How to format your references using the Current Gastroenterology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Gastroenterology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Verma I. Then and now. Nature. 2005;436:478–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Breitkreutz A, Tyers M. Cell signaling. A sophisticated scaffold wields a new trick. Science. 2006;311:789–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Koschowitz M-C, Fischer C, Sander M. Evolution. Beyond the rainbow. Science. 2014;346:416–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dery H, Dalal P, Cywiński Ł, Sham LJ. Spin-based logic in semiconductors for reconfigurable large-scale circuits. Nature. 2007;447:573–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Geren RL. Applying the Building Code. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Atallah MJ, Hopper NJ, editors. Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 10th International Symposium, PETS 2010, Berlin, Germany, July 21-23, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Otero C, Valentini P. Geometric Modelling and CAD. In: Fischer X, Daidie A, Eynard B, Paredes M, editors. Research in Interactive Design (Vol 4): Mechanics, Design Engineering and Advanced Manufacturing. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Gastroenterology Reports.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Study Suggests That Some Forms Of Autism May Not Just Affect The Brain [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: FAA Can Help Ensure That Airports’ Access Control Systems Are Cost-Effective. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Mar. Report No.: RCED-95-25.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Carter CA. The Panhellenic Project: Assessing learning engagement using Web 2.0 technologies [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM. A New Press Secretary, for a President at War With the Press. New York Times. 2017 Aug 8;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Gastroenterol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1522-8037
ISSN (online)1534-312X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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