How to format your references using the Cellulose citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellulose. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raymond J (2013) Sexist attitudes: Most of us are biased. Nature 495:33–34
A journal article with 2 authors
Navarro A, Barton NH (2003) Chromosomal speciation and molecular divergence--accelerated evolution in rearranged chromosomes. Science 300:321–324
A journal article with 3 authors
Raff MC, Whitmore AV, Finn JT (2002) Axonal self-destruction and neurodegeneration. Science 296:868–871
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Reimold AM, Iwakoshi NN, Manis J, et al (2001) Plasma cell differentiation requires the transcription factor XBP-1. Nature 412:300–307

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee (2002) Centrifugal Pumps (Newtonian Liquids). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wong T-C, Han SS, Zhang H (eds) (2015) Population Mobility, Urban Planning and Management in China. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Xiang L (2012) Simulation System of Examination Score Analysis Based on an Improved Apriori Algorithm. In: Zeng D (ed) Advances in Computer Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 19–25

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellulose.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Pluto’s Surface Might Be Resting On An Ammonia-Water Slurry. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Requirements for Recurring Reports to the Congress. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKenzie NJ (2012) African/Black psychology: A qualitative investigation of distinguished Black psychologists. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2012) Reshooting J. R., This Time on Home Territory. New York Times A22A

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Raymond 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Navarro and Barton 2003; Raymond 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Navarro and Barton 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Reimold et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellulose
ISSN (print)0969-0239
ISSN (online)1572-882X
ScopePolymers and Plastics

Other styles