How to format your references using the Archives of Scientific Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Scientific Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bates, G. P. (2006). BIOMEDICINE: One Misfolded Protein Allows Others to Sneak By. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5766), 1385–1386.
A journal article with 2 authors
Purvis, A., & Hector, A. (2000). Getting the measure of biodiversity. Nature, 405(6783), 212–219.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bradley, R. S., Hughes, M. K., & Diaz, H. F. (2003). Climate change. Climate in Medieval time. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5644), 404–405.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lu, S., Seong, J., Wang, Y., Chang, S.-C., Eichorst, J. P., Ouyang, M., Li, J. Y.-S., Chien, S., & Wang, Y. (2014). Decipher the dynamic coordination between enzymatic activity and structural modulation at focal adhesions in living cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 5756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood, P. (2013). Western Art and the Wider World. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Sandnes, F. E., Zhang, Y., Rong, C., Yang, L. T., & Ma, J. (Eds.). (2008). Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing: 5th International Conference, UIC 2008, Oslo, Norway, June 23-25, 2008 Proceedings (Vol. 5061). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Harper, A. G. S., & Sage, S. O. (2016). TRP-Na+/Ca2+ Exchanger Coupling. In J. A. Rosado (Ed.), Calcium Entry Pathways in Non-excitable Cells (pp. 67–85). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Scientific Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, November 24). The Social Status of Monkeys Alters Their Immune Response. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Smartphone Data: Information and Issues Regarding Surreptitious Tracking Apps That Can Facilitate Stalking (GAO-16-317). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Immaneni, R. N. (2015). An efficient approach to machine learning based text classification through distributed computing [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, October 21). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Union Says A Million Strike. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bates, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bates, 2006; Purvis & Hector, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Purvis & Hector, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Bradley et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Scientific Psychology
AbbreviationArch. Sci. Psychol.
ISSN (online)2169-3269

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