How to format your references using the The National Medical Journal of India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The National Medical Journal of India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Mandavilli A. HIV/AIDS. Nature 2010;466:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Nanus DM, Giannakakou P. CANCER. Cancer therapies that are gone with the Wnt. Science 2015;349:1283–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Burlaga LF, Ness NF, Stone EC. Magnetic field observations as Voyager 1 entered the heliosheath depletion region. Science 2013;341:147–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Davis S, Trapman P, Leirs H, Begon M, Heesterbeek JAP. The abundance threshold for plague as a critical percolation phenomenon. Nature 2008;454:634–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Çayirci E, Rong C. Security in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks. Chichester, UK:John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2009.
An edited book
1
Ivancevic TT. Paradigm Shift for Future Tennis: The Art of Tennis Physiology, Biomechanics and Psychology. Berlin, Heidelberg:Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1
McDermid JA. The Risks of LSCITS: The Odds Are Stacked against Us. In: Calinescu R, Garlan D (eds.). Large-Scale Complex IT Systems. Development, Operation and Management: 17th Monterey Workshop 2012, Oxford, UK, March 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg:Springer; 2012:94–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The National Medical Journal of India.

Blog post
1
Hale T. This Guy Built A Homemade Hoverbike In His Shed. IFLScience. 2016; published online May 1.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Arts Funding: Public Funding Profiles of the NEA States and Cities. Washington, DC:U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Ponder S. Parent information nights: An elementary school principal’s search to increase parent input and affect the learning-at-home environment. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Otis J. Building on Twin Strands of Music and Compassion. New York Times. 2017;:A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe National Medical Journal of India
AbbreviationNatl. Med. J. India
ISSN (print)0970-258X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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