How to format your references using the The Nucleus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Nucleus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gewin V. Industry lured by the gains of going green. Nature. 2005;436:173.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rauch SL, Carlezon WA Jr. Neuroscience. Illuminating the neural circuitry of compulsive behaviors. Science. 2013;340:1174–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. McCulloh KA, Sperry JS, Adler FR. Water transport in plants obeys Murray’s law. Nature. 2003;421:939–42.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. DiLuzio WR, Turner L, Mayer M, Garstecki P, Weibel DB, Berg HC, et al. Escherichia coli swim on the right-hand side. Nature. 2005;435:1271–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Zauderer E. Partial Differential Equations of Applied Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Ramiro Fariñas D, Oris M, editors. New Approaches to Death in Cities during the Health Transition. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Türker N, Toh ZQ, Karagiannis TC, Licciardi PV. Anti-inflammatory Effects of Probiotics and Their Metabolites: Possible Role for Epigenetic Effects. In: Maulik N, Karagiannis T, editors. Molecular mechanisms and physiology of disease: Implications for Epigenetics and Health. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 127–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Nucleus.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Where Is All The “Missing” Carbon Going? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/deserts-carbon-sinks-come/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Rural Development: Steps Towards Realizing the Potential of Telecommunications Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jun. Report No.: RCED-96-155.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Alderson M. Procedural Justice and Police Encounters with Homeless Injecting Drug Users [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Chasing Trane: The John Coltrane Documentary. New York Times. 2017 Apr 13;C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Nucleus
AbbreviationNucleus (Calcutta)
ISSN (print)0029-568X
ISSN (online)0976-7975
ScopeCell Biology
Genetics
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

Other styles