How to format your references using the The Neuroscientist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Neuroscientist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schrope M. 2007. Digging deep. Nature 447:246–247.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kramer EM, Donohue K. 2006. Evolution. Traversing the adaptive landscape in snapdragons. Science 313:924–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Croon MB, Hillier JK, Sclater JG. 2011. Comment on “Mantle flow drives the subsidence of oceanic plates.” Science 331:1011; author reply 1011.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jones T, Ehardt CL, Butynski TM, Davenport TRB, Mpunga NE, Machaga SJ, and others. 2005. The highland mangabey Lophocebus kipunji: a new species of African monkey. Science 308:1161–1164.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindahl D. 2008. Multi-Family Millions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Castelnuovo G. 2011. La donazione in Italia: Situazione e prospettive della donazione di sangue, organi, tessuti, cellule e midollo osseo. (Menici R, Fedi M, editors.). Milano: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Hayman C. 2014. Maximizing the Potential of Locally Led Peacebuilding in Conflict Affected States. In: Hellmüller S, Santschi M, editors. Is Local Beautiful?: Peacebuilding between International Interventions and Locally Led Initiatives. SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Neuroscientist.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. NASA Hubble Telescope Sees A Storm In Lagoon Nebula. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Transportation Security Administration’s Office of Intelligence: Responses to Posthearing Questions Regarding Secure Flight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wylie RW. 2017. Response to Intervention: A Study of Intervention Programs in Rural Secondary Schools.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik JF. 2016. Accelerators Lend Help to a Business Idea Trying to Catch Fire. New York Times:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schrope 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kramer and Donohue 2006; Schrope 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kramer and Donohue 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones and others 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Neuroscientist
ISSN (print)1073-8584
ISSN (online)1089-4098
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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