How to format your references using the Cellulose citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellulose. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton R (2002) Palaeoanthropology: face to face with our past. Nature 420:735–736
A journal article with 2 authors
Porcello D, Hsi S (2013) Science education. Crowdsourcing and curating online education resources. Science 341:240–241
A journal article with 3 authors
Renault L, Guibert B, Cherfils J (2003) Structural snapshots of the mechanism and inhibition of a guanine nucleotide exchange factor. Nature 426:525–530
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Damodaram KJP, Kempraj V, Aurade RM, et al (2014) Centuries of domestication has not impaired oviposition site-selection function in the silkmoth, Bombyx mori. Sci Rep 4:7472

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barron RF, Barron BR (2011) Design for Thermal Stresses. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bäumer U, Kreutter P, Messner W (eds) (2012) Globalization of Professional Services: Innovative Strategies, Successful Processes, Inspired Talent Management, and First-Hand Experiences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chakrabarty S (2007) Do Social Labeling NGOs Have Any Influence on Child Labor? In: Grote U, Basu AK, Chau NH (eds) New Frontiers in Environmental and Social Labeling. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 59–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellulose.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Scientists Believe They May Finally Have Figured Out The Mystery Of The “Alien Megastructure” Star. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. IV, No. 5. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doss A (2015) Trapped within the white gaze: A DuBoisian approach to understanding the existential burden of being a black man in America. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR (2017) U.S. Urges Iraqi Kurds To Put Off Referendum. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2002; Porcello and Hsi 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Porcello and Hsi 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Damodaram et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellulose
ISSN (print)0969-0239
ISSN (online)1572-882X
ScopePolymers and Plastics

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