How to format your references using the The Neuroscientist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Neuroscientist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franson JD. 2013. Physics. Beating classical computing without a quantum computer. Science 339:767–768.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fu X, Harberd NP. 2003. Auxin promotes Arabidopsis root growth by modulating gibberellin response. Nature 421:740–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Callou C, Samzun A, Zivie A. 2004. Archaeology: a lion found in the Egyptian tomb of Maïa. Nature 427:211–212.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fukuda K, Hikichi K, Sekine T, Takeda Y, Minamiki T, Kumaki D, and others. 2013. Strain sensitivity and durability in p-type and n-type organic thin-film transistors with printed silver electrodes. Sci. Rep. 3:2048.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corley RHV, Tinker PB. 2015. The Oil Palm. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Ferracchiati FC. 2011. Windows Phone Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach. (Garofalo E, editor.). Berkeley, CA: Apress
A chapter in an edited book
Kong L-A, Wu W-J. 2012. The Construction of the Security Ability System in Coal Enterprise. In: Jin D, Lin S, editors. Advances in Electronic Engineering, Communication and Management Vol.2: Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Electronic Engineering, Communication and Management (EECM 2011), held on December 24–25, 2011, Beijing, China. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 19–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Neuroscientist.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Mushrooms Could Extend Battery Life. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Significant Actions Needed to Address Long-standing Financial Management Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schaper P. 2010. Meaning making: Learning in whistle blowing.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger S, Anderson C. 2017. Assange Rape Inquiry Is Dropped, but His Legal Troubles Remain Daunting. New York Times:A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Franson 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fu and Harberd 2003; Franson 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fu and Harberd 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Fukuda and others 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Neuroscientist
ISSN (print)1073-8584
ISSN (online)1089-4098
ScopeClinical Neurology
General Neuroscience

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