How to format your references using the The National Medical Journal of India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The National Medical Journal of India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Godfray HCJ. Ecology. Society, where none intrudes. Science 2014;343:1213–14.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baxter GW, Olafsen JS. Kinetics: Gaussian statistics in granular gases. Nature 2003;425:680.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bowman D, King G, Tapponnier P. Slip partitioning by elastoplastic propagation of oblique slip at depth. Science 2003;300:1121–23.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Grujić J, Gracia-Lázaro C, Milinski M, Semmann D, Traulsen A, Cuesta JA, et al. A comparative analysis of spatial Prisoner’s Dilemma experiments: conditional cooperation and payoff irrelevance. Sci Rep 2014;4:4615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg MA, Segelnick SL, Insler JS, Kramer S. The Dentist’s Quick Guide to Medical Conditions. Hoboken, NJ:John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
García-Peña C, Gutiérrez-Robledo LM, Pérez-Zepeda MU, editors. Aging Research - Methodological Issues. Cham:Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosendorff C. Vascular Function. In: Rosendorff C (ed.). Essential Cardiology: Principles and Practice. Totowa, NJ:Humana Press; 2006:55–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The National Medical Journal of India.

Blog post
Hale T. Why You Hate The Word ‘Moist’, According To Science. IFLScience. 2016; published online May 2. Available at (accessed on 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at Western Carolina University and Participating Schools in North Carolina. Washington, DC:U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vincent C. Viewing Dissociative Identity Disorder through a Jungian lens. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Another Storm to Weather. New York Times. 2011;:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe National Medical Journal of India
AbbreviationNatl. Med. J. India
ISSN (print)0970-258X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles