How to format your references using the Current Gastroenterology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Gastroenterology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Majumdar A. Materials science. Thermoelectricity in semiconductor nanostructures. Science. 2004;303:777–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pullum GK, Scholz BC. More than words. Nature. 2001;413:367.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Korobova F, Ramabhadran V, Higgs HN. An actin-dependent step in mitochondrial fission mediated by the ER-associated formin INF2. Science. 2013;339:464–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bruner AG, Gullison RE, Rice RE, da Fonseca GA. Effectiveness of parks in protecting tropical biodiversity. Science. 2001;291:125–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Baban TM. Shallow Foundations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Grant IP, editor. Relativistic Quantum Theory of Atoms and Molecules: Theory and Computation. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Berezovsky J, Lau WH, Ghosh S, Stephens J, Stern NP, Awschalom DD. Spin Coherence in Semiconductors. In: Flatté ME, Ţifrea I, editors. Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 130–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Gastroenterology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Here Are The “Smartest” Dog Breeds, According To A Psychologist [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Patent Examination and Copyright Office Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Sep. Report No.: T-RCED/GGD-96-230.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Couch HC. Providers’ Acceptance of Smartphone Applications as a Supportive Strategy for Adolescent Asthma [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. German Hand Helps to Bolster American Identity One Change at a Time. New York Times. 2011 Oct 11;B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Gastroenterol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1522-8037
ISSN (online)1534-312X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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