How to format your references using the Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M (2015) Assessing science. Nature 520:S1
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanaka M, Lisberger SG (2001) Regulation of the gain of visually guided smooth-pursuit eye movements by frontal cortex. Nature 409:191–194
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripathi S, Li H, Poulos TL (2013) Structural basis for effector control and redox partner recognition in cytochrome P450. Science 340:1227–1230
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dijkstra MH, Pirinen E, Huusko J, et al (2014) Lack of cardiac and high-fat diet induced metabolic phenotypes in two independent strains of Vegf-b knockout mice. Sci Rep 4:6238

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimon R (2013) Enterprise Performance Management Done Right. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Borghese F (2007) Scattering from Model Nonspherical Particles: Theory and Applications to Environmental Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Griffin P, Cagasan L, Care E, et al (2016) Formative Assessment Policy and Its Enactment in the Philippines. In: Laveault D, Allal L (eds) Assessment for Learning: Meeting the Challenge of Implementation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 75–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Mysterious Martian Plumes May Have Been Caused By Powerful Solar Ejections. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Commercial Aviation: Better Information about Airline-Imposed Fees and the Refundability of Government-Imposed Taxes and Fees Could Benefit Consumers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Betts K (2017) Ready, Steady, Putt! An Exhibition About the History of Miniature Golf in America. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) The Harpsichordist With a Chip on His Keyboard. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
AbbreviationCancer Chemother. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0344-5704
ISSN (online)1432-0843
ScopeCancer Research
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles