How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldhous, P., 2000. Global warming could be bad news for Arctic ozone layer. Nature 404, 531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillips, G.N., Evans, K.A., 2004. Role of CO2 in the formation of gold deposits. Nature 429, 860–863.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rojas, J.P., Torres Sevilla, G.A., Hussain, M.M., 2013. Can we build a truly high performance computer which is flexible and transparent? Sci. Rep. 3, 2609.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dixit, N.M., Layden-Almer, J.E., Layden, T.J., Perelson, A.S., 2004. Modelling how ribavirin improves interferon response rates in hepatitis C virus infection. Nature 432, 922–924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dincer, I., Rosen, M.A., Ahmadi, P., 2017. Optimization of Energy Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Yacob, N.A., Mohamed, M., Megat Hanafiah, M.A.K. (Eds.), 2016. Regional Conference on Science, Technology and Social Sciences (RCSTSS 2014): Science and Technology, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Jeong, E., Kim, D., 2014. Detecting the Vibration in the Artificial Web Inspired by the Spider, in: Pobil, A.P. del, Chinellato, E., Martinez-Martin, E., Hallam, J., Cervera, E., Morales, A. (Eds.), From Animals to Animats 13: 13th International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior, SAB 2014, Castellón, Spain, July 22-25, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Policy.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Scientists Make Voles Fall In Love By Stimulating A Brain Connection [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Weather Forecasting: Improvements Needed in Laboratory Software Development Processes (No. AIMD-95-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, E.P., 2014. Curriculum development for nursing assistants: Pressure ulcer prevention module (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L., 2017. A Nascar Driver Finds His ‘Shooting Star.’ New York Times ST9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aldhous, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Aldhous, 2000; Phillips and Evans, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phillips and Evans, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Dixit et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Policy
ISSN (print)1462-9011
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

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