How to format your references using the The Lancet Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Lancet Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Malakoff D. NUCLEAR ESPIONAGE: Report Details Spying on Touring Scientists. Science 2000; 288: 2300–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Carmeliet P, Jain RK. Angiogenesis in cancer and other diseases. Nature 2000; 407: 249–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Jansen VAA, Mashanova A, Petrovskii S. Comment on ‘Lévy walks evolve through interaction between movement and environmental complexity’. Science 2012; 335: 918; author reply 918.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Li Q, Le May M, Lacroix N, Chen J. Induction of Pax3 gene expression impedes cardiac differentiation. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 2498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Salleh S, Zomaya AY, Olariu S, Sanugi B. Numerical Simulations and Case Studies Using Visual C++.Net. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
1
Lasota J-P, editor. Astronomy at the Frontiers of Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Ogborn J. 40 Years of Curriculum Development. In: Boersma K, Goedhart M, Jong O de, Eijkelhof H, eds. Research and the Quality of Science Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005: 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Lancet Neurology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. NASA Selects Instruments To Send To Europa In Search Of Alien Life. IFLScience. 2015; published online May 27. https://www.iflscience.com/space/europa-mission-instument-breakdown/ (accessed Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. FCC: Geographic Partitioning and Spectrum Disaggregation for the 220-222 MHz Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Roediger E. Relaxation Skills Training for Elementary Aged Children. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. 2016; : MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Lancet Neurology
AbbreviationLancet Neurol.
ISSN (print)1474-4422
ISSN (online)1474-4465
ScopeClinical Neurology

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