How to format your references using the Cellulose citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellulose. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coleman P (2010) Physics. The lowdown on heavy fermions. Science 327:969–970
A journal article with 2 authors
Lambeck K, Chappell J (2001) Sea level change through the last glacial cycle. Science 292:679–686
A journal article with 3 authors
Couch FJ, Nathanson KL, Offit K (2014) Two decades after BRCA: setting paradigms in personalized cancer care and prevention. Science 343:1466–1470
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kolenderski P, Scarcella C, Johnsen KD, et al (2014) Time-resolved double-slit interference pattern measurement with entangled photons. Sci Rep 4:4685

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pardoux É (2008) Markov Processes and Applications: Algorithms, Networks, Genome and Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bulte JWM, Modo MMJ (eds) (2008) Nanoparticles in Biomedical Imaging: Emerging Technologies and Applications. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Gonek P, Lisowski M, Uhl T (2015) Development of Wireless Passive Sensing Platform – Communication Issues. In: Awrejcewicz J, Szewczyk R, Trojnacki M, Kaliczyńska M (eds) Mechatronics - Ideas for Industrial Application. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 41–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellulose.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Brain-Computer Interface Allows Locked-In Patients To Communicate. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Risk Management: Further Refinements Needed to Assess Risks and Prioritize Protective Measures at Ports and Other Critical Infrastructure. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gill GJ (2009) The experience of family caregiving of the terminally ill: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2016) So Many Turnovers, Jets Lose Count, and the Game. New York Times D8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coleman 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lambeck and Chappell 2001; Coleman 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lambeck and Chappell 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kolenderski et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellulose
ISSN (print)0969-0239
ISSN (online)1572-882X
ScopePolymers and Plastics

Other styles