How to format your references using the Soil Biology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Biology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deweerdt, S., 2014. Aetiology: Crucial clues. Nature 513, S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Takeuchi, T., Morris, R.G.M., 2014. Neuroscience: Shedding light on a change of mind. Nature 513, 323–324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutzoni, F., Pagel, M., Reeb, V., 2001. Major fungal lineages are derived from lichen symbiotic ancestors. Nature 411, 937–940.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Osterblad, M., Norrdahl, K., Korpimäki, E., Huovinen, P., 2001. Antibiotic resistance. How wild are wild mammals? Nature 409, 37–38.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dehn, M.J., 2010. Long-Term Memory Problems in Children and Adolescents. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Button, G., 2015. Deconstructing Ethnography: Towards a Social Methodology for Ubiquitous Computing and Interactive Systems Design, Human–Computer Interaction Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Stallings, R.A., 2007. Methodological Issues, in: Quarantelli, E.L., Dynes, R.R. (Eds.), Handbook of Disaster Research, Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 55–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Biology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Nestlé’s New Sugar Type Means 40% Less Will Be Used In Its Chocolate [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/nestle-new-sugar-type-40-less-used-chocolate/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Intellectual Property: Observations on Efforts to Quantify the Economic Effects of Counterfeit and Pirated Goods (No. GAO-10-423). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
San, K.A., 2017. Synthesis of Alkanethiolate-Capped Metal Nanoparticles Using Alkyl Thiosulfate Ligand Precursors for Selective Catalytic Reactions (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G., 2015. That Extra Mile for Love. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deweerdt, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Deweerdt, 2014; Takeuchi and Morris, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Takeuchi and Morris, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Osterblad et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Biology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationSoil Biol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0038-0717
ScopeSoil Science
Microbiology

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