How to format your references using the Clinical Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Hypertension. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. King M-C. “The race” to clone BRCA1. Science. 2014;343:1462–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Martin TJ, Mundy GR. Bone metastasis: can osteoclasts be excluded? Nature. 2007;445:E19; discussion E19-20.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Xu Y, Ramu Y, Lu Z. Removal of phospho-head groups of membrane lipids immobilizes voltage sensors of K+ channels. Nature. 2008;451:826–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yu Y, Tong Q, Li Z, Tian J, Wang Y, Su F, et al. Improved site-specific recombinase-based method to produce selectable marker- and vector-backbone-free transgenic cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Beach D. The Responsible Conduct of Research. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 1996.
An edited book
1. Kosmidou K, Doumpos M, Zopounidis C, editors. Country Risk Evaluation. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. de Haas C, Ryan R. Family Centered Care in a Health Care Setting. In: Rubin IL, Merrick J, Greydanus DE, Patel DR, editors. Health Care for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities across the Lifespan. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Hypertension.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Watch The Test Flight Launch of the Deep-Space Orion Spacecraft [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-test-flight-launch-deep-space-orion-spacecraft/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Research and Development: Lessons Learned from Previous Research Could Benefit FreedomCAR Initiative. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Jun. Report No.: GAO-02-810T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Luscinski A. Best Practices in Adult Online Learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Yevgeny Kolobov, 57; Founded an Opera Theater. New York Times. 2003 Jun 17;A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Hypertension
AbbreviationClin. Hypertens.
ISSN (online)2056-5909
Scope

Other styles