How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keeling, R.F., 2005. Comment on “The ocean sink for anthropogenic CO2.” Science 308, 1743; author reply 1743.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drain, P.K., Barry, M., 2010. Global health. Fifty years of U.S. embargo: Cuba’s health outcomes and lessons. Science 328, 572–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whiting, M.F., Bradler, S., Maxwell, T., 2003. Loss and recovery of wings in stick insects. Nature 421, 264–267.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roos, C.F., Riebe, M., Häffner, H., Hänsel, W., Benhelm, J., Lancaster, G.P.T., Becher, C., Schmidt-Kaler, F., Blatt, R., 2004. Control and measurement of three-qubit entangled states. Science 304, 1478–1480.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higman, B.W., 2011. How Food Made History. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fritz, J.M., Rhéaume, J. (Eds.), 2014. Community Intervention: Clinical Sociology Perspectives, Clinical Sociology: Research and Practice. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Walker, J., Reddell, P., 2007. Retrogressive Succession and Restoration on Old Landscapes, in: Walker, L.R., Walker, J., Hobbs, R.J. (Eds.), Linking Restoration and Ecological Succession, SPRINGER SERIES ON ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 69–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Science Of Doping And How Cheating Athletes Pass Drug Tests [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Federal Research: NASA Should Better Inform Researchers about How to Appeal Dissemination Decisions (No. GAO-10-200). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fresolone, C., 2012. The pedagogical use of Gerald Near’s “Chantworks” (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. International Rents Per Square Foot. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keeling, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Drain and Barry, 2010; Keeling, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drain and Barry, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Roos et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Policy
ISSN (print)1462-9011
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

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