How to format your references using the Results in Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loubere, P.: Marine control of biological production in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. Nature. 406, 497–500 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Baxter, G.W., Olafsen, J.S.: Kinetics: Gaussian statistics in granular gases. Nature. 425, 680 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Munoz, F., Couteron, P., Hubbell, S.P.: Comment on “Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality.” Science. 336, 1639; author reply 1639 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Andrews, O.E., Cha, D.J., Wei, C., Patton, J.G.: RNAi-mediated gene silencing in zebrafish triggered by convergent transcription. Sci. Rep. 4, 5222 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todeschini, R., Baccini, A.: Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2016)
An edited book
Hunt, J.L. ed: Molecular Pathology of Endocrine Diseases. Springer US, Boston, MA (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Schwartz, D., Haider, A.: Studying Surgical Disparities: It’s Not All Black and White. In: Dimick, J.B. and Greenberg, C.C. (eds.) Success in Academic Surgery: Health Services Research. pp. 47–61. Springer, London (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Would We Want To Regenerate Brains Of Patients Who Are Clinically Dead?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: USDA Graduate School: Revenue Reporting Needs to Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zitko, J.A.: Effects of Random Cross-Sectioned Distributions, Fiber Misalignment and Interphases in Three-Dimensional Composite Models on Transverse Shear Modulus, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B.: Trump Puts Barometers of Wall St. to the Test, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Mathematics
AbbreviationResults Math.
ISSN (print)1422-6383
ISSN (online)1420-9012
ScopeMathematics (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics

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