How to format your references using the Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hambley TW (2007) Chemistry. Metal-based therapeutics. Science 318:1392–1393
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Maillard I, Pear WS (2007) Immunology. Keeping a tight leash on Notch. Science 316:840–842
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Latimer AM, Silander JA Jr, Cowling RM (2005) Neutral ecological theory reveals isolation and rapid speciation in a biodiversity hot spot. Science 309:1722–1725
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Liu P, Zhang H, Lv M, et al (2014) Enzymatic production of 5-aminovalerate from L-lysine using L-lysine monooxygenase and 5-aminovaleramide amidohydrolase. Sci Rep 4:5657

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vander Vorst A, Rosen A, Kotsuka Y (2005) RF/Microwave Interaction with Biological Tissues. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Mehdipour P (2013) Telomere Territory and Cancer. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lucas GR (2014) Permissible Preventive Cyberwar: Restricting Cyber Conflict to Justified Military Targets. In: Floridi L, Taddeo M (eds) The Ethics of Information Warfare. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 73–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Burial Pods Could Turn Cemeteries Into Forests. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/one-day-green-cemeteries-will-use-corpses-help-trees-grow/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1983) U.S. Preparations for the 1983 Regional Administrative Radio Conference. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Escobedo NL (2014) A continuing bonds grief support group for Latinas who have lost a child: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J (2017) It’s Time to Retrieve Time’s Time Capsule. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
AbbreviationCancer Chemother. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0344-5704
ISSN (online)1432-0843
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology
Pharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology
Toxicology

Other styles