How to format your references using the Cellulose citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellulose. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton N (2010) Journal club. A comparative cognitive scientist considers the effects of high-calorie diets on the brain. Nature 465:989
A journal article with 2 authors
Stahl AE, Feigenson L (2015) Cognitive development. Observing the unexpected enhances infants’ learning and exploration. Science 348:91–94
A journal article with 3 authors
Velarde E, Ezcurra E, Anderson DW (2013) Seabird diets provide early warning of sardine fishery declines in the Gulf of California. Sci Rep 3:1332
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sil S, Kuhar N, Acharya S, Umapathy S (2013) Is chemically synthesized graphene “really” a unique substrate for SERS and fluorescence quenching? Sci Rep 3:3336

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sewell G (2005) The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hassan OH, Abidin SZ, Anwar R, Kamaruzaman MF (eds) (2015) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Research of Arts, Design and Humanities (ISRADH 2014), 1st ed. 2015. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Rosen J (2015) Isomorphism Theorems: Markov Processes, Gaussian Processes and Beyond. In: Gayrard V, Kistler N (eds) Correlated Random Systems: Five Different Methods: CIRM Jean-Morlet Chair, Spring 2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 121–177

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellulose.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Our Gut Microbes Influence How We Respond To Fear. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Opportunity To Improve Indian Education in Schools Operated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prietto M (2015) No place like home: The problem and the promise of the home psychotherapy office. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2008) Start-Up Church Calls Diner Home. New York Times WE2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clayton 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Clayton 2010; Stahl and Feigenson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stahl and Feigenson 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sil et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCellulose
ISSN (print)0969-0239
ISSN (online)1572-882X
ScopePolymers and Plastics

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