How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blake, D., 2004. Gaining medical momentum. Nature 429, 19–23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, G.T., Pitnick, S., 2002. Sperm-female coevolution in Drosophila. Science 298, 1230–1233.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bard, E., Hamelin, B., Delanghe-Sabatier, D., 2010. Deglacial meltwater pulse 1B and Younger Dryas sea levels revisited with boreholes at Tahiti. Science 327, 1235–1237.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bao, H., Thiemens, M.H., Farquhar, J., Campbell, D.A., Lee, C.C., Heine, K., Loope, D.B., 2000. Anomalous 17O compositions in massive sulphate deposits on the Earth. Nature 406, 176–178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goudon, T., 2016. Mathematics for Modeling and Scientific Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mustakova-Possardt, E., Lyubansky, M., Basseches, M., Oxenberg, J. (Eds.), 2014. Toward a Socially Responsible Psychology for a Global Era, International and Cultural Psychology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Maul, S.M., 2015. Telling the Future: Reflections on the Status of Divination in Ancient Near Eastern Politics, in: Meusburger, P., Gregory, D., Suarsana, L. (Eds.), Geographies of Knowledge and Power, Knowledge and Space. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 123–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Policy.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Tech Start-Up Creates Environmentally Friendly And Meat-Free Cheeseburgers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Benefit and Loan Programs: Improved Data Sharing Could Enhance Program Integrity (No. HEHS-00-119). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pratt, P.R., 2009. Analysis of the thermo-mechanical characteristics of the LENSTM process for steels using the finite element method (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S., 2017. Not Just Us. New York Times MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blake, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Blake, 2004; Miller and Pitnick, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Pitnick, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bao et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Policy
ISSN (print)1462-9011
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

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