How to format your references using the The Lancet Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Lancet Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Nurse P. Life, logic and information. Nature 2008; 454: 424–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Youle RJ, van der Bliek AM. Mitochondrial fission, fusion, and stress. Science 2012; 337: 1062–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Wynn TA, Chawla A, Pollard JW. Macrophage biology in development, homeostasis and disease. Nature 2013; 496: 445–55.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Jourdie V, Moureau B, Bennett ATD, Heeb P. Ecology: ultraviolet reflectance by the skin of nestlings. Nature 2004; 431: 262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Sarker DK. Pharmaceutical Emulsions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
1
Obukhovskii V. Method of Guiding Functions in Problems of Nonlinear Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Kshirsagar M, Carbonell JG, Klein-Seetharaman J, Murugesan K. Multitask Matrix Completion for Learning Protein Interactions Across Diseases. In: Singh M, ed. Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 20th Annual Conference, RECOMB 2016, Santa Monica, CA, USA, April 17-21, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016: 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Lancet Neurology.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. The Speed Of Gravity Might Help Us Confirm Dark Energy. IFLScience. 2017; published online Feb 14. https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-speed-of-gravity-might-help-us-confirm-dark-energy/ (accessed Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Relationship of Contractor and Grantee ADP Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Giles DM. A study of remotely sensed aerosol properties from ground-based sun and sky scanning radiometers. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kishkovsky S. Russia Inaugurates Book Prize. It’s Big. New York Times. 2006; : E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Lancet Neurology
AbbreviationLancet Neurol.
ISSN (print)1474-4422
ISSN (online)1474-4465
ScopeClinical Neurology

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