How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gee, H., 2002: Progressive evolution: aspirational thinking. Nature, 420, 611.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hillebrand, R., and U. Gösele, 2004: Physics. Woodpiles for photons. Science, 305, 187–188.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rasmussen, L. E. L., H. S. Riddle, and V. Krishnamurthy, 2002: Mellifluous matures to malodorous in musth. Nature, 415, 975–976.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Moy, C. M., G. O. Seltzer, D. T. Rodbell, and D. M. Anderson, 2002: Variability of El Niño/Southern Oscillation activity at millennial timescales during the Holocene epoch. Nature, 420, 162–165.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sobel, A., 2009: All for One. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Chen, A., 2015: The Principles of Geotourism. Y. Lu and Y.C.Y. Ng, Eds. Springer, XXIII, 264 p. 7 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Bedigian, D., 2013: African Origins of Sesame Cultivation in the Americas. African Ethnobotany in the Americas, R. Voeks and J. Rashford, Eds., Springer, 67–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015: A Deadly, Mutating Wheat Fungus Is Spreading – Here’s How To Track It. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015: K-12 Education: Federal Funding for and Characteristics of Public Schools with Extended Learning Time. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adrian, D. E., 2009: School scheduling models and the achievement of at-risk students: A causal-comparative study. University of Phoenix, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017: A Gadget to Slow-Cook, and One to Fast-Forward. New York Times, February 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gee 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gee 2002; Hillebrand and Gösele 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hillebrand and Gösele 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Moy et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol.
ISSN (print)1558-8424
ISSN (online)1558-8432
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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