarkar M, Theuwissen A. Design of a CMOS Polarization Sensor. In: Theuwissen A, editor. A Biologically Inspired CMOS Image Sensor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 105–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Oncology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Watch A Snake Swallow A Giant Egg [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Emergency Communications: Vulnerabilities Remain and Limited Collaboration and Monitoring Hamper Federal Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Jun. Report No.: GAO-09-604.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lee BK. Tracking of truck flows for drayage efficiency analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Reservoir’s Sunken Fountain Is Rising From the Deep. New York Times. 2003 Jun 29;145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Oncology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Oncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1523-3790
ISSN (online)1534-6269

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