How to format your references using the Soil Biology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Biology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neylon, C., 2012. Science publishing: Open access must enable open use. Nature 492, 348–349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lorenz, U.J., Zewail, A.H., 2014. Nanofluidics. Observing liquid flow in nanotubes by 4D electron microscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344, 1496–1500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bezryadin, A., Lau, C.N., Tinkham, M., 2000. Quantum suppression of superconductivity in ultrathin nanowires. Nature 404, 971–974.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rabinowitz, D., Helin, E., Lawrence, K., Pravdo, S., 2000. A reduced estimate of the number of kilometre-sized near-Earth asteroids. Nature 403, 165–166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kent, J., 2017. ADA in Details. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Seuret, A., Özbay, H., Bonnet, C., Mounier, H. (Eds.), 2014. Low-Complexity Controllers for Time-Delay Systems, Advances in Delays and Dynamics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mark, D., Varma, J., LaMarche, J., Horovitz, A., Kim, K., 2015. The Devil in the Detail View, in: Varma, J., LaMarche, J., Horovitz, A., Kim, K. (Eds.), More IPhone Development with Swift: Exploring the IOS SDK. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 89–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Biology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Rare Glimpse: Satellites Catch The Birth Of Two Volcanic Islands [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services (No. T-RCED-89-60). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Donohue, J., 2010. Resolving Past Liabilities for Future Reduction in Greenhouse Gases; Nuclear Energy and the Outstanding Federal Liability of Spent Nuclear Fuel (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Justices Express Concern Over Aspects of Some Texas Redistricting. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neylon, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Neylon, 2012; Lorenz and Zewail, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lorenz and Zewail, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rabinowitz et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Biology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationSoil Biol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0038-0717
ScopeSoil Science

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