How to format your references using the The National Medical Journal of India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The National Medical Journal of India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venema L. Silicon electronics and beyond. Nature 2011;479:309.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vecchi GA, Soden BJ. Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity. Nature 2007;450:1066–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
Corcoran AJ, Barber JR, Conner WE. Tiger moth jams bat sonar. Science 2009;325:325–27.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wannamaker PE, Caldwell TG, Jiracek GR, Maris V, Hill GJ, Ogawa Y, et al. Fluid and deformation regime of an advancing subduction system at Marlborough, New Zealand. Nature 2009;460:733–36.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhu QK. Power Distribution Network Design For VLSI. Hoboken, NJ:John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Haydaroglu A, Ozyigit G, editors. Principles and Practice of Modern Radiotherapy Techniques in Breast Cancer. New York, NY:Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohnishi A. Common Criteria Based Security Scenario Verification. In: Cordeiro J, Shishkov B, Ranchordas A, Helfert M (eds.). Software and Data Technologies: Third International Conference, ICSOFT 2008, Porto, Portugal, July 22-24, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg:Springer; 2009:37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The National Medical Journal of India.

Blog post
Andrew D. What Do Olympians Actually Eat? IFLScience. 2016; published online Aug 15. Available at (accessed on 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Status of the Marine Corps Integrated Fire and Air Support System. Washington, DC:U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Page JA. Contested urban space: Competing discourses of urban development and environmental conservation in Playa Vista, California. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF. Climbing the Walls Beats Cabin Fever. New York Times. 2005;:14LI16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe National Medical Journal of India
AbbreviationNatl. Med. J. India
ISSN (print)0970-258X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles