How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kempermann, G., 2013. Neuroscience. What the bomb said about the brain. Science 340, 1180–1181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haiser, H.J., Turnbaugh, P.J., 2012. Is it time for a metagenomic basis of therapeutics? Science 336, 1253–1255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willner, A.E., Wang, J., Huang, H., 2012. Applied physics. A different angle on light communications. Science 337, 655–656.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, L.T., Aragão, L.E.O.C., Sabel, C.E., Nakaya, T., 2014. Drought impacts on children’s respiratory health in the Brazilian Amazon. Sci. Rep. 4, 3726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroese, D.P., Taimre, T., Botev, Z.I., Rubinstein, R.Y., 2007. Simulation and the Monte Carlo Method: Solutions Manual to Accompany, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Picot, A., 2015. The Internationalization of German Software-based Companies: Sustainable Growth Strategies for Small and Medium-sized Companies, Progress in IS. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Heinemann, G., Gaiser, C., 2015. Study: Status and Potential of Location-based services, in: Gaiser, C. (Ed.), Social - Local - Mobile: The Future of Location-Based Services, Management for Professionals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 155–185.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Policy.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Dig Begins For Legendary Nazi Gold Train [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Information Technology: Responses to Subcommittee Post-Hearing Questions Regarding the FBI’s Management Practices and Acquisition of a New Investigative Case Management System (No. GAO-06-302R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkowitz, E.S., 2013. Some novel phenomena at high density (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L., 2012. Jenna Miranda and Mitch Meyers. New York Times ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kempermann, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Haiser and Turnbaugh, 2012; Kempermann, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haiser and Turnbaugh, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Policy
ISSN (print)1462-9011
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

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