How to format your references using the The Lancet Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Lancet Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Farr NL. Questioning placebo controls. Science 2000; 288: 1747c.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Zhang S, Bryant DA. The tricarboxylic acid cycle in cyanobacteria. Science 2011; 334: 1551–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Franco A, Malhotra N, Simonovits G. Social science. Publication bias in the social sciences: unlocking the file drawer. Science 2014; 345: 1502–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Chang CC, Nicholson AN, Rinaldi E, et al. A per-cent-level determination of the nucleon axial coupling from quantum chromodynamics. Nature 2018; 558: 91–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Troffaes MCM, Cooman G de. Lower Previsions: Troffaes/Lower Previsions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
1
Zseby T, Savola R, Pistore M, editors. Future Internet - FIS 2009: Second Future Internet Symposium, FIS 2009, Berlin, Germany, September 1-3, 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Delling D, Wagner D. Landmark-Based Routing in Dynamic Graphs. In: Demetrescu C, ed. Experimental Algorithms: 6th International Workshop, WEA 2007, Rome, Italy, June 6-8, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007: 52–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Lancet Neurology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. How Cancer Doctors Use Personalised Medicine To Target Variations Unique To Each Tumour. IFLScience. 2015; published online Nov 16. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-cancer-doctors-use-personalised-medicine-target-variations-unique-each/ (accessed Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-96. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Satterlee RT. A case study of undergraduate student employment at a private university: Exploring the effects of social class and institutional context. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Chapman MM. In Michigan, Homage to the Auto’s Heritage. New York Times. 2010; : AU4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Lancet Neurology
AbbreviationLancet Neurol.
ISSN (print)1474-4422
ISSN (online)1474-4465
ScopeClinical Neurology

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