How to format your references using the The National Medical Journal of India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The National Medical Journal of India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowan R. Coral bleaching: thermal adaptation in reef coral symbionts. Nature 2004;430:742.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frusawa H, Matsumoto Y. Tuning the size and configuration of nanocarbon microcapsules: aqueous method using optical tweezers. Sci Rep 2014;4:4074.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lebrun EG, Jones NT, Gilbert LE. Chemical warfare among invaders: a detoxification interaction facilitates an ant invasion. Science 2014;343:1014–17.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mock U, Riecken K, Berdien B, Qasim W, Chan E, Cathomen T, et al. Novel lentiviral vectors with mutated reverse transcriptase for mRNA delivery of TALE nucleases. Sci Rep 2014;4:6409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hezaveh A. SAS® 9 Study Guide. Hoboken, NJ:John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Bock WJ, Gannot I, Tanev S, editors. Optical Waveguide Sensing and Imaging. Dordrecht:Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng J, Smith LP. Airway and Aerodigestive Tract. In: Cheng J, Bent JP (eds.). Endoscopic Atlas of Pediatric Otolaryngology. Cham:Springer International Publishing; 2016:39–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The National Medical Journal of India.

Blog post
Andrew E. Garage Biotech: New Drugs Using Only A Computer, The Internet And Free Online Data. IFLScience. 2016; published online May 6. Available at (accessed on 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Fatalities in Light Trucks and Vans. Washington, DC:U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson DG. An application of geotechnical techniques to quantitative regional slope stability analysis San Clemente, California. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Hedge Fund Sues to Have Puerto Rico’s Bankruptcy Case Thrown Out. New York Times. 2017;:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe National Medical Journal of India
AbbreviationNatl. Med. J. India
ISSN (print)0970-258X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles