How to format your references using the Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Popov VL (2014) Analytic solution for the limiting shape of profiles due to fretting wear. Sci Rep 4:3749
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauschecker JP, Shannon RV (2002) Sending sound to the brain. Science 295:1025–1029
A journal article with 3 authors
Quinto-Su PA, Suzuki M, Ohl C-D (2014) Fast temperature measurement following single laser-induced cavitation inside a microfluidic gap. Sci Rep 4:5445
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Moustafa A, Beszteri B, Maier UG, et al (2009) Genomic footprints of a cryptic plastid endosymbiosis in diatoms. Science 324:1724–1726

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frantzen AJ (2012) Anglo-Saxon Keywords. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Cleophas TJ (2014) Machine Learning in Medicine - Cookbook Two. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Klisnick A, Le Marec A, Meng L, et al (2016) Spectral Properties of Collisional Xuv Lasers for the Amplification of Femtosecond Pulses. In: Rocca J, Menoni C, Marconi M (eds) X-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) No, That Incredible Atlas V Launch Was Not A UFO. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) [Federal Policies and Practices for Acquiring Information Technology Can Be Improved]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Decena M (2010) What variables affect Peritoneal Dialysis growth? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) You’re Killing Me Susana. New York Times C13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
AbbreviationCancer Chemother. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0344-5704
ISSN (online)1432-0843
ScopeCancer Research
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles