How to format your references using the The Neuroscientist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Neuroscientist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glass L. 2001. Synchronization and rhythmic processes in physiology. Nature 410:277–284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clark AG, Messer PW. 2015. Evolutionary genomics. Conundrum of jumbled mosquito genomes. Science 347:27–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loudet JC, Hanusse P, Poulin P. 2004. Stokes drag on a sphere in a nematic liquid crystal. Science 306:1525.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Neumann B, Walter T, Hériché J-K, Bulkescher J, Erfle H, Conrad C, and others. 2010. Phenotypic profiling of the human genome by time-lapse microscopy reveals cell division genes. Nature 464:721–727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindahl D. 2007. Emerging Real Estate Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Marron PJ, Voigt T, Corke P, Mottola L eds. 2010. Real-World Wireless Sensor Networks: 4th International Workshop, REALWSN 2010, Colombo, Sri Lanka, December 16-17, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Saraswat V. 2014. Concurrent Constraint Programming Research Programmes – Redux. In: O’Sullivan B, editor. Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming: 20th International Conference, CP 2014, Lyon, France, September 8-12, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 6–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Neuroscientist.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2016. NASA’s Juno Mission Involves A Scientific Joke That Took 400 Years To Set Up. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. The National Institute of Education Should Further Increase Minority and Female Participation in Its Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masuyama G. 2010. The Bird Is A Word.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver N. 2012. The Weatherman Is Not a Moron. New York Times:MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Glass 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Glass 2001; Clark and Messer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clark and Messer 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Neumann and others 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Neuroscientist
ISSN (print)1073-8584
ISSN (online)1089-4098
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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