How to format your references using the Soil Biology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Biology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mel, B.W., 2002. Neurobiology. What the synapse tells the neuron. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295, 1845–1846.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wyithe, J.S.B., Loeb, A., 2002. Magnification of light from many distant quasars by gravitational lenses. Nature 417, 923–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Browne, J., Tunnacliffe, A., Burnell, A., 2002. Anhydrobiosis: plant desiccation gene found in a nematode. Nature 416, 38.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Römpler, H., Rohland, N., Lalueza-Fox, C., Willerslev, E., Kuznetsova, T., Rabeder, G., Bertranpetit, J., Schöneberg, T., Hofreiter, M., 2006. Nuclear gene indicates coat-color polymorphism in mammoths. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313, 62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kraehmer, H., Baur, P., 2013. Weed Anatomy. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Lip, G.Y.H., Shantsila, E. (Eds.), 2013. Handbook of Oral Anticoagulation, 2nd ed. 2013. ed. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley.
A chapter in an edited book
Klees, S.J., 2012. World Bank and Education, in: Klees, S.J., Samoff, J., Stromquist, N.P. (Eds.), The World Bank and Education: Critiques and Alternatives. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Biology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why are Pandas so Chilled? The Clue is in the Bamboo [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Financial Management Systems: Status of OMB’s Review of Financial System Projects (No. GAO-12-184R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curti, C.L., 2017. Talking About Science Interests: The Importance of Feedback Appraisals When Students Talk About Their Interests in STEM (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2016. What Shot Rocky Up Those Steps. New York Times AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mel, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Mel, 2002; Wyithe and Loeb, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wyithe and Loeb, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Römpler et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Biology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationSoil Biol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0038-0717
ScopeSoil Science

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