How to format your references using the The Neuroscientist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Neuroscientist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski D. 2004. Curiosity makes way for capitalism. Nature 429:216–219.
A journal article with 2 authors
St Laurent LC, Thurnherr AM. 2007. Intense mixing of lower thermocline water on the crest of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Nature 448:680–683.
A journal article with 3 authors
McMichael AJ, Butler CD, Folke C. 2003. New visions for addressing sustainability. Science 302:1919–1920.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang K, Kurmoo M, Wei L-Q, Zeng M-H. 2013. Iterative mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography to study ion-trapping and rearrangements by a flexible cluster. Sci. Rep. 3:3516.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Habart-Corlosquet M, Janssen J, Manca R. 2013. VaR Methodology for Non-Gaussian Finance. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hurst CJ ed. 2016. The Rasputin Effect: When Commensals and Symbionts Become Parasitic. Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder M, Barman RN. 2013. Application of a Genetic Algorithm to Predict the Growth Rate of Bufo melanostictus in Urban Forest. In: Majumder M, Barman RN, editors. Application of Nature Based Algorithm in Natural Resource Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. pp. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Neuroscientist.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2016. My Brain Made Me Do It: Will Neuroscience Change The Way We Punish Criminals? IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Emergency Management: Status of School Districts’ Planning and Preparedness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galvarin M. 2008. Special education paraeducators as instructional support.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pendleton I. 1934. THE HIGHWAY BEAUTIFUL; Private Citizens and State Officials Cooperate to Create Natural Scenery Along Paved Roads. New York Times:DRAMA SCREEN MUSIC RADIO FASHIONS ARTX12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2004; St Laurent and Thurnherr 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (St Laurent and Thurnherr 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang and others 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Neuroscientist
ISSN (print)1073-8584
ISSN (online)1089-4098
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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