How to format your references using the The Malaysian Journal of Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Malaysian Journal of Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halavais A. Social science: Open up online research. Nature. 2011 Dec 7;480(7376):174–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Largeron M, Fleury M-B. Chemistry. Bioinspired oxidation catalysts. Science. 2013 Jan 4;339(6115):43–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tahir M, MacKinnon A, Schwingenschlögl U. Novel spectral features of nanoelectromechanical systems. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 17;4:4035.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang J-Y, Kim M-G, Park J-H, Hong S-T, Lee H-S. Evaluation of benzaldehyde derivatives from Morinda officinalis as anti-mite agents with dual function as acaricide and mite indicator. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 1;4:7149.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akivis MA, Goldberg VV. Conformal Differential Geometry and Its Generalizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1996.
An edited book
Normey-Rico JE. Control of Dead-time Processes. Camacho EF, editor. London: Springer; 2007. XXV, 462 p. (Advanced Textbooks in Control and Signal Processing).
A chapter in an edited book
Brinkworth JF, Sterner KN. Toll-Like Receptor Function and Evolution in Primates. In: Brinkworth JF, Pechenkina K, editors. Primates, Pathogens, and Evolution. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 91–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Malaysian Journal of Pathology.

Blog post
Davis J. Japan Set to Restart Whaling This Year [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Response to Request for Comments on Federal Contribution to Corporation for Public Broadcasting]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Jul. Report No.: B-221498.46.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slade MR. The adaptive nature of organizational silence: A cybernetic exploration of the hidden factory [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S, Martin J. Marchers Map Out Next Steps. New York Times. 2017 Jan 22;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Malaysian Journal of Pathology
ISSN (print)0126-8635

Other styles