How to format your references using the Results in Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen, A.: Pharmacogenomics: playing the odds. Nature. 474, S9-10 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Derynck, R., Zhang, Y.E.: Smad-dependent and Smad-independent pathways in TGF-beta family signalling. Nature. 425, 577–584 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Senghas, A., Kita, S., Ozyürek, A.: Children creating core properties of language: evidence from an emerging sign language in Nicaragua. Science. 305, 1779–1782 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Masuzaki, H., Paterson, J., Shinyama, H., Morton, N.M., Mullins, J.J., Seckl, J.R., Flier, J.S.: A transgenic model of visceral obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Science. 294, 2166–2170 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGrath, A.E.: Luther’s Theology of the Cross. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Milewski, J.: Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling. Springer, London (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Moumtzoglou, A., Kastania, A.: An Expository Discourse of E-Health. In: Pardalos, P.M., Georgiev, P.G., Papajorgji, P., and Neugaard, B. (eds.) Systems Analysis Tools for Better Health Care Delivery. pp. 49–63. Springer, New York, NY (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Saving Nemo: How Climate Change Threatens Anemonefish And Their Homes,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Supplemental Student Loans: Who Borrows and Who Defaults. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hufnagel, D.: Search for the Cabibbo-Supressed D+ Meson Decays D+ → π+π 0 and D+ → K+ π0, (2005)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McCAIN, J.: I Choose the Kurds, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Mathematics
AbbreviationResults Math.
ISSN (print)1422-6383
ISSN (online)1420-9012
ScopeMathematics (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics

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