How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ueno, Y., 2014: Earth Science. Coping with low ocean sulfate. Science, 346, 703–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peng, L., and N. A. Mortensen, 2014: Plasmonic-cavity model for radiating nano-rod antennas. Sci. Rep., 4, 3825.
A journal article with 3 authors
Muchnik, L., S. Aral, and S. J. Taylor, 2013: Social influence bias: a randomized experiment. Science, 341, 647–651.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Alvarez-Rodriguez, U., M. Sanz, L. Lamata, and E. Solano, 2014: Biomimetic cloning of quantum observables. Sci. Rep., 4, 4910.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thatcher, A., 2011: God, Sex, and Gender. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK,.
An edited book
Perera, A. H., C. A. Drew, and C. J. Johnson, eds., 2012: Expert Knowledge and Its Application in Landscape Ecology. Springer, New York, NY, XIV, 307 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Olesen, M. C., R. R. Hansen, and K. G. Larsen, 2016: An Automata-Based Approach to Trace Partitioned Abstract Interpretation. Semantics, Logics, and Calculi: Essays Dedicated to Hanne Riis Nielson and Flemming Nielson on the Occasion of Their 60th Birthdays, C.W. Probst, C. Hankin, and R.R. Hansen, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 88–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015: How Leatherback Sea Turtles Keep Their Muscles Warm In Frigid Waters. IFLScience,.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988: Aviation Safety: Measuring How Safely Individual Airlines Operate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kannanthanathu, A. F., 2017: Wavelet Transform and Ensemble Logistic Regression for Driver Drowsiness Detection. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2013: For Some Players, Tax Ensures a Loss Even After a Win. New York Times, December 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ueno 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ueno 2014; Peng and Mortensen 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peng and Mortensen 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Alvarez-Rodriguez et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol.
ISSN (print)1558-8424
ISSN (online)1558-8432
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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