How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tian, P., 2011. Convergence: Where West meets East. Nature 480, S84-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuang, S., Zhang, T., 2014. Smelling directions: olfaction modulates ambiguous visual motion perception. Sci. Rep. 4, 5796.
A journal article with 3 authors
Siveter, D.J., Williams, M., Waloszek, D., 2001. A phosphatocopid crustacean with appendages from the Lower Cambrian. Science 293, 479–481.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keller, M., Lange, B., Hayasaka, K., Lange, W., Walther, H., 2004. Continuous generation of single photons with controlled waveform in an ion-trap cavity system. Nature 431, 1075–1078.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bannwarth, H., 2005. Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps, Compressors and Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Liamputtong, P. (Ed.), 2016. Children and Young People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Cultural Perspective, Cross-Cultural Research in Health, Illness and Well-Being. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gordon, M., Guo, S., Hogan, H.B., 2016. Abuse: Elder Abuse, in: Have, H.T. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 14–21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Policy.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. The Science Behind Why This Photograph Looks Fake [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Pipeline Safety: Use of Instrumented Technology to Inspect Pipelines (No. T-RCED-93-41). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lynch, S.D., 2008. Distortion of low-frequency acoustic signals by interaction with the moving ocean surface (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, H., Shear, M.D., Searcey, D., 2017. Travel Ban on Chad Could Harm American Interests, Officials Say. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tian, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kuang and Zhang, 2014; Tian, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuang and Zhang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Keller et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Policy
ISSN (print)1462-9011
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

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