How to format your references using the The Malaysian Journal of Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Malaysian Journal of Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smil V V. Jumbo. Nature. 2000 Jul 20;406(6793):239.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stark CP, Stieglitz M. Hydrology. The sting in a fractal tail. Nature. 2000 Feb 3;403(6769):493, 495.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Tarduno JA, Cottrell RD, Smirnov AV. High geomagnetic intensity during the mid-Cretaceous from Thellier analyses of single plagioclase crystals. Science. 2001 Mar 2;291(5509):1779–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Coull JAM, Boudreau D, Bachand K, Prescott SA, Nault F, Sík A, et al. Trans-synaptic shift in anion gradient in spinal lamina I neurons as a mechanism of neuropathic pain. Nature. 2003 Aug 21;424(6951):938–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vakkur NV, Herrera ZJ. Corporate Governance Regulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Barahona P, Bry F, Franconi E, Henze N, Sattler U, editors. Reasoning Web: Second International Summer School 2006, Lisbon, Portugal, September 4-8, 2006, Tutorial Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XII, 269 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4126).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Drago EC. The Physical Dynamics of the River–Lake Floodplain System. In: Iriondo MH, Paggi JC, Parma MJ, editors. The Middle Paraná River: Limnology of a Subtropical Wetland. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 83–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Malaysian Journal of Pathology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Meet The Spider That Lives Its Entire Life In A Bubble Underwater [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/meet-spider-lives-its-entire-life-bubble-underwater/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The Summer Feeding Program: How to Feed the Children and Stop Program Abuses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Apr. Report No.: CED-77-59.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Luvani KD. AIRtouch: An Intelligent Virtual Keyboard [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Revises Plan to Reduce Debt as Optimism Dwindles. New York Times. 2016 Jan 19;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Malaysian Journal of Pathology
ISSN (print)0126-8635
Scope

Other styles