How to format your references using the Results in Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hawley, R.S.: Molecular biology. Hitting a tiny target in the dark. Science. 331, 870–871 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis, C.S., McGillicuddy, D.J., Jr: Transatlantic abundance of the N2-fixing colonial cyanobacterium Trichodesmium. Science. 312, 1517–1520 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Han, J.S., Szak, S.T., Boeke, J.D.: Transcriptional disruption by the L1 retrotransposon and implications for mammalian transcriptomes. Nature. 429, 268–274 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hennigs, J.K., Baumann, H.J., Lüneburg, N., Quast, G., Harbaum, L., Heyckendorf, J., Sydow, K., Schulte-Hubbert, B., Halank, M., Klose, H.: Fibrinogen plasma concentration is an independent marker of haemodynamic impairment in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Sci. Rep. 4, 4808 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan, M.M., Islam, M.R.: Zero Waste Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Long, S., Dhillon, B.S. eds: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Man-Machine-Environment System Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Rexer, M., Pail, R., Fecher, T., Meyer, U.: Time Variable Gravity: Contributions of GOCE Satellite Data to Monthly and Bi-monthly GRACE Gravity Field Estimates. In: Marti, U. (ed.) Gravity, Geoid and Height Systems: Proceedings of the IAG Symposium GGHS2012, October 9-12, 2012, Venice, Italy. pp. 35–40. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Bigger Is Better After All,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Secure Flight: TSA Could Take Additional Steps to Strengthen Privacy Oversight Mechanisms. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, S.S.: Professionals’ perceptions of effective interventions with elderly hoarders, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Kovaleski, S.F., Coscarelli, J.: Pain and Pills, and Help Too Late to Save Prince, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Mathematics
AbbreviationResults Math.
ISSN (print)1422-6383
ISSN (online)1420-9012
ScopeMathematics (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics

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