How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirchman, D., 2009. Journal club. A microbial ecologist learns something new from an old-fashioned study. Nature 459, 13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, P., Werb, Z., 2008. Patterning mechanisms of branched organs. Science 322, 1506–1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Della Negra, M., Jenni, P., Virdee, T.S., 2012. Journey in the search for the Higgs boson: the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider. Science 338, 1560–1568.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sengupta, S., Eavarone, D., Capila, I., Zhao, G., Watson, N., Kiziltepe, T., Sasisekharan, R., 2005. Temporal targeting of tumour cells and neovasculature with a nanoscale delivery system. Nature 436, 568–572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Will, H., 2011. »Sei naiv und mach’ ein Experiment«: Feodor Lynen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Alós-Ferrer, C., 2016. The Theory of Extensive Form Games, Springer Series in Game Theory, Official Series of the Game Theory Society. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Belleannée, C., Sallou, O., Nicolas, J., 2014. Logol: Expressive Pattern Matching in Sequences. Application to Ribosomal Frameshift Modeling, in: Comin, M., Käll, L., Marchiori, E., Ngom, A., Rajapakse, J. (Eds.), Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics: 9th IAPR International Conference, PRIB 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, August 21-23, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 34–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Policy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. 2016 Was The Hottest Year On Record For The Third Time In A Row [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. School Vouchers: Publicly Funded Programs in Cleveland and Milwaukee (No. GAO-01-914). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Uzoff, P.P., 2014. Virtual school teacher’s science efficacy beliefs: The effects of community of practice on science-teaching efficacy beliefs (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wyndham, S., 2017. The Circles of Hellhaus. New York Times BR19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirchman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kirchman, 2009; Lu and Werb, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu and Werb, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sengupta et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Policy
ISSN (print)1462-9011
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles