How to format your references using the Cellulose citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellulose. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mestel L (2005) Obituary: Hermann Bondi (1919-2005). Nature 437:828
A journal article with 2 authors
Snir Y, Kamien RD (2005) Entropically driven helix formation. Science 307:1067
A journal article with 3 authors
Paraje G, Sadana R, Karam G (2005) Public health. Increasing international gaps in health-related publications. Science 308:959–960
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gao S, Chen D, Li Q, et al (2014) Near-infrared fluorescence imaging of cancer cells and tumors through specific biosynthesis of silver nanoclusters. Sci Rep 4:4384

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bma (2013) Everyday Medical Ethics and Law. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Karin M (ed) (2011) NF-kB in Health and Disease. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pelekis C, Schauer M (2013) Network Coloring and Colored Coin Games. In: Alpern S, Fokkink R, Gąsieniec L, et al. (eds) Search Theory: A Game Theoretic Perspective. Springer, New York, NY, pp 59–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellulose.

Blog post
Fang J (2016) A Contagious Cancer Is Spreading Among Several Shellfish Species. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Freight Rail Pricing: Contracts Provide Shippers and Railroads Flexibility, but High Rates Concern Some Shippers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanigan LG (2012) Effects of Two Cancer Genes, HTLV-1 Tax and E-Cadherin, on Cancer Development and Progression. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Grynbaum MM (2016) How NBC Was Scooped on Its Own ‘Access Hollywood’ Trump Video. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mestel 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Snir and Kamien 2005; Mestel 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Snir and Kamien 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellulose
ISSN (print)0969-0239
ISSN (online)1572-882X
ScopePolymers and Plastics

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