How to format your references using the Archives of Scientific Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Scientific Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tobie, G. (2015). Planetary science: Enceladus’ hot springs. Nature, 519(7542), 162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
McMichael, R. D., & Stiles, M. D. (2008). Physics. A new spin on the Doppler effect. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5900), 386–387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saper, C. B., Scammell, T. E., & Lu, J. (2005). Hypothalamic regulation of sleep and circadian rhythms. Nature, 437(7063), 1257–1263.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fu, Q., Li, W.-X., Yao, Y., Liu, H., Su, H.-Y., Ma, D., Gu, X.-K., Chen, L., Wang, Z., Zhang, H., Wang, B., & Bao, X. (2010). Interface-confined ferrous centers for catalytic oxidation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5982), 1141–1144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim, H.-G., Moreau, N., & Sikora, T. (2006). MPEG-7 Audio and Beyond. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Holmberg, K., Adgar, A., Arnaiz, A., Jantunen, E., Mascolo, J., & Mekid, S. (Eds.). (2010). E-maintenance. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rahwan, I., & Amgoud, L. (2007). An Argumentation-Based Approach for Practical Reasoning. In N. Maudet, S. Parsons, & I. Rahwan (Eds.), Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems: Third International Workshop, ArgMAS 2006 Hakodate, Japan, May 8, 2006 Revised Selected and Invited Papers (pp. 74–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Scientific Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, July 24). New Evidence Suggests Tyrannosaurs Were Social Creatures. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Federal Communications Commission: Competitive Bidding Procedures (OGC-98-26). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felarca, C. U. (2012). A burning problem: Skin protection practices among college nursing students and non-nursing college students [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, October 4). Do More Guns Really Mean Fewer Gun Murders? Not Exactly. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tobie, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (McMichael & Stiles, 2008; Tobie, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McMichael & Stiles, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Saper et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fu et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Scientific Psychology
AbbreviationArch. Sci. Psychol.
ISSN (online)2169-3269

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