How to format your references using the The Nucleus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Nucleus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stevens CF. An evolutionary scaling law for the primate visual system and its basis in cortical function. Nature. 2001;411:193–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shneiderman B, Preece J. Public health. 911.gov. Science. 2007;315:944.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Herbst J, Heyne K, Diller R. Femtosecond infrared spectroscopy of bacteriorhodopsin chromophore isomerization. Science. 2002;297:822–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tao K, Wang J, Li Y, Xia D, Shan H, Xu H, et al. Short peptide-directed synthesis of one-dimensional platinum nanostructures with controllable morphologies. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lynn PA. Electricity from Sunlight. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Brevini TAL. Gametogenesis, Early Embryo Development and Stem Cell Derivation. Pennarossa G, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kulich M, Krajník T, Přeučil L, Duckett T. To Explore or to Exploit? Learning Humans’ Behaviour to Maximize Interactions with Them. In: Hodicky J, editor. Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems: Third International Workshop, MESAS 2016, Rome, Italy, June 15-16, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 48–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Nucleus.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Baby Duck-Billed Dinosaurs Found In Dragon’s Tomb Site [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/baby-duck-billed-dinosaurs-found-dragons-tomb-site/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Training: Practices of Leading Private-Sector Companies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jan. Report No.: GAO-03-390.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Salters DD. The effects of independent reading on the reading comprehension skills of sixth-grade students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. Board Renewing Searches By Trained Dogs at School. New York Times. 2007 Feb 4;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Nucleus
AbbreviationNucleus (Calcutta)
ISSN (print)0029-568X
ISSN (online)0976-7975
ScopeCell Biology
Genetics
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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