How to format your references using the Progress in Materials Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Progress in Materials Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgenstern M. Physics. STM ready for the time domain. Science 2010;329:1609–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nogués-Bravo D, Rahbek C. Ecology. Communities under climate change. Science 2011;334:1070–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Campbell JE, Lobell DB, Field CB. Greater transportation energy and GHG offsets from bioelectricity than ethanol. Science 2009;324:1055–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Emerson J, Weinstein YS, Saraceno M, Lloyd S, Cory DG. Pseudo-random unitary operators for quantum information processing. Science 2003;302:2098–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith C, Meeking D. How to Succeed at the Medical Interview. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Redington AN, Arsdell GSV, Anderson RH, editors. Congenital Diseases in the Right Heart. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
van Velzen C, Bezzina C, Lorist P. Partnerships Between Schools and Teacher Education Institutes. In: Swennen A, Klink M van der, editors. Becoming a Teacher Educator: Theory and Practice for Teacher Educators, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009, p. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Progress in Materials Science.

Blog post
Fang J. This Parasitic Flatworm Does Not Like the Tropics. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medical ADP Systems: Automated Medical Records Hold Promise to Improve Patient Care. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freedman R. Assessing the functional recovery and connectivity potential of restored estuaries in southern California using juvenile predator fish movements. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY J, Mueller B. Glimpses Inside Secretive Sect After Teenager’s Fatal Beating. New York Times 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProgress in Materials Science
AbbreviationProg. Mater. Sci.
ISSN (print)0079-6425
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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