How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2006. Rumblings from the fringe. Nature 439, 910–911.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirchmaier, A.L., Rine, J., 2001. DNA replication-independent silencing in S. cerevisiae. Science 291, 646–650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winn, J.N., Rusin, D., Kochanek, C.S., 2004. The central image of a gravitationally lensed quasar. Nature 427, 613–615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kagey, M.H., Newman, J.J., Bilodeau, S., Zhan, Y., Orlando, D.A., van Berkum, N.L., Ebmeier, C.C., Goossens, J., Rahl, P.B., Levine, S.S., Taatjes, D.J., Dekker, J., Young, R.A., 2010. Mediator and cohesin connect gene expression and chromatin architecture. Nature 467, 430–435.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brendel, R., 2005. Thin-Film Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Downey, R.G., 2013. Fundamentals of Parameterized Complexity, Texts in Computer Science. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Harding, S., 2011. Interrogating the Modernity vs. Tradition Contrast: Whose Science and Technology for Whose Social Progress?, in: Grasswick, H.E. (Ed.), Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Power in Knowledge. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 85–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Policy.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Researchers Reveal The First Warm-Blooded Fish [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Army Transportation: Alleged Overcharges on Rail Shipments to and From Ft. Irwin, California (No. NSIAD-88-174). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leak, S.C., 2010. Building community capacity to meet the needs of our aging society: Interdisciplinary competency development for professionals (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis, G., 2013. Mozart Is the Big Draw, but Variety Is the Goal. New York Times 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2006; Kirchmaier and Rine, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirchmaier and Rine, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kagey et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Policy
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Policy
ISSN (print)1462-9011
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

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