How to format your references using the Results in Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stone, R.: EASTERN EUROPE: Help Needed to Rebuild Science in Yugoslavia. Science. 290, 690–695 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Mears, C.A., Wentz, F.J.: The effect of diurnal correction on satellite-derived lower tropospheric temperature. Science. 309, 1548–1551 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Maurya, S.R., Chaturvedi, D., Mahalakshmi, R.: Modulating lipid dynamics and membrane fluidity to drive rapid folding of a transmembrane barrel. Sci. Rep. 3, 1989 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mistlberger, R.E., Yamazaki, S., Pendergast, J.S., Landry, G.J., Takumi, T., Nakamura, W.: Comment on “Differential rescue of light- and food-entrainable circadian rhythms.” Science. 322, 675; author reply 675 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beckers, B., Beckers, P.: Reconciliation of Geometry and Perception in Radiation Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Ors Yalcin, S.B. ed: Radio Frequency Identification: Security and Privacy Issues: 6th International Workshop, RFIDSec 2010, Istanbul, Turkey, June 8-9, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
McCarthy, J.M., Soh, G.S.: Planar Kinematics. In: Soh, G.S. (ed.) Geometric Design of Linkages. pp. 75–92. Springer, New York, NY (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Mathematics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Help Kickstart More Science On The Most Mysterious Star In The Galaxy,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: How Funds Granted to the Eisenhower College and the Rayburn Library Were Spent. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1976)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monforton, C.: Evaluation of the impact of a mandatory safety training regulation on occupational injury and fatality rates among U.S. stone, sand and gravel miners, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Russia Sentences Estonian to 15 Years in Spy Case, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Mathematics
AbbreviationResults Math.
ISSN (print)1422-6383
ISSN (online)1420-9012
ScopeMathematics (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics

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